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The communist party coup took place in Kabul on April 28, 1978

Afghanistan is a beautiful country, and only a few decades ago, people in Kabul were singing and dancing to live music and had fun. Kabul was probably much better than European countries. So, what in the world went wrong in Afghanistan?

Afghanistan had cinemas, restaurants and hotels, and people who lived in Kabul four decades ago describes it as romantic and better than Europe. They have high mountains and the weather is often sunny. It`s one of the best countries in Asia.

But something happened. Someone took the country.

In the 1960`s the King and the Queen opened up the country to the world after centuries of isolation. They also enabled women to partisipate in public life. They became feminists without even knowing what it was all about.

In 1964, according to the constitution, women also got the right to wote. Everything was fine and there was no segregation between men and women. Kabul was a modern city. People were dressed like Western people. They were listening to Western music and thought the Western style was the right thing for them.

People were poor but very happy, but then a lot of tourists came in to Kabul. And suddenly, it was time for a «hippy» era. Just like the West. Hippy music. Hippy fitness. A hippy style society. Tourists went to historical places to see Buddah.

But then, something happened.

A Western-style protest movement started in Afghanistan. Students began talking about Revolution. They talked about Communism and women`s rights. They said it should be more equality between men and women. Nor should it be discrimination.

Kabul became more and more like the Western world, but some people didn`t like that. And that was people in Pedesaan were 80 percent of the population live. Afghanistan had a conflict going on.

Pedesaan was way ahead of the modern city Kabul, and people didn`t like the changes. People in Pedesaan was more conservative and people were following tribal traditions and the teachings of Islam.

Women were isolated and could be forced to mirrage with someone they didn`t love. The Muslims were worried about the progress in Kabul. The problem at that time is that people were sleeping. They didn`t see the real problem. And the problem was their own «class difference.»

In the early 70`s, the first Islamic organisation was founded. Their goal was to protect their traditional lifestyle. It was the birth of the political Islamism in Afghanistan. This is the era were people in Afghanistan became divided in two groups.

Left and Right.

Communists on the left side, and Islamists on the right side.

The Islamist movement were blaming Communists, and Communists were blaming Islamists and the problems escalated. No one were able to guide the people and a blamegame started istead of keeping the great value of national unity among the people.

To everybody`s surprise; the communists managed to take power. First in 1973. It was a coup and they overthrow the monarchy. And now, the country became a republic with its first ever president.

Mohammed Daoud Khan became a President of Afghanistan from 1973 to 1978. Mohammed was a cusine of the former King, but in 1978, the communists desided that their time has come and seized power for themselves.

In just one night, they killed Daoud Khan and 23 members of his family. The communists called the bloody take over «april revolution.» (this is the same mindset as the Leninist communist in Soviet when they killed the Romanov family in their communist revolution).

The communist party coup took place in Kabul on April 28, 1978.

The new government tried to form the country into a new communist country thru radical reforms. People in Kabul had red flags and the communists took all oppositions. The communists first target were Muslims. (this is similar to the CCP today).

The communists arrested you if you were praying. You would also go to jail. This time was the most brutal time of the history of the country. Thousands of people was taken and all of the disappeared.

The communists took teachers that talked about religion. Many of them were dropped by a plane. Isamic activists started to build activist groups in 1979 and one of them was a group called Mujahideen (fighters of the holy was).

This revolution is an Islamic revolution, Islamist Party Leader Gulbuddin Hekmatyar said. Their goal was to establish a pure Islamic system in Afghanistan. Freedom and liberation of Afghanistan.

In Moscow, former Second Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, Leonid Brezhnev was worried. Afghanistan was a nabouring communist state, and a successful Islamic revolution could send a dangerous message to the 50 million Muslims in the USSR.

Brezhnev dicided to send in troops in December 27, 1979. and that was the beginning of a long and expensive war that led to bankruptsy.

10,000 prisoners were released in one day. For some it was hard to find back to their own family members. Afghanistan was under forign occupation.

Afghanistan changed like never before. People were leaving because it was not their country anymore. Others were chanting «allahu akbar» at night, and thousands were protesting on the streets.

The Communists in Soviet Union supported the brutal communist regime in Afghanistan and that wasn`t music for the people. The resistance among the people were growing and they distrubuted papers at night and wrote on the walls; Long live Islam.

In the United States, they were quick to react to the Soviet offensive.

Afghanistan became the new epicenter of the Cold War.

US President Jimmy Carter said in a speech that the Soviet invation was an extremely threat to peace. Carter also said that Soviet now can control much of the world`s oil supply.

Washington started to support Mujahideen with money and weapons.

US National Security Advisor Zbigniew Brezezinski appeared to Afghanistan`s religion pride in 1980 when he visited Pakistan. One day, he said, you will take your country back because God is on your side.

The communists had big problems to fight back against the Mujahideen guerillas. The only place the communist had control was in Kabul. The communist government said no to women education. No freedom for women. So, women was used as a political tool. But people didn`t like it at all.

The Mujahdin used terrorist attacks in Kabul to destabilise the society. It was too dangerous to be there, so 3 million went to Pakistan or Iran to join their Muslim brothers. Peshawar near Islamabad in Pakistan became a hotspot of resistance.

They got the weapons they needed in Pakistan. And a Sudi also set up a camp there. His name was Osama Bin Laden. He recruited and supported all foriegn fighters from all over the Arab world to join the Afghan jihad. Radical Islam spread in the refugee camp. They started to brainwash the children and they are the one who became Taliban.

The countries that were involved trained conservative people and made monsters to get rid of the USSR. But the biggest problems was to know who the civilians and who the enemies was.

The war in Afghanistan was very expensive for the USSR, and in 1986, Mikhail Gorbachev desiced to withraw his troops. He said; «Counterrevolution and imperialism have turned Afghanistan into a bleeding wound.

We should like, in the nearest future, to withdraw the Soviet troops stationed in Afghanistan.» They took the troops out of Afghanistan in 1989.

People in Afghanistan were so happy. Finally, the USSR are going back home. And the people was feeling free. They won the war.

But, a lot of things happened. It wasn`t over.

The communist government still had control over Kabul, and was the final obstacle to become an Islamic republic. In other words; the war was not yet over. On April 24, 1992, The Mujahideen took control over Kabul.

It was a critical moment were the Mujahideen took over the presidential palace. The dream to become an independent Isamist state was on the way to be fulfilled. But instead, other groups of people started to fight against each other to take back the control. A new civil war started. Everybody was fighting against everybody.

Instead of confronting each other, they used civil women and child as tools in a brutal war. The fighters could have killed each other but they killed civilans instead.

Now, Kabul was stigmatized. Isolated from the rest of the world. Deserted by Westerners. The British embassy was closed. The US embassy was closed. The French embassy was also closed.

«My feeling is that the UN and the Western powers were interested in Afghanistan as long as we fought against the USSR. Against communism. It was a common enemy. Then their interest completely disappeared. They abandoned us,» Mujahideen Commander Ahmad Shah Massoud said back then.

Many different groups of people were fighting against each other but nobody knew why they were fighting. It`s between commanders they said. They attacked civilians and especially woman. They raped them and cut of their breasts.

In 1994, a new force emerged; The Taliban. An Arabic name for «students.» many of them came from Quran-schools. The Taliban promised to restore peace, order and morality. They had massive support from Pakistan. Many of them were grown up in refugee camps in Pakistan.

When Taliban came, they were welcomed by the people in Afghanistan. Finally, someone who wants to restore peace, order and morality. People thought that Taliban will take over the country and everything will be fine again. People supported them.

The Taliban took Kabul on September 27, 1996.

The Taliban changed Afghanistan repidly. The banned alcohol, films and all forms for entertainment. They smashed all Televisions on the streets. The Taliban ended the civil war and made peace.

But, they also took people`s freedom. What is peace without freedom?

Women suffered the most. They were fobidden to study or work. Girls were banned from school. They closed all the schools after the Islamic revolution. It was very sad for the kids, because the couldn`t learn to read and write.

The Taliban send people to the mosque and ban people from going out because these all are Islamic laws. They hunted all the women in Afghanistan. Why are you doing this? Why are you doing that? And so on. If someone say it is extremist, so be it, Taliban said.

Afghanistan became a hotpad for Islamic fundamentalism and it was under the Taliban protection that Osama Bin Laden returned to the country after a long war against the USSR. Osama Bin Laden founded the terrorist network Al-Qaeda to carry out a global jihad.

One of the attacks is said to be September 11. President Bush started a new war in Afghanistan. A few weeks after the attack on twin towers, the British and US soldiers attacked Al Quada leaders and their training camps.

The end of the Taliban regime ended on November 13, 2001.

People in Afghanistan was happy. Now, they are free. Taliban is gone and the United States will bring peace and freedom to Kabul and Afghanistan. Finally. People could go back to school again. Women could start to work again. They were free.

On a NATO command, 52 countries were placed in Afghanistan and in 2003, people voted for a new government. They tried to establish a new democracy. They were working hard to develop a new constitution.

December 17, 2003 – Constitutional Convention.

Millions of dollars were sent to Afghanistan to rebuild the country and establish a new democracy. But the money came into the pockets of the war lords who had, once again, returned to power. Rich people built supermarkets and houses like the one in Europe. Poor people remained poor.

Corruption started to emerge and new conflicts was rising. Corruption to access education, health care, jobs and justice. That alone has huge impact on the election and the politics.

Taliban recruited new members and prepared a new comeback. Despite the escalating violence, 2014 saw the withdrawal of most international coalition troops. Many aid organizations likewise left the country.

In February 2020, the US signed a peace agreement with the Taliban and announced the complete withdrawl of its troops within 14 months. But the Taliban have subsequently taken advantage of the resulting vacuum and the fragility of Afghan democracy to overrun the country.

The future and security of Afghanistan and its women is once again in jeoparady.

In August 2021, the Taliban overruns nearly all major Afghan cities in just 10 days. On 15 August, they enter Kabul. The Afghan government hands over power to the Taliban.

Afghanistan is the land of endless wars. They fought against Alexander the Great, Djengis Khan and Britain. Now, they are fighting against Taliban. 80 percent of the population is depressed. They have lost their hope and dreams. Does it stop here, and what is the next chapter?

To contact the author: post@shinybull.com

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shinybull.com. The author has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information provided; however, neither Shinybull.com nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities, or other financial instruments. Shinybull.com and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Vladimir Putin issued “stark warning” to NATO and the United States and told the West to back off

Russian President Vladimir Putin spoke to the nation in the annual speech to the Federal Assembly yesterday, as the tension brew at home and abroad. The tension is high in Ukraine, and Putin told the West to back off.

In addition to the tension in Ukraine, Putin see some dissatisfaction at home over stagnating incomes and rising inflation, the coronavirus pandemic, and new sanctions from the U.S.

Putin said that Russia must respond to the challenges of climate change and create a carbon recycling industry. «We need to adapt the housing and utilities system, infrastructure and the agro-industrial complex to climate change, to create a system of strict control over carbon emissions,» he said.

«Greenhouse gas emissions should be lower in Russia than in the European Union over the next 30 years. We cannot allow climate catastrophes like the one in Norilsk.»

When it comes to foreign policy, Putin said «If someone uses an arrogant and selfish tone, Russia will always find a way to defend its position. This is turning into some kind of Sport. Who can say something negative about Russia the loudest?»

«We behave in a restrained, modest manner. Oftentimes we do not respond to outright rudeness; we want to have good relations. We are not looking to burn any bridges.»

But this is more serious and Putin is playing hardball; «I hope no one will think of crossing so-colled «red lines» against Russia, which we ourselves will define in each separate case. Russia`s response will be symmetrical, fast and tough.

The organizers of any provocations threatening our core security interests will regret their actions more than they`ve regretted anything in a long time.»

It seems that everyone is already accustomed to the practice of imposing illegal, politically motivated sanctions, attempts to impose their will on others by force.»

«But now this practice is degenerating into something more dangerous. For example, an attempt to organize a coup in Belarus and an attempt to assassinate this country`s president….The West is silent on this matter.»

«You can have any position on Lukashenko`s policies, but staging a government coup and planning the assassination of a head of state is too much.»

There is no doubt that the tension is very high and that Putin is pretty clear; «Russia once again urges its partners to discuss issues related to strategic weapons, possibly to create an environment of conflict-free coexistence.»

More importantly is what Putin said about demographics; «The demographic crisis of the 1940s is hitting us now. The preservation of the Russian people is our highest national priority. Russia will always defend traditional values that have been forgotten in a number of countries,» Putin said.

When it comes to the economy, Putin said; «The main thing is to ensure the growth of citizens real incomes.»

«The pandemic has exacerbated problems of social inequality and poverty around the world. We are faced with rising prices. It is impossible to rely only on targeted, directive measures. This leads to empty shelves, as was the case in the late 1980s.

Now, even at the peak of the epidemic, we did not allow this. With the help of market mechanisms, it is necessary to ensure price containment. I call on the government to take measures to help low-income families with children by July 1.»

«In Russia, single-parent families will receive a payment of 5,650 rubles ($73) for each child from 8 to 16 years old. We need to help women who are expecting a baby and are experiencing financial difficulties.

It is very important for the expectant mother to feel the support of the state so that she can keep the child. To help women in difficult financial situations who are expecting a child…. I propose a monthly payment of 6,000 rubles ($78) per month.»

«Families with schoolchildren will receive 10,000 rubles ($130) per child. It was impossible to avoid budget cuts last year altogether. To support the creation of new jobs, the state will stimulate businesses.

I`m instructing the government to submit additional measures to support small and medium-sized businesses, including in the tax area, within a month.»

«1,63 trillion rubles will be allocated for civil scientific research in Russia until 2024. Russia must be ready to develop test systems and vaccines within days in case of a new dangerous infection.»

«We must have a reliable shield for sanetary and biological safety. We need to have a full range of vaccine manufacturing capabilities. In the event of a dangerous infection, Russia should be ready within four days to create effective test systems, and as soon as possible our own vaccine. These tasks must be solved by 2030,» Putin said in the speech.

To contact the author: post@shinybull.com

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shinybull.com. The author has made every effort to ensure the accuracy of the information provided; however, neither Shinybull.com nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities, or other financial instruments. Shinybull.com and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Thousands are protesting Trump`s arrival in Europe but they don`t know why they are protesting

Thousands are protesting Trumps arrival in Europe. If you ask some of the protesters why they are protesting, they cant answer because they don`t really know. Whats strange to see is that nobody said something when dangerous dictators visited the U.K.

President Obama smashed all records and deported over 3 million immigrants in eight years. Did someone protest? Do someone know how many wars he started? Do someone know how many bombs he droped? Any protesters? All this from a man who received Nobel Peace Prize after only a few weeks at the White house. But people are protesting against Trump.

Dump Trump, Trump is a Nazi, Trump is a fascist, Trump is a racist, Trump is a sexist, Trump is a baby, Vote him out, Impeach 45, Trump targets children – dont hold his dirty little hands, Trump stinks, Trump hurts women and children, Trojan Trump, Trump will die, Trump is homophobe, Nobody likes you, No Trump - No war. Trump - Not welcome. Choose love. Thats a few of the posters made by the protesters.

What Trump has done with NATO is everything Obama dreamed of. So is it with North Korea`s dictator Kim Jong-un. He negotiated with him and made a deal. He is the first president to do so. He is making America great again. He is making the world a safer place. And people are protesting against him?

A YouGov/ITV Tonight poll released on Thursday last week found there was «broad support» for Trump among Britons. Around 50 percent think the visit should go ahead, compared with 37 percent who think the visit should be canceled. 13 percent said they didn`t know.

The poll is “noticeably higher than in previous YouGov polls that asked about a state rather than a working visit”, YouGov wrote in an analysis.

On Monday, Mr Trump had a summit with Putin, and what is happening? 12 Russians indicted for election hacking. And what a timing. Mr Trump have repeatedly said that there was no collusion, and it seems like Robert Muller has a big problem.

They have had 420 days of the Muller investigation with not one indictment connected to Russia and the Trump campaign. Its all smoke and mirrors. The 12 spies were spying, and thats their job. MSM said the summit with Putin was unsuccessful and that`s the opposite of what Putin said.

Former assistant Secretary of State Robert Charles said the summit with Russian President Vladimir Putin was a success. Trump made history. Again.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of the Communist Party Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Euro Zone is a Danger Zone. It has always been like that and seems like it won`t be any better. 1995 is not long time ago. It sounds like a movie when we hear the story about Bosnian town of Srebrenica were 8,000 muslim were murdered and buried in mass graves.

And worst of all; A military commander is behind the worst atrocity since World War II. The UN Hague tribunal sentenced former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic to life in prison for genocide and other crimes. This is unbelievable.

 

The conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina resulted in a mass grave with about 100,000 people, and that is a huge crime against the humanity. The court also convicted Mladic (74) for violating the rules of war. The crimes wouldn`t be committed as they were, the court said.

“The crimes committed were among the most heinous known to human kind,” Judge Alphons Orie said at the International Criminal Tribunal on Wednesday.

Mladic is not alone. Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is another one with war-crimes and the potential for reigniting disputes remains high.

This is all about the nations that emerged from Yugoslavia with ethnic lines by five wars. They tried to increase regional cooperation with the goal of following other ex-Communist nations into the European Union.

Bosnia-Herzegovina were annexed by pro-Hitler Croatian puppet state in 1941. Thousands of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies were sent to death camps.

From 1945 – 1991, Bosnia is part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).

SFRY was the Yugoslav state in southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.

It was a socialist state and a federation governed by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia with Belgrade as its capital. In addition; it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia: Kosovo and Vojvodina.

The SFRY tracks back to 26 November 1942 when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People`s Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the disposal of King Peter II thus ending the monarchy.

The new communist government originally sided with the Eastern bloc under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito at the beginning of the Cold War, but the SFRY pursued a policy of neutrality after the Tito-Stalin split of 1948, and it became one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, rising ethnic nationalism in the late 1980`s led do dissidence among the multiple ethnicities within the constituent republics. With the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, inter-republic talks on transformation of the federation also failed and led to recognition of their independency by some European states in 1991.

This led to the federation collapsing along federal borders, followed by the start of the Yugoslav Wars and the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992.

Two of its republics, Serbia and Montenegro, remained within the reconstituted Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but the union was not recognized internationally as the official successor state to the SFRY.

Following a number of violent incidents in early 1992, the war is commonly viewed as having started on 6 April 1992. The same day that the United States and European Economic Community (EEC) recognised Bosnia and Herzegovina. (There is debate over the start of the Bosnian War).

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Following the collapse of Communism in 1991, nationalists win first multiparty elections and form coalition.

A crisis emerged in Yugoslavia as a result of the weakening of the confederation system at the end of the Cold War. In Yugoslavia, the national communist party, the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, was losing its ideological potency.

Meanwhile, ethnic nationalism experienced a renaissance in the 1980`s after violence broke out in Kosovo, while the goal of Serbian nationalists was the centralisation of Yugoslavia, other nationalities in Yugoslavia aspired to the federalization and the decentralisation of the state.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a former Ottoman province and has historically been a multi-ethnic state.

The war was part of the breakup of Yugoslavia, following the Slovenian and Croatian secessions from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991, the multi-ethnic Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This was rejected by the political representatives of the Bosnian Serbs, who had boycotted the referendum. Following Bosnia and Herzegovinas declaration of independence (which gained international recognition), the Bosnian Serbs, led by Radovan Karadzic and supported by the Serbian government of Slobodan Milosevic and the Yugoslav Peoples Arma (JNA), mobilised their forces inside Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to secure ethnic Serb territory, then war soon spread across the country, accompanied by ethnic cleansing.

Events such as the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre later became iconic of the conflict.

2,2 million were displaced. 20,000 women were raped, and 100,000 killed during the war.

People with inside information said Serbia waged war in Bosnia. Serbian strongman was Slobodan Milosevic who died in 2006. Mladic was arrested 15 years after he went into hiding following the fall of Slobodan Milosevic.

Bosnia-Herzegovina is deeply divided nations with three truths about the same war. Bosnia is one of the poorest nations in Europe and three ethnic groups are making them a crippled state with a complicated power structure.

They are also divided by religion were Bosnia is home to 3,517 million people were 50% of them are muslims, 31% Serbs and 15% Croats.

Pakistan defied the UN`s ban on supply of arms and airlifted missiles to the Bosnians Muslims, while after the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, NATO intervened in 1995 with Operation Deliberate Force targeting the positions of the Army of the republica Srpska, which proved key in ending the war.

The war brought to an end after the signing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Paris on 14 December 1995.

This is the most devastating conflict in Europe since the end of World War II.

Is it over now? Why do some people talk about a silent civil war in Europe right now?

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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The Labour Party`s leader Jeremy Corbyn is a self-confessed Marxist

Theresa May will have a meeting with her new cabinet today which is a bit angry. The Tory members of Parliament are blaming May for the catastrophic election campaign that cost her party (the Conservatives) their parliamentary majority.

The party that took seats from May and her party was the Labour party, and the man behind that party is Jeremy Corbyn. This is a man who said the Labour Party is ready to serve Britain. Labour`s 9,6% vote swing was its largest since 1945. Who is Jeremy Corbyn?

 

 

Jeremy Bernard Corbyn is born 26 May 1949. He is a British politician who has served as Leader of the Labour Party and Leader of the Opposition since 12 September 2015. He has been the Member of Parliament (MP) for Islington North since 1983.

His parents were peace campaigners who met in the 1930`s at a committee meeting in support of the Spanish Republic at Conway Hall during the Spanish Civil war. While still at school, Corbyn became active in the Wrekin constituency young Socialists, his local Labour Party, and the League Against Cruel Sports.

As a backbench MP Corbyn was known for activism and rebelliousness, frequently voting against the Labour whip, including when the party was in government under New Labour leaders Tony Blair and Gordon Brown.

As Labour leader, Corbyn advocates reversing austerity cuts to public services and welfare funding made since 2010, and proposes renationalisation of public utilities and the railways.

A longstanding anti-war and anti-nuclear activist. Corbyn supports a foreign policy of military non-interventionism and unilateral nuclear disarmament. He was the national chair of the Stop the War Coalition and a member of the Socialist Campaign Group until his election as leader of the Labour Party.

In the snap election 2017, Corbyn and his Labour party went to be the second biggest party in parliament, and they increased their shares of the popular vote to 40%, resulting in a gain of 32 seats, and a hung parliament.

In the early 80`s he spoke in a debate, describing a motion calling for greater support for law and order as «more appropriate to the National Front than to the Labour Party».

He worked on Tony Benns unsuccessful deputy leadership campaign in 1981. He was keen to allow former International Marxist Group member Tariq Ali to join the party, despite Labours National Executive having declared him unacceptable, and declared that «so far as we are concerned…. hes a member of the party and hell be issued with a card.

In May 2015 he wrote for the Morning Star, saying that «the Star is the most precious and only voice we have in the daily media»

Corbyn was a campaigner against apartheid in South Africa, serving on the National Executive of the Anti-Apartheid Movement, and was arrested in 1984 while demonstrating outside South Africa House.

In the Main Stream Media (MSM) we can still see articles about people’s own Facade, telling you that you shouldn`t care much about how you look like. Your hair, back, stomach, your wight and so on.

During the BBC`s Newsnight in 1984, Conservative MP Terry Dicks asserted that so-called Labour scruffs (such as Corbyn, who at this time was known for wearing open-necked shirts to the Commons) should be banned from addressing the House of Commons unless they maintained higher standards.

Corbyn responded, saying that: «its not a fashion parade, its not a gentlemans club, its not a bankersinstitute, its a place where the people are represented.

 

 

In 1984 Corbyn and Ken Livingstone were criticised for inviting two convicted Provisional IRA members as well as Gerry Adams and other members of the Irish Republican party Sinn Fèin to Westminster three weeks after the Birmingham hotel bombing, an attack carried out by the IRA that killed five people.

He became known during the 1980s for his work on behalf of the Guildford Four and Birmingham Six, who were eventually found to have been wrongly convicted of responsibility for a series of bombings carried out in England in the mid-1970s by the IRA that killed 28 people.

Corbyn was arrested in 1986 for protesting the trial of a group of IRA members including the Brighton Bomber Patrick Magee. Magee was convicted of murdering five people and the group were convicted of planning a «massive bombing campaign in London and seaside resorts».

In the early 1990s, MI5 opened a file on Corbyn over fears his IRA links meant he could have been a threat to national security. The metropolitan Polices Special Branch was also monitoring Corbyn at the time, and continued to monitor him for two decades over fears he was attempting to «undermine democracy».

According to Andrew Gilligan in The Sunday Times, following research in Irish and Republican archives, Corbyn was involved in over 72 events connected with Sinn Fein, or other pro-republican groups, during the period of the IRA`s paramilitary campaign.

Corbyn supported the campaign to overturn the convictions of Jawad Botmeh and Samar Alami for the 1994 bombing of the Israeli Embassy in London; Botmeh and Alami had admitted possessing explosives and guns but denied they were for use in Britain.

The convictions were upheld by the High Court of Justice in 2001 and by the European Court of Human Rights in 2007.

The left-wing Jacobin magazine described Corbyn as «a figure for decades challenged them (Labour Party elites) from the backbench as one of the most rebellious left-wing members of parliament.»

After members of Islamic State carried out terrorist attacks in Paris in November 2015, Corbyn suggested that the only way to deal with the threat posed by the jihadist group would be to reach a political settlement aimed at resolving the Syrian Civil War.

Speaking at a regional party conference in Bristol on 21 November, Corbyn warned against «external intervention» in Syria but told delegates that Labour would «consider the proposals the Government brings forward.

Corbyn said in a letter that he could not support military action against Islamic State: «The issue (IS) wether what the Prime ministers proposing strengthens, or undermines, our national security… I do belive the current proposal for air strikes in Syria will protect our security and therefore cannot support it.»

Corbyn agreed that Labour MP`s would be given a free vote on air strikes when the issue was voting on two days later. A total of 66 Labour Mps voted for the Syrian air strikes, while Corbyn and the majority of labour Mps voted against.

Following the June 2016 vote to leave the EU, Corby was accused of «lukewarm» campaigning for Britain to stay in the European Union and showing a «lack of leadership» on the issue by several party figures.

Alan Johnson, who headed up the Labour in for Britain campaign said «at times» it felt as if Corbyns office was «working against the rest of the party and had conflicting objectives». Corbyns decision to go on holiday during the campaign was criticised.

In September 2016, Corbyn`s spokesman said Corbyn wanted access to the European Single Market, but there were «aspects» of EU membership related to privatisation «which Jeremy campaigned against in the referendum campaign.

Corbyn has campaigned against Private Finance Initiative (PFI) schemes, supported a higher rate of income tax for the wealthiest in society, and his shadow chancellor proposed the introduction of a £10 per hour living wage.

Corbyn opposes austerity, and has advocated an economic strategy based on investing-to-grow as opposed to making spending cuts. During his first Labour leadership election campaign, Corbyn propsed that the Bank of England should be able to print money for capital spending, especially housebuilding, instead of quantitative easing, which attempts to stimulate the economy by buying assets from commercial banks. He described it as «People`s Quantitative Easing».

Corbyn has been a consistent supporter of renationalising public utilities, such as the now-privatised British Rail and energy companies, back into public ownership. Initially Corbyn suggested completely renationalising the entire railway network, but would now bring them under public control «line by line» as franchises expire.

Corbyn has been vocal on Middle East foreign policy. He is a member of the Palestine Solidary Campaign, campaigning against conflicts in Gaza and what the organisation considers to be apartheid in Israel.

He belive Hamas is «an organisation dedicated towards the good of the Palestinian people,» and said that the British government`s labelling of Hamas as a terrorist organisation is «a big, big historical mistake.»

Corbyn would like to pull the United Kingdom out of NATO, and he is a longstanding supporter of unilateral nuclear disarmament. In April 2014, Corbyn wrote an article for the Morning Star attributing the crisis in Ukraine to NATO.

He said the «root of the crisis» lay in «the drive to expand eastwards» and described Russia`s actions as «not unprovoked». He has said it «probably was» a mistake to allow former Warsaw Pact countries to join NATO.

Corbyn was a proponent of the Venezuela Solidarity Campaign and is a longtime supporter of the Cuba Solidarity Campaign, which campaigns against the US embargo against Cuba and supports Cuban Revolution.

After the death of socialist President of Venezuela Hugo Chàvez Corbyn thanked him on Twitter, saying «He made massive contributions to Venezuela & a very wide world».

 

 

In November 2016, following the death of Fidel Castro, Corbyn said that Castro, despite his «flaws», was a «huge figure of modern history, national independence and 20th Century socialism. Castros achievements were many.» Internal Labour party critics of Corbyn accused him of glossing over Castros human rights abuses.

Corbyn has previously been a left-wing Eurosceptic, and backed a proposed referendum on British withdrawal from the European Union in 2011. Additionally, he accused the EU of acting «brutally» in the 2015 Greek crisis by allowing financiers to destroy its economy.

Despite earlier comments during the leadership campaign that there might be circumstances in which he would favour withdrawal, in September 2015, Corbyn said that Labour would campaign for Britain to stay in the EU regardless of the result of Cameron`s negotiations, and instead «pledge toreverse any changes» if Cameron reduced the rights of workers or citizens.

He also belived that Britain should play a crucial role in Europe by making demands about working arrangements across the continent, the levels of corporation taxation and in forming an agreement on environmental regulation.

In June 2016, in the run-up to the EU referendum, Corbyn said that there was an «overwhelming case» for staying in the EU. In a speech in London, Corbyn said: «We, the Labour Party, are overwhelmingly for staying in, because we belive the European Union has brought investment, jobs and protection for workers, consumers and the environment.»

Corbyn also criticised media coverage and warnings for both sides, saying that the debate had been dominated too much by «myth-making and prophecies of doom».

Jeremy Corbyn admitted his passion for staying in the EU was «seven, or seven and a half» out of ten. He said he voted «Remain» but now says he would respect the results of the referendum if he gains power.

Mays Conservatives got the most votes and the most seats, but no one is calling her a winner, and her survival is in doubt. Meanwhile Corbyns band of supporters is riding a most unexpected wave.

Jeremy Corbin can be the next President. A man who backs higher taxes, nuclear disarmament, and state control of industries. In addition; he has a history of closeness to extremist groups including IRA (Irish Republican Army).

Brexit negotiations will begin on 19 June 2017.

 

 

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