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200 years since the battle of Waterloo

People in Europe has hated each other in thousands of years. Today, it is 200 years since the battle of Waterloo. The date was Sunday, 18 June, 1815. Some people say this was the early start of NATO, because allied forces at this time was British, Scottish, Flemish, Irish, Welsh, Walloon, German, Belgium and Dutch soldiers.

After 1815, the norm for the British arms has been coalitions. From Crimea in the 1850`s to the World War I and II, and wars on Iraq, Libya and Afghanistan.

«It`s a historical distortion: Britain could not defeat Napoleon without the aid of continental partners,» Charles Esdaile, a military historian at the University of Liverpool said.

 

1024px-Andrieux_-_La_bataille_de_Waterloo
(Picture: Clèment-Auguste Andrieux’s 1852 The Battle of Waterloo)

 

They all thwarted the attempts of European domination by the French general and emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. The battle in Waterloo was the start of the end of the Napoleonic Wars, which started in 1803 and ended in 1815. 5 million people were killed.

Napoleon`s army consisted of around 69,000 men; 48,000 infantry, 14,000 cavalry, and 7,000 artillery with 250 guns. Welligton`s troops consisted of 67,000 men; 50,000 infantry, 11,000 cavalry, and 6,000 artillery with 150 guns.

The author of Les Miserables, Victor Hugo, said the battle in Waterloo wasn`t a battle. He said: «Waterloo is not a battle; it is the changing face of the universe.»

Historians say Waterloo laid the groundwork for NATO and the United Nations, and only 36% of Welligton`s army were British. Winston Churchill mentioned «united nations» as the famous global organisation and it paved the way for the U.K to become a global power.

Prussia had 50,000 soldiers, and became a part of Germany later on.

French had long been the world`s superpower. Who knows that France have been one out of three to be the world`s superpower in 500 years? The Vienna Treaty started right after the battle of Waterloo, and the U.K got territorial possessions (South Africa, Trinidad and Sri Lanka).

The U.K used this base to control its vast colonial empire.

Britain didn`t have much competition until the U.S emerged as a superpower during the World War II. The demand for American products increased during the Napoleonic Wars, as the European industry was hit hard during the war and their demand for products declined.

The Anglo-American War in 1812 combined with the British and French blockades disrupted the trade, and the battle heralded an age of German nationalism, and later on to World War II. The Prussian state created nationalism which formed the new German Empire after 1870.

The nationalism escalated and led to the hyper-nationalism which again led to the Nazi Party and the Third Reich.

This formed the future of the European Union.

Napoleon wanted a single state in Europe and the battle in Waterloo was a battle between different ideologies. Napoleon wanted to control Europe. He wanted to establish a European empire under his dictatorship since 1804.

But the allies wanted something different. The Allies won over France and Napoleon`s concepts such as Napoleon`s French Revolutionary Empire and Holy Roman Empire before it.

But Napoleon is not the only one to try to take control over Europe, and we can see the same idea of a pan-European state today, which is exactly 200 years since the battle in Waterloo. Many people in Europe doesn`t like the idea and do not buy the new ideology.

The Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw on 13 March, 1815. Four days later, the U.K, Russia, Austria and Prussia mobilised armies to defeat Napoleon.

Napoleon attacked the allies in the hope of destroying them before they could join in a coordinated invasion of France with other members of the coalition. Napoleon was defeated after a few hours, and the coalition forces entered France and restored King Louis XVIII to the French throne.

Napoleon abdicated, eventually surrendering to Captain Maitland of HMS Bellerophon, part of the British blockade, and was exiled to Saint Helena where he died in 1821.

About 100 years later (1920), Adolf Hitler came to the power in the German Nazi Party.

 


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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication. UA-63539824-1.

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Holocaust Memorial Day

Today it is 70 years since the Holocaust (the catastrophe). Six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. An additional five million non-Jewish victims of Nazi mass murders are included by some historians bringing the total to approximately eleven million. This is humanity at its worst!

From 1941 to 1945 Jews were targeted and methodically murdered in a genocide, the largest in modern history, and part of a broader aggregate of acts of oppression and killings of various ethnic and political groups in Europe by the Nazis.

WannseeList

(Picture: List of Jewish populations by country used at the Wannsee Conference in 1942)

Every arm of Germany`s bureaucracy was involved in the logistics of the genocide, turning the Third Reich into «a genocidal state». Non-Jewish victims of broader Nazi crimes include Gypsies, Poles, communists, homosexuals, Soviet POW`s and the mentally and physically disabled.

A network of 42,500 facilities in Germany and German-occupied territories were used to concentrate, confine, and kill Jews and other victims. Between 100,000 and 500,000 were direct participants in the planning and execution of the Holocaust.

Nazism is the ideology and practice of the German Nazi Party and state. It is sometimes applied to other far-right groups. Usually characterised as a form of fascism that incorporates scientific racism and antisemitism. The full name of Hitler`s party was Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers` Party; NSDAP).

Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and social Darwinism. Germanic people were depicted as true «Aryans» and the «master race». Opposed to both capitalism and Marxism, it aimed to overcome social divisions, with all parts of a homogeneous society seeking national unity, and what it viewed as historically German territory as well as additional lands for expansion.

The term «National Socialism» arose out of attempts to create a national redefinition of «socialism», as an alternative to both internationalist Marxist socialism and free market capitalism.
The Nazi Party was founded as the pan-German nationalist and antisemitic German Workers` Party on 5 January 1919. By the early 1920`s, Adolf Hitler assumed control of the organisation.

The National Socialist Program, adopted in 1920, called for a united Greater Germany that would deny citizenship to Jews or those of Jewish descent, while also supporting land reform and the nationalisation of some industries.

In Mein Kampf (1924), Hitler outlined his antisemitism and anti-communism at the heart of his political philosophy, as well as his disdain for parliamentary democracy and his belief in Germany`s right to territorial expansion. Nazism is neither left- nor right-wing, but syncretic.

Jew_Killings_in_Ivangorod_(1942)

(Picture: Executions of Jews by German army mobile killing units (Einsatzgruppen) near Ivanhorod, now Ukraine. The photo was mailed from the Eastern Front to Germany and intercepted by a member of the Polish resistance)

The concept of the Aryan race, which the Nazis promoted, stems from racial theories asserting that Europeans are the descendants of Indo-Iranian settlers, people of ancient India and ancient persia. Johann Gottfried Herder argued that the Germanic peoples held close racial connections with the ancient Indians and anciant Persians, who he claimed were advanced people possessing a great capacity for wisdom, nobility, restraint, and science.

A French racial theorist and aristocrat, blamed the fall of the ancien regime in France on racial degeneracy caused by racial intermixing, which he argued destroyed the purity of the Aryan race, a term which he reserved only for Germanic people. Gobineau`s theories, which attracted a strong following in Germany, emphasised the existence of an irreconcilable polarity between Aryan (Germanic) and Jewish cultures.

Nazism`s racial policy positions may have developed from the views of important biologists of the 19th century, including French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, through Ernst Haeckel`s idealist version of Lamrckism and the father of genetics German botanist Gregor Mendel. Haeckel`s book was banned in the bookstore by the Nazi party.

Chamberlain`s work (1899) praised Germanic people for their creativity and idealism while asserting that the Germanic spirit was threatened by a «Jewish» spirit of selfishness and materialism. Chamberlain met Hitler in 1923, whom he admired as a leader of the rebirth of the free spirit.

In Germany, the idea of Jews economically exploiting Germans became prominent upon the fundation of Germany, due to the ascendance of many wealthy Jews into prominent positions upon the unification of Germany in 1871.

Empirical evidence demonstrates that from 1871 to the early 20th century, that German Jews were overrepresented in Germany`s upper and middle classes, while they were underrepresented in Germany`s lower class and particularly in the field of work of agricultural and industrial labour.

German Jewish financiers and bankers played a key role in fostering Germany`s economic growth from the 1871 to 1913, and such Jewish financiers and bankers benefited enormously from this boom, in 1908 amongst the twenty-nine wealthiest German families with aggregate fortunes of up to 55 million marks at the time, five of which were Jewish, and the Rothschild were the second wealthiest German family.

The predominance of Jews in German`s banking, commerce, and industry sectors in this time period was very high with consideration to Jews being estimated to have accounted for 1 percent of the population of Germany.

This overrepresentation of Jewish in these areas created resentment by non-Jewish Germans during periods of economic crisis such as in response to the 1873 stock market crash that resulted in a severe depression.

The 1873 stock market crash and ensuing depression resulted in a spate of attacks on alleged Jewish economic dominance in Germany, and antisemitism surged.

Einsatzgruppe_A

(Picture: Einsatzgruppe A; members execute Jews on the outskirts of Kovno, 1941-1942)

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (1912) was an antisemitic forgery created by the police of the Russian Empire. Antisemitic believed it was real, and the Protocol became widely popular after World War I.

The Protocol claimed that there was a secret international Jewish conspiracy to take over the world. Alfred Rosenberg introduced the protocol to Hitler, and from 1920 onward, Hitler focused his attacks on claiming that Judaism and Marxism were directly connected; that Jews and Bolsheviks were one and the same, and that Marxism was a Jewish ideology. Hitler believed that the Protocols were authentic.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte accused Jews in Germany of having been, and inevitably continuing to be, a «state within a state» that threatened German national unity. Fichte promoted two options to address this: the fist was the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine to impel the Jews to leave Europe.

The other option was violence against Jews, saying that the goal would be «….to cut off all their heads in one night, and set new ones on their shoulders, which should not contain a single Jewish idea».

Tsarist exiles flooded into Munich and Berlin and spread theories about a worldwide Jewish Bolshevik conspiracy. Hitler`s own antisemitism was deepened and intensified by extensive conversations with Fyodor Vinberg, a Russo-German member of the organisation called Aufbau Vereinigung composed of White Russian emigres.

The Nazis argued that capitalism damages nations due to international finance, the economic dominance of big business, and Jewish influences. This Nazi propaganda was spread to the working class as anti-capitalism.

Hitler said in 1927: «We are socialists, we are enemies of today`s capitalistic economic system for the exploitation of the economically weak, with its unfair salaries, with its unseemly evaluation of a human being according to wealth and property instead of responsibility and performance, and we are determined to destroy this system under all conditions.»

Hitler told a party leader in 1934; «The economic system of our day is the creation of the Jews». He also told Benito Mussolini that «Capitalism had run its course». He argued that the only means to maintain economic security was to have direct control over resources rather than being forced to rely on world trade. He claimed that war to gain such resources was the only means to surpass the failing capitalist economic system.

Joseph Goebbels claimed in his diary in the 1920`s that if he were to pick between Bolshevism and capitalism, he said «in final analysis», «it would be better for us to go down with Bolshevism than live in eternal slavery under capitalism.»

The author Oswald Spengler published his book «The decline of the West» in 1918. According to Spengler, the Western world is ending and we are witnessing the last season – «winter time», of the Faustian civiliation. Western Man is proud but tragic figure because, while he strives and creates, he secretly knows the actual goal will never be reached, he said.

We are all different and unique and a society that has no room for difference has no room for humanity. You can’t build a society on hate!

This is insane!

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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