Category Archives: Politics

The fall of the Berlin Wall is a symbol of the Cold War in post-World War II Europe and it illustrated the gap between two political ideologies; Capitalism and Communism

30 years ago, some people in Germany were isolated from the rest of the world. They were trapped inside the Berlin Wall that was a guarded concrete barrier that physically and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.

Construction of the Wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) on 13 August 1961. The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.

The Eastern Bloc portrayed the Wall as protecting its population from fascist elements conspriring to prevent the «will of the people» in building a socialist state in East Germany. GDR authorities officially referred to the Berlin Wall as the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart.

The West Berlin city government sometimes referred to it as the «Wall of Shame», a term coined by mayor Willy Brandt in reference to the Wall`s restriction on freedom of movement. The wall came to symbolize physically the «Iron Curtain» that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during the Cold War.

U.S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo praised Reagan on Friday, saying he «courageously denounced the greatest threat to that freedom, the Soviet Empire, the evil Empire.» Reagan held a speech in 1987, but John F Kennedy said «Ich bin ein Berliner» in a speech in West Berlin, on June 26, 1963.

That speech is widely regarded as the best-known speech of the Cold War and the most famous anti-communist speech.

Kennedy aimed to underline the support of the United States for West Germany 22 months after Soviet-occupied East Germany erected the Berliin Wall to prevent mass emigration to the West. The message was aimed as much at the Soviets as it was at Berliners and was a clear statement of U.S policy in the wake of the construction of the Berlin Wall.

Another phrase in the speech was also spoken in German, «Lasst sie nach Berlin kommen» (Let them come to Berlin»), addressed at those who claimed «we can work with the Communists», a remark at which Nikita Khrushchev scoffed only days later.

Chancellor Angela Merkel thanked the United States for its support in reunification in a speech on Friday. Kennedy`s speech «Ich bin ein Berliner», and Ronald Reagan`s memorable Berlin sentence from 1987, «Mr. Gorbachev tear down this wall,» as well as Barrack Obama`s speech at the Brandenburg Gate in 2016, are in all German`s memories.

Germany`s capital, Berlin was deep within the area controlled after World War II by the Soviet Union. Initially governed in four sectors controlled by the four Allied powers (United States, United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union).

Tensions of the Cold War escalated until the Soviet forces implemented the Berlin Blockade, which the Western allies relieved with the dramatic airlift. Afterward, the sectors border between East and West was closed everywhere but in Berlin.

Hundreds of thousands of East Germans defected to the West via West Berlin, a labour drain that threatened East Germany with economic collapse.

In 1961, the East German government under Walter Ulbricht erected a barbed-wire barrier around West Berlin, officially called the antifaschistischer Schutzwall (anti-fascist protective barrier).

The East German authorities argued that it was meant to prevent spies and agents of West Germany from crossing into East. However, it was universally known as the Berliin Wall and its real purpose was to keep East German citizens from escaping to the West.

The Wall closed the biggest loophole in the Iron Curtain, and Berlin went from being one of the easiest places to cross from East Europe to West Europe to being one of the most difficult.

The West, including the U.S., was accused of failing to respond forcefully to the erection of the Wall. Officially, Berlin was under joint occupation by the four allied powers, each with primary responsibility for a certain zone.

Kennedy`s speech marked the first instance where the U.S acknowledged that East Berlin was part of the Soviet bloc along with the rest of East Germany. On July 25, 1961, Kennedy insisted in a presidential address that the U.S would defend West Berlin, asserting its Four-Power rights, while making it clear that challenging the Soviet presence in Germany was not possible.

30 years ago, in 1989, a series of revolutions in nearby Eastern Bloc countries, Poland and Hungary in particular, caused a chain reaction in East Germany that ultimately resulted in the demise of the Wall.

After several weeks of unrest, the East German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans crossed and climbed onto the Wall, joined by West Germans on the other side in a celebratory atmosphere.

The «fall of the Berlin Wall» paved the way for German reunification, which formally took place on 3 October 1990.

Some people in Berlin say that they are more divided today than 30 years ago. It actually started right after World War II. East Germany differed from West Germany (Federal Republic of Germany), which developed into a Western capitalist country with a social market economy and a democratic parliamentary government.

Continual economic growth starting in the 1950`s fueled a 20-year «economic miracle». As West Germany`s eceonomy grew, and its standard of living steadily improved, many East Germans wanted to move to West Germany.

Today, we can see that it all boil down to one ting: The richest people in Germany live in the West.

Big companies and high income is missing in the East were only 36 og Germany`s 500 biggest companies have headquarters. In 1991, East Germany`s GDP per capita was equivalent to just 43 percent of that in West Germany, but now it`s 75 percent (2018). According to a poll, most East Germans still feel like «second class citizens.»

About 2 million people have left the East for the West after the fall of the wall, and two thirds of them were women. The Eastern population is older, poorer and more male. Only two soccer teams out of 18 are from the East. Interestigly, the far-right is doing it better in the East.

It all goes back to Stalin and the Communists. The German Democratic Republic (GDP, East Germany) was declared on 7 October 1949. By a secret treaty, the Soviet Ministry of Foreign Affairs accorded the East German state administrative authority, but not autonomy. The Soviet permeated East German administrative, military and secret police structure and had full control.

The Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) said schools were «a justifiable source of pride for the East Germans.» OECD said that while education system in the former West focused on dividing children into different ability groups early on, the Eastern system was more equitable.

But after the fall of the wall, the East was eager to do everything in the Western way, even education. The education system in the East become more unequal. Kids drops out of school and are worce off in the East than in the West. In West Germany, people look back at East Germany in a very negative sense.

The West are more conservative and religious. Politically, Germany is still very divided. Voters in the former Communist states are voting the far-right AfD.

You can see what the communists have done to the mindset and the community. We know the story of one of the founders of Google, Sergei Brin. His parents escaped from Moscow to the United States. They separated the kids on the school. Brin couldn`t participate with the other kids in gym and matematics.

Indoctrination of Marxism-Leninism became a compulsory part of the school curricula, sending professors and students fleeing to the West. The East Germans created an elaborate political police apparatus that kept the population under close surveillance, inluding Soviet SMERSH secret police.

Who wants to live in a hell like this? The emigrants tended to be young and well-educated, leading to the brain drain feared by officials in East Germany. They stated «the flight of the intelligentsia has reached a particularly critical phase.»

The loss was disproportionately heavy among professionals, engineers, technicians, physicians, teachers, lawyers and skilled workers. The brain drain of professionals had become so damaging to the political credibility and economic viability of the East Germany that the re-securing of the German communist frontier was imperative.

Following World War II, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin headed a group of nations on his Western border, the Eastern Bloc, that then included Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia, which he wished to maintain alongside a weakened Soviet-controlled Germany.

As early as 1945, Stalin revealed to German communist leaders that he expected to slowly undermine the British position within the British occupation zone, that the United States would withdraw within a year or two, and that nothing would then stand in the way of a unified communist Germany within the bloc.

The major task of the ruling communist party in the Soviet zone was to channel Soviet orders down to both the administrative apparatus and the other bloc parties, which in turn would be presented as internal measures.

Property and industry was nationalized in the East German zone. If statements or decisions deviated from the described line, reprimands and punishment would ensure, such as imprisonment, torture and even death.

In 1949, following disagreements regarding reconstruction and a new German currency, Stalin instituted the Berlin Blockade, preventing food, materials and supplies from arriving in West Berlin. The United States, the United Kingdom, France, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and several other countries began a massive «airlift», supplying West Berlin with food and other supplies.

The Soviets mounted a public relations campaign against the Western policy change. Communists attempted to disrupt the elections of 1948, preceding large losses therein, while 300,000 Berliners demonstrated for the international airlift to continue. In May 1949, Stalin lifted the blockade, permintting the resumption of Western shipments to Berlin.

After the Soviet occupation of Eastern Europe at the end of World War II, the majority of those living in the newly acquried areas of the Eastern Bloc aspired to independence and wanted the Soviets to leave.

Taking advantage of the zonal border between accupied zones in Germany the number of GDR citizens moving to West Germany totaled 187,000 in 1950. 165,000 in 1951. 182,000 in 1952, and 331,000 in 1953.

One reason for the sharp 1953 increase was fear of potential further Sovietization, given the increasingly paranoid actions of Joseph Stalin in late 1952 and early 1953.

The fall of the Berlin Wall is a symbol of the Cold War in post-World War II Europe. The Wall separated East and West Berlin for 28 years, and it illustrated the gap between two political ideologies; Capitalism and Communism.

On Saturday 9 November, Berlin will celebrate the 30th anniversary of the peaceful revolution and the fall of the wall.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.
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Russia marks National Unity Day on 4 November as a replacement for Soviet-era commemorations of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution

Russia is a big country, but like many other countries, it also has a dark side; The Communists. Lenin killed Tsar Nicholas II and his family and stole the country. A story most of the Russians aren`t proud of. The Communists was the worst terrorist organization ever. What they did was big crime.

The abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on 15 March 1917 as a result of the February Revolution ended 304 years of Romanov rule, establishing the Russian Republic under the Russian Provisional Government in the lead up to the Russian Civil War.

In 1918, the Tsar and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks and the 47 surviviors of the House of Romanov`s 65 members went into exile abroad. (If you are interested in that story you can watch it on Netflix).

Putin are interested in the history of the Tsar family called Romanov and want to celebrate what they started hundreds of years ago. What Lenin and his army did was crime and that is nothing to celebrate.

That`s why Putin in 2005 created Unity Day, also called Day of People`s Unity or National Unity Day in Russia which is a national holiday held on November 4.

It commemorates the popular uprising which expelled Polish-Lithuanian occupation forces from Moscow in November 1612, and more generally the end of the Time of Troubles and turning point of the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618).

The day`s neme alludes to the idea that all classes of Russian society united to preserve Russian statehood when there was neither a tsar nor a patriarch to guide them. In 1613 tsar Mikhail Romanov instituted a holiday named «Day of Moscow`s Liberation from Polish Invaders».

It was celebrated in the Russian Empire until 1917, when it was replaced with a commemoration of the Russian Revolution.

Unity Day was reinstitued by the Russian Federation in 2005, when the events of the year 1612 have been celebrated instead of those of 1917 every November 4 since. The day is also the feast day of the Russian Orthodox icon of Our Lady of Kazan.

The holiday replaced the Day of Accord and Reconciliation, established by former President Boris Yeltsin following the collapse of the Soviet Union, which was itself a replacement for Revolution Day. Huh….what a mess.

President Vladimir Putin reestablished the holiday in order to replace the commemoration of the October Revolution, known as the Day of Great October Socialist Revolution during Soviet period and as the Day of Accord and Conciliation in post-Soviet times, which formerly took place on November 7.

Putin`s decision angered some sections of the public, particularly the Communist Party, who continued with celebrations on November 7. Putins`s predecessor, Boris Yeltsin took a limited action of changing the name of the holiday, by completely removing it. It goes back and forth.

So, after Lening and his criminal gangsters killed the Romanov family and overthrow the centuries -old monarchy, Russia emerged from a civil war in 1921 as the newly formed Soviet Union. The World`s first Marxist-Communist state. It became one of the biggest and powerful nations in the world until it collapsed in 1991.

The United Socialist Soviet Republic (U.S.S.R), was made up of 15 Soviet republics; Ukraine, Uzbekistan, Armenia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Latvia, Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Russia, Moldova, Rajikistan and Turkmenistan. They were occupying nearly one-sixth of Earth`s land surface.

Radical Leftists revolutionaries overthrew Russia`s Tsar Nicholas II and ended centuries of Romanov rule and that was the beginning of the Russian Revolution in 1917. The Communists called the Bolsheviks established a socialist state.

The civil war started and it was a war between the Communists and the Capitalists. The Red Army was backed by the Bolshevik government. They defeated the White Army backed by a large group of monarchists, capitalists and supporters of other forms of socialism.

The Bolshevik`s had a secret police called Cheka in a periode known as Red Terror. They carried out a campaign of mass execution against supporters of the czarist regime and against Russia`s upper classes.

But Lenin past away in 1924 and Joseph Stalin came to power. The dictator ruled by terror with a series of brutal policies, which left millions of his own citizens dead. Stalin transformed Soviet Union from an agrarian society to an industrial and military superpower.

Stalin had a lot of plans, and focused on collectivizing agriculture and rapid industralization. Before World War II, Stalin enforced the collectivization of the agricultural sector. Rural peasants were forced to join colective farms.

People that owned land or livestock were stripped of their holdings, and hundreds of higher-income farmers, called kulaks, were executed and their property confiscated. The Communists believed that consolidating individually owned farms into a series of large state-run collective farms would increase agricultural productivity. But the opposite was true.

The productivity dropped and this led to a devastating food shortages. Millions died during the Great Famine of 1932-1933. The U.S.S.R denied the Great Famine in many years.

The Ukrainian famine (Holodomor) is also known as «starvation» and «to inflict death,» claimed the lives of nearly 4 million people. That`s 13 percent of the population. At that time, it was many protesters, and like other Communists in this world, the dictator didn`t like that.

Stalin eliminated all opposition to his leadership by terrorizing Communist Party officials and other public through his secret police. This is how a totalitarian policestate is working.

600,000 Soviet citizens were executed during the height of Stalin`s terror campaign known as the Great Purge between 1936 and 1938. Millions of people in Soviet were deported, or imprisoned in forced labor camps, also known as Gulags.

Soviet defeated Nazi-Germany at the end of World War II, but Americans and British feared the spread of communism into Western Europe and worldwide. So what did they do?

In 1949, the United States, Canada and its European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). They formed an alliance between countries of the Western bloc and NATO was a political show of force against the U.S.S.R and its allies.

The Communists didn`t like that, so the Soviet Union in 1955 consolidated power among Eastern bloc countries under a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact, and that started the Cold War.

The Cold War would persist in varous forms until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, and it was a power struggle waged on political, economic and propaganda fronts between the Eastern and Western blocs.

But Stalin past away in 1953, and Nikita Khrushchev rose to power. He became Communist Party secretary in 1953 and premier in 1958. This is the man John F Kenndy had a lot of meeting with. Why? Khrushchev installed nuclear weapons just 90 miles from Florida`s coast in Cuba. He instigated the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962.

Khrushchev made a lot of refoms that made Soviet society less repressive. He criticized Stalin for arresting and deporting opponents and took steps to raise living conditions, freed many political prisoners, lossened artistic censorship and closed Gulag labor camps in a time called de-Stalinization.

Deteriorating relations between the Soviet Union and neighboring China and food shortages across the U.S.S.R eroded Khrushchev`s legitimacy in the eyes of the Communist party leadership. Members of the Communist Party removed Khrushchev from office in 1964.

Later on, another communist party politician rose to power. Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985. He introduced two sets of policies he hoped would reform the political system and help U.S.S.R become a more prosperous and productive nation. These policies were called Glasnost and Perestroika.

Glasnost was a plan for political openness. It adressed personal restrictions of the Soviet people. Glasnost eliminated remaining traces of Stalinìst repression, such as banning of books. Newspapers could criticize the government, and parties other than the Communist Party could participate in elections.

Perestroika was a plan for economic restructuring. Soviet Union began to move toward a hybrid communist-capitalist system. (This system is more like the system we see in China today). The communists created a committee called Politburo. They would still control the direction of the economy, but the government would allow market forces to dictate some production and deveopment decisions.

Gorbachev came to power only 6 years before Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. It started in the 1960`s when the Communists Party elite gained wealth and power while millions of average Soviet citizens face starvation. Soviet citizens didn`t have basic needs such as clothing and shoes.

The divide between the extreme wealth of the Politburo and the poverty of Soviet citizens created a backlash from younger people who didn`t like the Communist Party`s ideology as their parents had. On top of that, Soviet faced foreign attack on the economy.

President Ronald Reagan isolated the Soviet economy in the 80`s from the rest of the world and helped drive the oil prices down to the lowest level. When the gas revenue dropped, the U.S.S.R began to lose its hold on Eastern Europe.

Gorbachev`s reforms didn`t work well and did more to hasten the collapse of the Soviet Union than to help it. They started to lose control over the Soviet people and that was the beginning of a new movement in the Soviet satellites of Eastern Europe.

In 1989, a political revolution started in Poland and that spread to other countries that led to the toppling of the Berlin Wall. On Saturday it is 30 year since the destruction of the wall that divided Berlin physically and ideologically from 1961 to 1989.

By the end of 1989, the U.S.S.R had come apart at the seams. An unsuccessful coup by Communist Party hard-liners in August 1991 sealled the Soviet Union`s fate by diminishing Gorbachev`s power and propelling democratic forces, led by Boris Yeltsin to the forefront of Russian politics.

In 1991, Boris Yeltsin rose to power, and served ass the president of Russia until 1999. Though a Communist Party member for much of his life, he came to believe in both democratic and free market reforms, and played an instrumental role in the collapse of the Soviet Union.

Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was the first freely elected leader in Russia`s 1,000-year history. He became well known for railing against corruption and fired hundreds of lower-level functionaries.

Gorbachev`s Glasnost and Perestroika program had hoped to change but not destroy the Soviet Union, but he resigned on December 25, 1991, and 6 days later the Soviet Union officially dissolved and was replaced by a political weak Commonwealth of Independent State that Yeltsin had established along with his counterparts in Ukraine and Belarus.

With the Soviet Union out of the way, Yeltsin eliminated most price controls, privatized a slew of major state assets, allowed for the ownership of prive property and otherwise emraced free market principles.

Under his watch, a stock exchange, commodities exchange and private banks all came into being. As president, Yeltsin broke from his Soviet predecessors by generally supporting freedom of the press, permitting public criticism and letting Western popular culture seep into the country.

After surviving impeachment proceedings, Yeltsin disbanded the communist-dominated parliament in September 1993 and called for elections to a new legislature.

A new man came to power. Vladimir Putin rose to power when Boris Yeltsin announced his resignation on December 31, 1999. Yeltsin handed off power to Putin, his chosen successor and the last of his prime ministers, who granted him immunity from prosecution. Since 1 January 2000, Vladimir Putin has been Russia`s president. And he is very popular.

Putin is considered to be the most powerful leader in the world and his Unity Day is the beginning of a new era in Russia. Unity Day calls for tolerance between various ethnic and religious groups in the Russian Federation.

The Romanov family was backed by the Orthodox Church and so are Vladimir Putin. Lenin and his terrorist group of Communists killed thousands of priests and burned and bombed hundreds of churches in Russia. We can now see what values Putin stands for.

There are some pople that don`t like Putin, but they are few. And they are Nationalists. On the Unity Day they are marching in Moscow and it`s called «Russian Marches.» But the Nationalist marches have been losing popularity in recent years. Last year, only 400 people turned up and that is down from 25,000 in 2011.

Unity Day, held on November 4, was established in 2005 by President Vladimir Putin as a replacement for Soviet-era commemorations of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Hong Kong falls into recession

The freedom-fighters continue to protest against the Communists in China, but it isn`t cheap. The Hong Kong economy shrank 2,9 percent YoY in the third quarter of 2019. They`re on the way down to recession for the first time since the third quarter of 2009.

The economy is declining while the government spending are growing at a faster pace. What a toxic mix. Government spending increased 5,3 percent while fixed investment declined 16,3 percent. Private consumption shrank 3,5 percent and exports of goods fell 7 percent.

The freedom-fighters in Hong Kong have used masks for months now, but today they celebrated Halloween. But the Hong Kong police fired tear gas into the crowd of masked Halloween protersters.

People in Hong Kong need to know that the rest of the world is supporting them, and everybody in this world must ask themselves what the value of money is compared to freedom? Readers of Shinebull.com know that money is worthless. Freedom isn`t.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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China`s success is driven by the U.S investment but America`s days of helping rebuild China are over

Some “smart” journalists reported to the world that Trump was a moron because of his tax cuts. How in the world can he afford to do that, the journalists said. Trump is the right man at the right place at the right time. Americans voted for the right man and the party.

We all know that the U.S economy is very strong and what Trump have done so far at the White House have boosted the economy. Pence said in a speech yesterday that the U.S has the strongest economy in the history of the world.

Not only that. Trump is also the first president to actually stand up to Communist China. “President Trump understands the Chinese like no president understood them, and he`s very good at dealing with gangsters,” former activist jimmy Lai said. Now, Beijing and Washington are working to resolve their differences.

Pence said he hoped the U.S could make a deal with China very soon. But he also said that America`s days of helping rebuild China are over. The Communists has been growing fast since the dot-com-bubble in 2000, and Pence said most of their success is driven by the U.S investment in China.

At the same time; the U.S deficit with China has grown fast too. How fair is that? The Communist China are growing fast while the U.S trade deficit with China are growing faster. Huh…

Trump have many times said that the U.S have rebuilt China over the past 25 years. But those days are over. History will show that president Donald Trump have changed that narrative forever.

“No longer will America and its leaders hope that economic engagement alone will transform Communist China`s Authoritarian State into a open and free society, that respects private property, the rule of law and international rule of commerce,” Pence said in his speech.

Instead, he said, “president Trump now recognizes China as a strategic and economic rival.”

Over the past year, president Trump have taken bold action to correct the failed policys of the past. All the strengthens America. All this to set America`s relationship on a fair and constructive course. All this for the good of both nations. And the rest of the world.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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China`s growth is the weakest since 1992 and the pace of global economic activity remains weak as well

The worlds fastest-growing region is slowing and show sign of a darkening global outlook. Just look at Chinas Q3 growth. It`s the weakest growth in 28 years. The Chinese economy advanced 6% YoY in Q3 2019 and that is the weakest since 1992.

China have a trade tension with the U.S, weakening global demand and alarming off-balance-sheet borrowings by local governments. IMF said on Friday that the growth can get worse, but Japanese Finance Minister Taro Aso said «All policy tools must e used to achieve sustainable growth.»

In its World Economic Outlook report on Tuesday, the IMF cut its economic growth forecast for the Asia-Pacific region to 5,0% for this year and 5,1% for 2020, and that is the slowest pace of expansion since the global financial crisis.

A faster-than-expected slowdown in Chinas economic growth could also generate negative spillovers in the region, as many Asian countries have supply chains closely tied to China, the IMFs Rhee said.

The IMF slashed China`s growth forecast to 6,1% for this year and 5,8% for 2020, pointing to the impact from the trade conflict and tighter regulation to address excess debt. But China is not alone.

The pace of global economic activity remains weak, and after slowing sharply in the last three quarters of 2018, momentum in manufacturing activity, in particular, has weakened substantially, to levels not seen since the global financial crisis.

Rising trade and geopolitical tensions have increased uncertainty about the future of the global trading system and international cooperation more generally, taking a toll on business confidence, investment decisions, and global trade.

A natable shift toward increased monetary policy accommodation, through both action and communication, has cushioned the impact of these tensions on financial market sentiment and activity, while a generally resilient service sector has supported employment growth.

To strengthen resilience, policymakers should address financial vulnerabilities that pose risks to growth in the medium term.

Making growth more inclusive, which is essential for securing better economic prospects for all, should remain an overarching goal.

A positive cheerleader like Trump is the right man to reach that goal. Not the Media-Mob-Clowns talking about recession ever day. What is Trump doing for his country? What about the Media Mob?

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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