Category Archives: Politics

Google is a success story and the European Commission fined them a record $2,7 billion today

Google is a success story and the company is up over 40% since June last year. The company is well-known for its search engine which is the best in the world. Some people in this world doesn`t like this success and one of them is the European Commission.

The European Commission have received many complaints from competitors who claimed that Google abused its search market dominance to give its own business an advantage over other retailers. This is a clear picture of the relationship between Europe and the U.S right now.

 

 

“What Google has done is illegal under EU antitrust rules. It denied other companies the chance to compete on the merits and to innovate. And most importantly, it denied European consumers a genuine choice of services and the full benefits of innovation,” European Competition commissioner Margrethe Vestager said in a statement.

The European Commission has been working on this case for over seven years, and the action came after complaints from rivals such as Yelp, TripAdviser, UK price comparison site Foundem, News Corp and lobbying group FairSearch.

This is not the first time the European Commission has attacked a U.S company. Last year they attacked Apple, and at that time, Commissioner Margrethe Vestager, in charge of competition policy said: “Member States cannot give tax benefits to selected companies.

This is illegal under EU state aid rules. The Commission`s investigation concluded that Ireland granted illegal tax benefits to Apple, which enabled it to pay substantially less tax than other businesses over many years. In fact, this selective treatment allowed Apple to pay an effective corporate tax rate of 1% on its European profits in 2003 down to 0,005% in 2014.”

Apple has their own tax structure in Europe, which is Apple Sales International and Apple Operations Europe. Both are two Irish incorporated companies that are fully owned by the Apple group.

In 2001, the European Commission sent a sternly worded missive to Microsoft. EU accused the software maker of having illegally extended its dominance in operation systems for personal computers (PC`s) into adjacent markets, for tying Windows to programs that play music and videos.

The European Commission said Microsoft was too dominant in the market in 2001. Last year they claimed Google was too dominant in the internet search market. Google were also ruling the smart phone market with their Android system, which will be their next problem.

EU regulators in Brussels fined Google a record $2,7 billion today, ruling that the search-engine giant violated antitrust rules for its online shopping practices, and this is the largest doled out by Brussels.

Google disagreed with the EU action.

«We respectfully disagree with the conclusions announced today (Tuesday).We will review the (European) Commissions decision in detail as we consider an appeal, and we look forward to continuing to make our case,» Kent Walker, Googles Senior vice-president and General Counsel, said in a statement today.

It doesnt stop here. Next time, Brussels will attack Googles Android mobile operating system, which is a case that could potentially be the most damaging for Google.

Theodore Roosevelt led a populist party in 1912, and Ralph Nader campaigned against the power of large corporations such as auto companies. Now, 105 years later, EU is doing the same.

 

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Posters are important but Social Media Platforms has become a dominant player to grab seats and win elections

It`s a big surprise for many to see how the Labour Party has stolen seats from the Conservatives. How in the world did that happen? Is is a great campaign? John McDonnell, the shadow chancellor, said: «This campaign has changed the nature of political discourse in this country.

Jeremy Corbyn has run a fantastic campaign.»

The partys success saw it almost completely wipe out the Tories in London and more than double majorities in seats that were previously considered marginal. Lets take a closer look at the finest pre-election propaganda.

 

 

Margaret Thatcher initially rejected this famous poster from 1978. She said to the art director: «You know perfectly well that you should never have the other side`s name in your own poster!» The art director explained that it was a double entendre.

«Well, it cant be very good because I dont get it!» Thatcher said.

Labour`s Denis Healey called it a «fraud» when he learned that the people in the dole queue were in fact members of Hendon Young Conservatives. The controversy ran for weeks. The art director estimated that the furore earned the equivalent of £5m in free publicity.

It was a start of a long and largely fruitful marriage between the Tories and the Saatchis, helping the party win the next four elections and the agency grow into a global behemoth.

 

 

This poster is from 1992. «Its a kill or get killed in this game,» Jeremy Sinclair told Tory campaign chief Shaun Woodward at that time. Woodward explained that new PM John Major didnt want to run a negative campaign.

«Thats fine, if you dont mind losing,» Sinclair retorted. Tory wonks calculated the spending pledges in Labour`s manifesto as costing £35bn. Sinclair «basically divided it by the number of taxpayers in Britain».

The mathematics might not have been the most rigorous but it allowed the Saatchi team to produce the most notable poster of the campaign, which would define the entire agenda leading up to polling day.

 

 

Labours ad men had always felt one step behind their brutal and relentless counterparts at Saatchis. But Blair recruited Trevor Beattie, the creative master behind the Wonderbra «Hello Boys» poster and French Connections FCUK campaign, and soon Labour were beating the Tories at their own game.

«This will be the most iconic image of this election,» Beattie told Tony Blair as he unveiled the poster depicting Tory leader William Hague with Thatcher`s hair at No 10.

Blair was concerned that it was too flippant. But then he started to laugh. «Youve just shown why it works,» labours communications chief Alastair Campbell told him. «Because if its funny, its fine. People look at it and smile but it makes a powerful negative point.»

 

 

Posters will always be important because if you cant get your message across in five or six words then, chances are, you message isnt righ in the fist place,» says Jeremy Sinclair. This time around, the Saatchi team managed to do it in no words at all.

This is the best poster of the campaign so far. Expressing a clear and powerful message in a single, compelling image. Whether the fear of an SNP/Labour coalition is really the high-salience issue that the best ads usually focus on is questionable.

 

The latest Labour campaign poster of the 2017 General Election has been ridiculed on social media because it shows Theresa May «grabbing» seat in the party`s northern heartlands. The poster is titled «Tories are holding Britain back».

The poster shows the arm of what appears to be Mrs May, complete with a blue bracelet, holding onto the upper right hand corner of England, with Labour`s slogan suggesting that the Prime Minister and the Tories have «held Britain back long enough».

The poster has left many people on Twitter feeling confused. Some people have suggested that Mr Corbyn pulled out of the poster launch because he realised it was not very good. Some said on Twitter that the poster suggested the UK wanted to move closer to the U.S with the Tories stopping if from doing so.

The poster was created by Krow Communications which the party hired to take the lead on its advertising and communications campaigns. Posters has played a very important role in a party`s campaign, but the world has changed. Social Media Platforms has become a dominant player to grab seats and win elections.

 

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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The Labour Party`s leader Jeremy Corbyn is a self-confessed Marxist

Theresa May will have a meeting with her new cabinet today which is a bit angry. The Tory members of Parliament are blaming May for the catastrophic election campaign that cost her party (the Conservatives) their parliamentary majority.

The party that took seats from May and her party was the Labour party, and the man behind that party is Jeremy Corbyn. This is a man who said the Labour Party is ready to serve Britain. Labour`s 9,6% vote swing was its largest since 1945. Who is Jeremy Corbyn?

 

 

Jeremy Bernard Corbyn is born 26 May 1949. He is a British politician who has served as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition since 12 September 2015. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Islington North since 1983.

His parents were peace campaigners who met in the 1930`s at a committee meeting in support of the Spanish Republic at Conway Hall during the Spanish Civil war. While still at school, Corbyn became active in the Wrekin constituency young Socialists, his local Labour Party, and the League Against Cruel Sports.

As a backbench MP Corbyn was known for activism and rebelliousness, frequently voting against the Labour whip, including when the party was in government under New Labour leaders Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

As Labour leader, Corbyn advocates reversing austerity cuts to public services and welfare funding made since 2010, and proposes renationalisation of public utilities and the railways.

A longstanding anti-war and anti-nuclear activist. Corbyn supports a foreign policy of military non-interventionism and unilateral nuclear disarmament. He was the national chair of the Stop the War Coalition and a member of the Socialist Campaign Group until his election as leader of the Labour Party.

In the snap election 2017, Corbyn and his Labour party went to be the second biggest party in parliament, and they increased their shares of the popular vote to 40%, resulting in a gain of 32 seats, and a hung parliament.

In the early 80`s he spoke in a debate, describing a motion calling for greater support for law and order as «more appropriate to the National Front than to the Labour Party».

He worked on Tony Benns unsuccessful deputy leadership campaign in 1981. He was keen to allow former International Marxist Group member Tariq Ali to join the party, despite Labours National Executive having declared him unacceptable, and declared that «so far as we are concerned…. hes a member of the party and hell be issued with a card.

In May 2015 he wrote for the Morning Star, saying that «the Star is the most precious and only voice we have in the daily media»

Corbyn was a campaigner against apartheid in South Africa, serving on the National Executive of the Anti-Apartheid Movement, and was arrested in 1984 while demonstrating outside South Africa House.

In the Main Stream Media (MSM) we can still see articles about people’s own Facade, telling you that you shouldn`t care much about how you look like. Your hair, back, stomach, your wight and so on.

During the BBC`s Newsnight in 1984, Conservative MP Terry Dicks asserted that so-called Labour scruffs (such as Corbyn, who at this time was known for wearing open-necked shirts to the Commons) should be banned from addressing the House of Commons unless they maintained higher standards.

Corbyn responded, saying that: «its not a fashion parade, its not a gentlemans club, its not a bankersinstitute, its a place where the people are represented.

 

 

In 1984 Corbyn and Ken Livingstone were criticised for inviting two convicted Provisional IRA members as well as Gerry Adams and other members of the Irish Republican party Sinn Fèin to Westminster three weeks after the Birmingham hotel bombing, an attack carried out by the IRA that killed five people.

He became known during the 1980s for his work on behalf of the Guildford Four and Birmingham Six, who were eventually found to have been wrongly convicted of responsibility for a series of bombings carried out in England in the mid-1970s by the IRA that killed 28 people.

Corbyn was arrested in 1986 for protesting the trial of a group of IRA members including the Brighton Bomber Patrick Magee. Magee was convicted of murdering five people and the group were convicted of planning a «massive bombing campaign in London and seaside resorts».

In the early 1990s, MI5 opened a file on Corbyn over fears his IRA links meant he could have been a threat to national security. The metropolitan Polices Special Branch was also monitoring Corbyn at the time, and continued to monitor him for two decades over fears he was attempting to «undermine democracy».

According to Andrew Gilligan in The Sunday Times, following research in Irish and Republican archives, Corbyn was involved in over 72 events connected with Sinn Fein, or other pro-republican groups, during the period of the IRA`s paramilitary campaign.

Corbyn supported the campaign to overturn the convictions of Jawad Botmeh and Samar Alami for the 1994 bombing of the Israeli Embassy in London; Botmeh and Alami had admitted possessing explosives and guns but denied they were for use in Britain.

The convictions were upheld by the High Court of Justice in 2001 and by the European Court of Human Rights in 2007.

The left-wing Jacobin magazine described Corbyn as «a figure for decades challenged them (Labour Party elites) from the backbench as one of the most rebellious left-wing members of parliament.»

After members of Islamic State carried out terrorist attacks in Paris in November 2015, Corbyn suggested that the only way to deal with the threat posed by the jihadist group would be to reach a political settlement aimed at resolving the Syrian Civil War.

Speaking at a regional party conference in Bristol on 21 November, Corbyn warned against «external intervention» in Syria but told delegates that Labour would «consider the proposals the Government brings forward.

Corbyn said in a letter that he could not support military action against Islamic State: «The issue (IS) wether what the Prime ministers proposing strengthens, or undermines, our national security… I do belive the current proposal for air strikes in Syria will protect our security and therefore cannot support it.»

Corbyn agreed that Labour MP`s would be given a free vote on air strikes when the issue was voting on two days later. A total of 66 Labour Mps voted for the Syrian air strikes, while Corbyn and the majority of labour Mps voted against.

Following the June 2016 vote to leave the EU, Corby was accused of «lukewarm» campaigning for Britain to stay in the European Union and showing a «lack of leadership» on the issue by several party figures.

Alan Johnson, who headed up the Labour in for Britain campaign said «at times» it felt as if Corbyns office was «working against the rest of the party and had conflicting objectives». Corbyns decision to go on holiday during the campaign was criticised.

In September 2016, Corbyn`s spokesman said Corbyn wanted access to the European Single Market, but there were «aspects» of EU membership related to privatisation «which Jeremy campaigned against in the referendum campaign.

Corbyn has campaigned against Private Finance Initiative (PFI) schemes, supported a higher rate of income tax for the wealthiest in society, and his shadow chancellor proposed the introduction of a £10 per hour living wage.

Corbyn opposes austerity, and has advocated an economic strategy based on investing-to-grow as opposed to making spending cuts. During his first Labour leadership election campaign, Corbyn propsed that the Bank of England should be able to print money for capital spending, especially housebuilding, instead of quantitative easing, which attempts to stimulate the economy by buying assets from commercial banks. He described it as «People`s Quantitative Easing».

Corbyn has been a consistent supporter of renationalising public utilities, such as the now-privatised British Rail and energy companies, back into public ownership. Initially Corbyn suggested completely renationalising the entire railway network, but would now bring them under public control «line by line» as franchises expire.

Corbyn has been vocal on Middle East foreign policy. He is a member of the Palestine Solidary Campaign, campaigning against conflicts in Gaza and what the organisation considers to be apartheid in Israel.

He belive Hamas is «an organisation dedicated towards the good of the Palestinian people,» and said that the British government`s labelling of Hamas as a terrorist organisation is «a big, big historical mistake.»

Corbyn would like to pull the United Kingdom out of NATO, and he is a longstanding supporter of unilateral nuclear disarmament. In April 2014, Corbyn wrote an article for the Morning Star attributing the crisis in Ukraine to NATO.

He said the «root of the crisis» lay in «the drive to expand eastwards» and described Russia`s actions as «not unprovoked». He has said it «probably was» a mistake to allow former Warsaw Pact countries to join NATO.

Corbyn was a proponent of the Venezuela Solidarity Campaign and is a longtime supporter of the Cuba Solidarity Campaign, which campaigns against the US embargo against Cuba and supports Cuban Revolution.

After the death of socialist President of Venezuela Hugo Chàvez Corbyn thanked him on Twitter, saying «He made massive contributions to Venezuela & a very wide world».

 

 

In November 2016, following the death of Fidel Castro, Corbyn said that Castro, despite his «flaws», was a «huge figure of modern history, national independence and 20th Century socialism. Castros achievements were many.» Internal Labour party critics of Corbyn accused him of glossing over Castros human rights abuses.

Corbyn has previously been a left-wing Eurosceptic, and backed a proposed referendum on British withdrawal from the European Union in 2011. Additionally, he accused the EU of acting «brutally» in the 2015 Greek crisis by allowing financiers to destroy its economy.

Despite earlier comments during the leadership campaign that there might be circumstances in which he would favour withdrawal, in September 2015, Corbyn said that Labour would campaign for Britain to stay in the EU regardless of the result of Cameron`s negotiations, and instead «pledge toreverse any changes» if Cameron reduced the rights of workers or citizens.

He also belived that Britain should play a crucial role in Europe by making demands about working arrangements across the continent, the levels of corporation taxation and in forming an agreement on environmental regulation.

In June 2016, in the run-up to the EU referendum, Corbyn said that there was an «overwhelming case» for staying in the EU. In a speech in London, Corbyn said: «We, the Labour Party, are overwhelmingly for staying in, because we belive the European Union has brought investment, jobs and protection for workers, consumers and the environment.»

Corbyn also criticised media coverage and warnings for both sides, saying that the debate had been dominated too much by «myth-making and prophecies of doom».

Jeremy Corbyn admitted his passion for staying in the EU was «seven, or seven and a half» out of ten. He said he voted «Remain» but now says he would respect the results of the referendum if he gains power.

Mays Conservatives got the most votes and the most seats, but no one is calling her a winner, and her survival is in doubt. Meanwhile Corbyns band of supporters is riding a most unexpected wave.

Jeremy Corbin can be the next President. A man who backs higher taxes, nuclear disarmament, and state control of industries. In addition; he has a history of closeness to extremist groups including IRA (Irish Republican Army).

Brexit negotiations will begin on 19 June 2017.

 

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Investors has poured billions of dollars into the European stock market and now they are on the edge again

It is two things to watch out for tomorrow. First of all we have the U.K snap election, and then we have Former FBI Director James Comey who will appear before a Senate panel in his first public testimony since President Donald Trump fired him.

Theresa May shocked the world with her «emergency election», and the decision seems to be very odd. But there is no doubt that this election is all about “Brexit”. Boris Johnson said only May can fix Brexit.

 

 

This is very important to investors as the “Brexit” decision and the outcome of the snap election is a make or break in the market. Take a look at the market. Investors has poured billions of dollars into the European stock market.

The tension is high and there is no secret that someone wants to kill “Brexit”, and if they succeed, the market will crash and burns. The other outcome is when “Brexit” lives which means a huge rally for the rest of this summer.

Investors are on the edge again. The death of “Brexit” could plunge Europe into chaos.

According to BBC, there is a shift in the campaign patterns of both parties after a May U-turn on social care funding. But in the wake of the Manchester and London terror attacks national polling averages have shown that Mays Conservatives retain a solid lead over Corbyns Labour.

Polling average puts Labour 9 points behind the Conservative party. Conservatives 45% and Labour 34%.

May`s majority can be wiped out with a 2 percent swing from the Conservatives to Labour and Labour will gain 10 seats. But we have learned from the polls before “Brexit” last year that the polls in the U.K is not perfect, which means a lot of things can happen.

In addition to the election, we also have the Popes private meeting with Britains top brass. A financial «Fault line» which is worth billions and ready to crack open on June 8. I`m not gonna talk more about that but rather say something about James Comey who will testify on June 8.

This is the first testimony since Hillary Rodham Clinton`s testimony to a House committee investigating the 2012 attacks in Benghazi, Libya. The Benghazi committee hearing came to an end after 11 hours.

Comey will speak to an open hearing of the Senate Intelligence Committee followed by a closed session. The hearing is part of the panel`s probe into alleged Russian meddling in the 2016 election and any possible ties between the Trump campaign and the Kremlin.

Comey was abruptly fired last month while overseeing the FBIs own investigation of alleged Russian interference. The White House has given shifting explanations about Trumps motives for firing Comey.

The administration initially said Trump acted on the Justice Department`s recommendation, though Trump himself later said he would have fired Comey «regardless» and was thinking of the «Russia thing» when he decided to do so.

JUNE 8 IS A GREAT DAY!

 

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

 

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John F. Kennedy`s 100th birthday

John Fitzgerald «Jack» Kennedy could have been 100 years on Monday, but someone wanted it different. John F Kennedy, better known as JFK, was born in Brookline, Massachusetts on May 29, 1917. Hundred years ago.

He died at the age of 46. He was assassinated in Dallas, Texas on November 22, 1963. JFK was an American politican who served as the 35th President of the United States. A member of the Democratic Party.

The murder of JFK changed America. It also changed the world. We can still see a lot of terrorist attacks and assassination attempts and it is not only an attack on a few but an attack on the society. An attack on the democracy.

In the 1960 presidential election, Kennedy narrowly defeated incumbent Vice President and Republican opponent Richard Nixon.

Kennedy served at the height of the Cold War, and much of his presidency focused on managing relations with the Soviet Union. His time in office was marked by high tensions with Communist states.

JFK increased the number of American military advisers in South Vietnam by a factor of 18 over President Dwitht D. Eisenhower. In April 1961, he authorized a failed joint-CIA attempt to overthrow the Cuban government of Fidel Castro in the Bay of Pigs Invasion.

He subsequently rejected plans by the Joint Chiefs of Staff to orchestrate false-flag attacks on American soil in order to gain public approval for a war against Cuba.

In October 1962, U.S spy planes discovered that Soviet missile bases had been deployed in Cuba; the resulting period of tensions, termed the Cuban Missile Crisis, nearly resulted in the breakout of a global thermonuclear conflict.

Domestically, Kennedy presided over the establishment of the Peace Corps and supported the Civil Rights Movement, but he was largely unsuccessful in passing his New Frontier domestic policies.

Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas, Texas, and Lee Harvey Oswald was arrested for the crime, but never went to trial due to his murder by Jack Ruby.

The FBI and the Warren Commission officially concluded that Oswald was the lone assassin, but various groups belived that Kennedy was the victim of a conspiricy.

John F Kennedys father (Joe) was a politican but also a businessman. All four of his grandparents were children of Irish immigrants. Joes business kept him away from the family for long stretches of time, and his ventures were concentrated on Wall Street and Hollywood.

In September 1927, Joe and the rest of his family moved to Bronx, New York. That`s only a few years before the Great depression, but in 1929, the family purchased their home Hyannis Port, Massachusetts, and their winter home in Palm Beach, Florida, later purchased in 1933.

1n September 1935, Kennedy made his first trip abroad when he traveled to London with his parents and his sister Kathleen, but Ill-health forced his return to America in October of that year, when he enrolled late and spent six weeks at Princeton Univerity. He had to leave after two months due to a gastrointestinal illness.

Kennedy tried out for the football, golf and swimming teams and earned a spot on the varsity swimming team. Kennedy also sailed in the Star Class and won the 1936 Nantucket Sound Championship.

In July 1937, Kennedy sailed to France, taking his convertible, and apent ten weeks driving through Europe with Billings. In June 1938, Kennedy sailed overseas with this father and older brother to work at the American embassy in London, where his father was President Franklin D. Roosevelts U.S Ambassador to the Court of St. Jamess.

In 1939, Kennedy toured Europe, the Soviet Union, the Balkans, and the Middle East in preparation for his Harvard senior honors thesis. He then went to Czechoslovakia and Germany before returning to London on September 1, 1939, the day that Germany invaded Poland to mark the beginning of World War II.

As an upperclassman at Harvard, Kennedy became a more serious student and developed an interest in political philosophy. In his junior year, he made the Dean`s List. In 1940, he completed his thesis, «Appeasement in Munich», about British participation in the Munich Agreement.

The thesis became a bestseller under the title «Why England Slept.» In addition to addressing Britain`s failure to strengthen its military in the lead-up to World War II, the book called for an Anglo-American alliance against the rising totalitarian powers.

While Kennedy became increasingly supportive of U.S intervention in World War II, his fathers isolationist beliefs resulted in the latters dismissal as ambassador to the United Kingdom, creating a split between the Kennedy and Roosevelt families.

The United Kingdom and United States have been close allies in numerious military and political conflicts throughout the 20th and 21th centuries including World War I, World War II, the Korean War, the Cold War, the Gulf War, and the War on Terror.

 

(A poster from World War I showing Britannia arm-in-arm with Uncle Sam symbolizing the Anglo-American alliance)

 

Do you think it was a close rase between Bush and Gore? What about Trump and Clinton? You think it was a close race? Take a look at JFK and Nixon. It was a time were the medium of television began to play a dominant role in politics.

Kennedy`s campaign gained momentumm after the first debate, and he pulled slightly ahead of Nixon in most polls. On November 8, Kennedy defeated Nixon in one of the closest presidential elections of the 20th century.

In the national popular vote, by most accounts, Kennedy led Nixon by just two-tenths of one percent (49,7% to 49,5%), while in the electoral Collage, he won 303 votes to Nixon`s 219 (269 were needed to win).

Fourteen electors from Mississippi and Alabama refused to support Kennedy because of his support for the civil rights movement.

Kennedy became the youngest person ever elected to the presidency, though Theodore Roosevelt was slightly younger when he took office after William McKinley`s death in 1901.

John F. Kennedy was sworn in as the 35th president at noon on January 20, 1961. In his inagurational address he spoke of the need for all Americans to be active citizens, famously asking: «Ask not what your country can do for you; ask what you can do for your country.»

He asked the nations of the world to join together to fight what he called the «common enemies of man: tyranny, poverty, disease, and war itself. He added;

“All this will not be finished in the first one hundred days. Nor will it be finished in the first one thousand days, nor in the life of the Administration, nor even perhaps in our lifetime on this planet. But let us begin. In closing, he expanded on his desire for greater internationalism: Finally, whether you are citizens of America or citizens of the world, ask of us here the same high standards of strength and sacrifice which we ask of you.”

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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