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Normandy`s D-Day landing beaches have come to symbolise universal hopes for freedom and peace, and beyond that, for reconciliation

We will never be finish with World War II and the ideology behind it. 6th June 2019 marks the start of the 75th anniversary of the D-Day Landings and the Battle of Normandy and with it, a momentous occasion to celebrate peace, liberty and reconciliation.

Nigel Farage and his supporters is one of the first to celebrate next week because they see it as a victory for democracy. They don`t like EU because it crushes democracy and take decision-making powers away from ordinary people and gives it back to unelected bureaucrats in Brussels.

On 6 June 1944 and during the long summer that followed, men from all over the world came to fight in Normandy to defeat Nazism and re-establish freedom. Normandy will bear the scars of this moment in history for ever and every year we remember and pay tribute to the veterans from America, Britain and Canada to name a few. Keep in mind that Russia also defeated the Nazis.

The Normandy landings were the landing operations on Tuesday, 6 June 1944 of the Allied invasion of Normandy in Operation Overload during World War II. Codename Operation neptune and often referred to as D-Day, it was the largest seaborne invasion in history.

The operation began the liberation of German-occupied France (and later Europe) from Nazi control, and laid the foundation of the Allied victory on the Western Front.

After the German Army invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Soviet leader Joseph Stalin began pressing his new allies for the creation of a second front in western Europe. In late May 1942, the Soviet Union and the United States made a joint announcement that a «…full understanding was reached with regard to the urgent tasks of creating a second front in Europe in 1942.»

However, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill persuaded US President Franklin D. Roosvelt to postpone the promised invasion as, even with US help, the Allies did not have adequate forces for such an activity.

Instead of an immediate return to France, the western Allies staged offensives in the Mediterranean Theatre of Operations, where British troops were already stationed. By mid-1943 the campaign in North Africa had been won.

The allies then launched the invasion of Sicily in June 1943, and subsequently invaded the Italian mainland in September the same year. By then, Soviet forces were on the offensive and had won a major victory at the Battle of Stalingrad.

The descision to undertake a cross-channel invasion within the next year was taken at the Trident Conference in Washington in May 1943. Initial planning was constrained by the number of available landing craft, most of which were already committed in the Mediterranean and Pacific.

At the Tehran Conference in November 1943, Roosvelt and Churchill promised Stalin that they would open the long-delayed second front in May 1944.

Hitler and the Nazis wanted Europe, but they lost. The Allies won and took back their own countries. They celebrated freedom and liberty. Two important things Trump often talks about. He also say that nobody can take control over the United States because they want to rule their own country.

Look at Europe now. Especially after the election were the Brexit-party won big. The Global establishment are often talking about the right-wing partys like «anti-imigrants» or «far-right partys», but that description is false.

They also often put Trump in the same folder as Salvini, Farage, Le Pen and Orban. How can so many experts be wrong? The global elite are doing a big mistake; they are not listening to the voters. The elites are being rejected because they failed, and the fight has just begun. It will intensify next year.

The global elite must start to eccept the fact that the populist conservatives and economic nationalists are on the rise. Just take a look at the «Deep State» in the U.S that rose up before and after Trump`s election. They tried to take him out from the office but failed.

Its fact; the global elites have suffered from their wishful thinking since Trumps inauguration. People in the U.K voted to leave the EU and in the U.S, they voted for Trump. What do you think? Are people in the U.K and the U.S stupid? It remain to see.

On 6 June 2019 at 6pm, the official international ceremony celebrating this major anniversary will take place on Juno Beach and will be attended by many Allied Heads of State.

U.S President Donald Trump, British Prime Minister Theresa May and many other world leaders and dignitaries will all be in Normandy to mark the 75th anniversary.

The French president, Emmanuel Macron is facing criticism for refusing to attend an international ceremony at Normandy`s Juno Beach next week. Instead, he is to take charge of a ceremony in homage to French commandos and Resistance fighters who took part in the Normandy landings in 1944.

In the morning of June 6, Theresa May and Mr Macron will lay the foundation stone of the future British Normandy Memorial, commemorating the 22,442 troops under British command who died in the summper of 1944 during fierce fighting as the Allies invaded France.

Later he will join Donald Trump at the American ceremony at Colleville-sur-Mer. At Omaha Beach, Mr Macron will award the Legion of Honour, France`s highest distinction, to five American veterans aged between 94 and 100.

Louis Mexandeau who is 87 years old, is a former minister for veterans, and he said: «We had hoped that France would honour in the appropriate manner the sacrifice of tens of thousands of Allied soldiers.»

We will all honor and pay tribute to our fallen heroes. The men who landed on D-Day, leading to victory in Europe in World War II.

A rich and unprecedented programme of events will be put together to bring the memory of this tragic period of world history to life, all while emphasizing the spirit of hope. The anniversary will be commemorated with military parades, firework displays, airdrops, giant picnics, conserts and military camp re-enactments.

Normandy`s D-Day landing beaches have come to symbolise universal hopes for freedom and peace, and beyond that, for reconciliation.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of the Communist Party Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Euro Zone is a Danger Zone. It has always been like that and seems like it won`t be any better. 1995 is not long time ago. It sounds like a movie when we hear the story about Bosnian town of Srebrenica were 8,000 muslim were murdered and buried in mass graves.

And worst of all; A military commander is behind the worst atrocity since World War II. The UN Hague tribunal sentenced former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic to life in prison for genocide and other crimes. This is unbelievable.

 

The conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina resulted in a mass grave with about 100,000 people, and that is a huge crime against the humanity. The court also convicted Mladic (74) for violating the rules of war. The crimes wouldn`t be committed as they were, the court said.

“The crimes committed were among the most heinous known to human kind,” Judge Alphons Orie said at the International Criminal Tribunal on Wednesday.

Mladic is not alone. Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is another one with war-crimes and the potential for reigniting disputes remains high.

This is all about the nations that emerged from Yugoslavia with ethnic lines by five wars. They tried to increase regional cooperation with the goal of following other ex-Communist nations into the European Union.

Bosnia-Herzegovina were annexed by pro-Hitler Croatian puppet state in 1941. Thousands of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies were sent to death camps.

From 1945 – 1991, Bosnia is part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).

SFRY was the Yugoslav state in southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.

It was a socialist state and a federation governed by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia with Belgrade as its capital. In addition; it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia: Kosovo and Vojvodina.

The SFRY tracks back to 26 November 1942 when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People`s Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the disposal of King Peter II thus ending the monarchy.

The new communist government originally sided with the Eastern bloc under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito at the beginning of the Cold War, but the SFRY pursued a policy of neutrality after the Tito-Stalin split of 1948, and it became one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, rising ethnic nationalism in the late 1980`s led do dissidence among the multiple ethnicities within the constituent republics. With the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, inter-republic talks on transformation of the federation also failed and led to recognition of their independency by some European states in 1991.

This led to the federation collapsing along federal borders, followed by the start of the Yugoslav Wars and the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992.

Two of its republics, Serbia and Montenegro, remained within the reconstituted Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but the union was not recognized internationally as the official successor state to the SFRY.

Following a number of violent incidents in early 1992, the war is commonly viewed as having started on 6 April 1992. The same day that the United States and European Economic Community (EEC) recognised Bosnia and Herzegovina. (There is debate over the start of the Bosnian War).

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Following the collapse of Communism in 1991, nationalists win first multiparty elections and form coalition.

A crisis emerged in Yugoslavia as a result of the weakening of the confederation system at the end of the Cold War. In Yugoslavia, the national communist party, the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, was losing its ideological potency.

Meanwhile, ethnic nationalism experienced a renaissance in the 1980`s after violence broke out in Kosovo, while the goal of Serbian nationalists was the centralisation of Yugoslavia, other nationalities in Yugoslavia aspired to the federalization and the decentralisation of the state.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a former Ottoman province and has historically been a multi-ethnic state.

The war was part of the breakup of Yugoslavia, following the Slovenian and Croatian secessions from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991, the multi-ethnic Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This was rejected by the political representatives of the Bosnian Serbs, who had boycotted the referendum. Following Bosnia and Herzegovinas declaration of independence (which gained international recognition), the Bosnian Serbs, led by Radovan Karadzic and supported by the Serbian government of Slobodan Milosevic and the Yugoslav Peoples Arma (JNA), mobilised their forces inside Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to secure ethnic Serb territory, then war soon spread across the country, accompanied by ethnic cleansing.

Events such as the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre later became iconic of the conflict.

2,2 million were displaced. 20,000 women were raped, and 100,000 killed during the war.

People with inside information said Serbia waged war in Bosnia. Serbian strongman was Slobodan Milosevic who died in 2006. Mladic was arrested 15 years after he went into hiding following the fall of Slobodan Milosevic.

Bosnia-Herzegovina is deeply divided nations with three truths about the same war. Bosnia is one of the poorest nations in Europe and three ethnic groups are making them a crippled state with a complicated power structure.

They are also divided by religion were Bosnia is home to 3,517 million people were 50% of them are muslims, 31% Serbs and 15% Croats.

Pakistan defied the UN`s ban on supply of arms and airlifted missiles to the Bosnians Muslims, while after the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, NATO intervened in 1995 with Operation Deliberate Force targeting the positions of the Army of the republica Srpska, which proved key in ending the war.

The war brought to an end after the signing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Paris on 14 December 1995.

This is the most devastating conflict in Europe since the end of World War II.

Is it over now? Why do some people talk about a silent civil war in Europe right now?

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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“Hitler is alive” is a conspiracy fact

We heard about it a few years ago but many didnt belive it. Hitler faked his own death and fled to South America. He and his wife didnt die after World War 2. He lived a peaceful life in Argentina.

What you have heard until now at school is that Hitler and his wife committed suicide whilst hiding out in a bunker at the en of World War 2. It was the end of evil terror and the case was closed. That was a big lie. We have to rewrite the history.

Nazi-Conspiracy-Adolf-Hitler-Alive-Argentina-CIA-Files-Open-Declassified-World-War-2-Reich-1121169

(Secret classified document from CIA. Phillip Citroen, a former German SS trooper, stated that Hitler is still alive)

 

Now we have some great evidence that says: Hitler faked the whole thing and was alive. Everything is revealed by the CIA and ex-CIA agent, Bob Baer. In an interview, Baer said: «The narrative the government gives us is a lie. What we are doing is reexamining history, history that we thought was settled that Hitler died in the bunker. But the deeper we get into it, its clear to me we dont have any facts for it.»

Conspiracy theorists often said Hitler was alive and that he survived World War 2, despite him officially being recorded dead by the Allies. Russian authorities also claimed Hitler was still alive.

Officially, the Red Army closed this case and said Hitler shot himself and then his body was burned by Soviet soldiers. Western-led investigations suggest the Führer is dead, despite alleged sightings recorded by the CIA and FBI.

In the JFK documents you can see declassified CIA files reveals that Hitler escaped war-torn Germany and lived a peaceful life in the beautiful foothills of the Andes Mountains. He lived in Argentina many years after World War 2.

A man called Citroen is said to have been in contact with Hitler once a month in Colombia, and the CIA documents reads: «Citroen» also stated Hitler left Colombia for Argentina around January, 1955.

So, if CIA knew that Hitler was alive, why didn`t they take him to the court? «Citroen» said that more than ten years have passed since the end of World War 2, and the allies could no longer prosecute Hitler as a criminal of war.»

It`s odd to see that Hitler is reported in the JFK documents, but it can be because of the fight against Communism. It is no doubt that Nazism and Fascism is evil but right after the end of World War 2, a new problem occurred; Communism.

Warren Commission said Lee Harvey Oswald was the lone gunman that killed JFK, but the Zapruder film prove another thing. You can clearly see it in the Oliver Stone film called «JFK» from 1992. In other words: LBJ had a big cover up.

The magic bullet came from the front. Not from the back were Oswald was. When the shot hit Kennedy, his head goes backward and to the left, which means the bullet came from the front. Actor Kevin Costner explain this in the court in Stone`s movie. A great movie that cover this JFK case well.

In the same movie, you can also see that Oswald only days before the assassination is doing a Communist propaganda. Oswald was a self-proclaimed Marxist/Leninist since adolescence who defected to the USSR in 1959 on his own initiative, offering to trade on his military expertise with the Marines.

Oswald`s ideal of a Soviet utopia was immediately soured by bureaucratic indifference, causing Oswald to adopt revolutionary Marxism as opposed to institutionalized Leninism, perhaps inspired by som Cuban students he befriended while living in Minsk.

By the time Oswald and his Russian-born wife Marina leave the USSR in June 1962, Oswald sees in the Castro revolution a truer form of socialism – one not corrupted by Soviet Communist Party Officials and their perks.

Oswald was very active in defending Castro through debating on radio. Oswald tried to infiltrate some anti-Castro elements, perhaps to gather intelligence to impress Havana. All this effort turned out to be for nothing when Oswald was rejected at the Cuban embassy in Mexico City in early October.

Oswald was a complex person. One part of him was ant-Castro, the other part was pro-Castro. His friends like the one who murdered him, Club owner Jack Ruby, was anti-Communists and right-wing activists, closely linked to FBI, the CIA and U.S Naval Intelligance.

Many of them was strange friends like Jack Ruby, David Ferrie, Clay Shaw, Guy Banister and George de Mohrenschildt. So, Oswald created a public persona for himself as a leftist agitator when he returned to the U.S.

In New Orleans, he set up his own Fair Play For Cuba Committee without the authorization of the national headquarters og the organization which was based in New York City. He was the only member of his committee. Although broke, Oswald hired two men to help him distribute his handbills.

Conspiracy theorists claim Oswald was a “patsy” because they wanted people to belive that he was pro-Russian and pro-Castro. It was just a part of the game.

Oswald had a girlfriend from Russia and spent a lot of time there. In Texas, Oswald and his family were befriended by members of a right-wing Russian emigè community.

The CIA documents is evidence and documents people have waited for in 75 years. The document is available via the CIA`s own archives site.

 

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Therese Johaug took 3,5 gram of Trofodermin on her lips and CAS extended a ban from 13 to 18 months

Last year, the Norwegian cross-country skier Therese Johaug tested positive for banned substance called Clostebol which is contained in the sunburn cream called Trofodermin. The Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS) extended a ban imposed on the Norwegian skier on tuesday.

The ban came out yesterday, and it is extended from 13 to 18 months.

 

 

Doctor Bendiksen said Johaug took 3,5 gram out of 30 gram of Trofodermin and non of them saw the doping brand on the other side of the package. That sound a little bit strange, but if it was a box of pills, this case would have been very different.

A pill is something you put inside your body but a suncream is something you put outside of your body. That`s probably why they were both “sleeping”. Who is thinking that a suncream can be harmful for the body?

What would you do in this case? Would you scrutinize the package before you took the suncreem on your lips? No, I don`t think so. In other words; we are talking about “bona fide”.

Johaug`s doctor takes all the responsibility for the case, but according to CAS, Johaug is responsible for everything she takes. Johaug find the ban unfair and totally undeserved, and said “I am aware of my responsibility as a performer for medicine I use.”

Johaug is one of the best. She won gold in the 4 x 5 km relay at the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver. She won her first individual gold medal in the 30 km mass start race at the 2011 World Championships in Oslo.

At the 2013 World Championships she won her second individual gold medal in the 10 km freestyle race. At the 2014 Winter Olympics in Sochi, she won the silver medal in the 30 km mass start.

Another winner is Norway`s Martin Johnsrud Sundby who has been stripped of his 2015 Tour de Ski and 2014/2015 overall World Cup titles after the CAS upheld an appeal by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) against him and the International Ski Federation (FIS).

The three-time overall World Cup champion was penalized for twice exceeding the amount of Sulbutamol, also known as albuterol and a «standard therapy against asthma symptoms.» Based on WADA rules, the maximum amount that is allowed to be inhaled is 1600 micrograms over 24 hours.

Sundby axceeded those limits on December 13, 2014 in Davos, Switzerland and January 8, 2015 in Toblach, Italy. Samples was analyzed by WADA.

“While the medication is normally applied by a handheld metric dose inhaler (MDI), the athlete used a nebulizer to administer the prescribed salbutamol for the treatment of his asthma, which requires a higher labelled dosage than the MDI and thereby exceeded the allowed maximum dose,” FIS stated in its press release.

“The FIS Doping Panel had therefore found that the athlete had not committed an anti-doping rule violation when he used a nebulizer as a legitimate means to administer salbutamol instead of a metric dose inhaler (MDI).”

Therefore, the athlete had a higher dose because of the need to use a nebulizer which requires a Therapeutic Use Exemption (TUE). When the tests were conducted in December 2014 and January 2015, the athlete was not in possession of a TUE and therefore found guilty of an anti-doping rule violation.

We need to use the term “bona fide” in this case too.

WADA appealed the FIS Doping Panels decision, made Sept 4, 2015, which defended Sundby. The CAS upheld WADAs appeal and, effective July 11, 2016, sanctioned Sundby for two months.

In both cases, there are doctors involved and in both cases you can clearly see that the doctors is nothing you can rely on.

Another winner is Lance Armstrong. An American former professional road racing cyclist. He is the 1993 professional world champion, and won the Tour de France a record seven consecutive times from 1999 to 2005.

In 2012, he was banned from sanctioned olympic sports for life as a result of long-term doping offenses. As part of those sanctions, all results going back to August 1998, including his seven Tour wins, were voided.

A United States Anti-Doping Agency investigation concluded that Armstrong had used performance-enhancing drugs over the course of his career and named him as the ringleader of «the most sophisticated, professionalized and successful doping program that sport has ever seen.

Lance Armstrong chose not to contest the charges, citing the potential toll on his family. He has declined to testify about the full extent of his use of the drugs.

Armstrong`s great-grandfather was the son of Norwegian immigrants. He started his sporting career as a swimmer at the City of Plano Swim Club. He won the Iron Kids triathlon at the age of 13. He was ranked number one triathlete in the 19-and-under group in 1987-1988. He is the 1993 World Champion.

There is no doubt; Armstrong is a winner without any drugs and it started very early. Just like Usain Bolt.

For me, it is very interesting to see that Lance Armstrong had a resting heart rate of 32-34 beats per minute (bpm) with a maximum heart rate of 201 bpm. This is exactly what I had in my latest test in the 90`s. So I know who I am.

I know very well how it is to have that heart rate, so my question is: was it necessary with all this drugs? I dont know how much better you are with all this kind of drugs, but wouldnt Armstrong win without it?

You cant take a pill and think you can win Tour de France. Its not that easy. We have seen people with drugs coming in far away from top three. World Champion Chess player Magnus Carlson is not the best chess player because he take some drugs.

You still have to exercise, be strong and smart. And you have to exercise in many, many, many years. Many of the winners started as kids.

I started as a football player in Rosenborg FC when I was 8 years old. Later on the same year I started to play ice hockey. Further on, I got my first racer bicycle from my mother when I was 12. I went on a ride the same day and my mother was shocked when I told her that I have been on a 70 kilometer (43,5 miles) long ride.

Look at Usain Bolt. Also he started very early. He said; «When I was young, I didnt really think about anything other than sports», and by the age of 12, he became the schools fastest runner over the 100 metres distance.

He is an eight-time Olympic gold medalist and the first person to hold both the 100 meters and 200 meters world records since fully automatic time became mandatory. He also holds the world record as a part of the 4 x 100 metres rely.

He is the reigning Olympic champion in these three events. Because of his dominance and achievements in sprint competition, he is widely considered to be the greatest sprinter of all time. What`s wrong with that?

We all know there is a black problem in the U.S, but so far, I havent heard something negative about Usain Bolt. It was different 80 years ago, and that takes me back to Hitlers Germany and a moment that stands above others: Jesse Owen`s performane at the 1936 Berlin Olympics.

A black man destroyed the theory of Aryan physical supremacy by winning four gold medals.

The Fuhrer was so horrified by Owenss trumph, he stormed from the Olympic stadium and didnt shake Owen`s hand, as he did with every other medalist. President Franklin Roosevelt never congratulated Owens or invited him to the White House either.

Owens was also witness to the U.S Olympic team`s decision to replace two Jews on its relay squad with two African-American runners. The Americans were accused of acquiescing to Nazi demands not to humiliate them by letting Jews beat them as well as blacks.

After the Olympic Games, Owens was forced to declare bankruptcy and no one was offering him a job. Later on he briefly toured with a twelve-piece jazz band under contract with Consolidated Artists, but found it unfulfilling.

By the time he died, Owens was financially comfortable. Presidents and governments in America and beyond were competing to honour him as a symbol of athletic wonder and of opposition to fascism.

Chris Froome won the Tour de France for the 4th time this year and he is the second in the list of most Tour titles. Jacques Anquetil, Eddy Merckx, Bernard Hinalt and Miguel Indurain have all five wins. Lance Armstrong has seven, so Chris Froome can take more gold in the tour in the years to come.

Some people have to realize that some people are better than others. Its about DNA. Your DNA is not the same as mine. So? Im a talented cyclist but I could never win a fight against Mike Tyson. I simply don`t have the skills. But I would have crushed Tyson in cycling.

We are all talented people and your skills is a gift to you from God. Your job is to find it. We are all born winners but have different skills.

What is your skills?

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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200 years since the battle of Waterloo

People in Europe has hated each other in thousands of years. Today, it is 200 years since the battle of Waterloo. The date was Sunday, 18 June, 1815. Some people say this was the early start of NATO, because allied forces at this time was British, Scottish, Flemish, Irish, Welsh, Walloon, German, Belgium and Dutch soldiers.

After 1815, the norm for the British arms has been coalitions. From Crimea in the 1850`s to the World War I and II, and wars on Iraq, Libya and Afghanistan.

«It`s a historical distortion: Britain could not defeat Napoleon without the aid of continental partners,» Charles Esdaile, a military historian at the University of Liverpool said.

 

1024px-Andrieux_-_La_bataille_de_Waterloo
(Picture: Clèment-Auguste Andrieux’s 1852 The Battle of Waterloo)

 

They all thwarted the attempts of European domination by the French general and emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. The battle in Waterloo was the start of the end of the Napoleonic Wars, which started in 1803 and ended in 1815. 5 million people were killed.

Napoleon`s army consisted of around 69,000 men; 48,000 infantry, 14,000 cavalry, and 7,000 artillery with 250 guns. Welligton`s troops consisted of 67,000 men; 50,000 infantry, 11,000 cavalry, and 6,000 artillery with 150 guns.

The author of Les Miserables, Victor Hugo, said the battle in Waterloo wasn`t a battle. He said: «Waterloo is not a battle; it is the changing face of the universe.»

Historians say Waterloo laid the groundwork for NATO and the United Nations, and only 36% of Welligton`s army were British. Winston Churchill mentioned «united nations» as the famous global organisation and it paved the way for the U.K to become a global power.

Prussia had 50,000 soldiers, and became a part of Germany later on.

French had long been the world`s superpower. Who knows that France have been one out of three to be the world`s superpower in 500 years? The Vienna Treaty started right after the battle of Waterloo, and the U.K got territorial possessions (South Africa, Trinidad and Sri Lanka).

The U.K used this base to control its vast colonial empire.

Britain didn`t have much competition until the U.S emerged as a superpower during the World War II. The demand for American products increased during the Napoleonic Wars, as the European industry was hit hard during the war and their demand for products declined.

The Anglo-American War in 1812 combined with the British and French blockades disrupted the trade, and the battle heralded an age of German nationalism, and later on to World War II. The Prussian state created nationalism which formed the new German Empire after 1870.

The nationalism escalated and led to the hyper-nationalism which again led to the Nazi Party and the Third Reich.

This formed the future of the European Union.

Napoleon wanted a single state in Europe and the battle in Waterloo was a battle between different ideologies. Napoleon wanted to control Europe. He wanted to establish a European empire under his dictatorship since 1804.

But the allies wanted something different. The Allies won over France and Napoleon`s concepts such as Napoleon`s French Revolutionary Empire and Holy Roman Empire before it.

But Napoleon is not the only one to try to take control over Europe, and we can see the same idea of a pan-European state today, which is exactly 200 years since the battle in Waterloo. Many people in Europe doesn`t like the idea and do not buy the new ideology.

The Congress of Vienna declared Napoleon an outlaw on 13 March, 1815. Four days later, the U.K, Russia, Austria and Prussia mobilised armies to defeat Napoleon.

Napoleon attacked the allies in the hope of destroying them before they could join in a coordinated invasion of France with other members of the coalition. Napoleon was defeated after a few hours, and the coalition forces entered France and restored King Louis XVIII to the French throne.

Napoleon abdicated, eventually surrendering to Captain Maitland of HMS Bellerophon, part of the British blockade, and was exiled to Saint Helena where he died in 1821.

About 100 years later (1920), Adolf Hitler came to the power in the German Nazi Party.

 


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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication. UA-63539824-1.

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