The nationalist trend continues in Europe. Similar to the United States under president Trump. A poll on Friday last week revealed that Chancellor Angela Merkel`s party CDU dropped from 21,7 percent to «only» 12 percent. What a bombshell.
Only a few days later, we have a new bombshell. This time it is in Ireland were Sinn Fèin are celebrating a historic result. Sinn Fèin won 37 seats which is an increase of 14 on the 2016 election. Fianna Fàil lost 6 seats, but is the largest party with 38 seats. Only one more.
The IRA`s former political wing Sinn Fèin`s leader Mary Lou McDonald said the outcome was «something of a revolution in the ballot box». Sinn Fèin used to be a political wing of the Irish Republican Army (IRA), which fought for Irish unity during the decades-long sectarian conflict known as “the troubles.”
This election has been different from others and the main issues has been housing, healthcare and childcare. The answer to that is the nationalist party Sinn Fèin which is not a left-wing party but a nationalist party. A party more like a pragmatic party according to specialists.
This is a complicated phenomen because the party was changed to Sinn Fèin – The Worker`s Party in 1977 and then to the Workers’ Party in 1982. The party has been closely associated with the IRA. Natable organisations that derived from it include Democratic Left and the Irish Republic Socialist Party.
Before the split with the terrorist organisation IRA in 1969-1970, the Workers’ Party was a Marxist-Leninist political party. But the Marxist outlook became unpopular with many of the more traditionalist republicans, and the party/army leadership was criticised for failing to defend northern Catholic enclaves from loyalist attachs.
(These debates took place against the background of the violent beginning of what would become «The Troubles»).
Mr. Varadkar`s center-right party Fine Gael slumped in opinion polls amid crisis in housing and healthcare. They have been trading power for decades along with another center-right party Fianna Fail. A duopol that is now coming to an end.
Both center-right parties had ruled out an alliance with Sinn Fèin during the campaign, and Mr Varadkar said Sinn Fèin was «not a normal party.»
Sinn Fèin support a policy of «critical engagement with the EU», and have a «principled opposition» to a European superstate. It opposes an EU constitution because it would reduce the sovereignty of the member-states.
It also criticises the EU on grounds of neoliberalism. Sinn Fèin MEP Matt Carthy says the «European Union must become a cooperative union of nation states committed to working together on issus such as climate change, migration, trade, and using our common strengths to improve the lives of citizens.
If it does not, EU disintegration becomes a real possibility.
The phrase «Sinn Fèin» is Irish for «Ourselves» or «We Ourselves».The name is an assertion of Irish national soverignity and self-determination; i.e., the Irish people governing themselves, rather than being part of a political union with Great Britain (England, Scotland and Wales) under the Westminister Parliament.
Sinn Fèin is the largest Irish republican party, and a republican document of the early 1980`s stated: «Both Sinn Fèin and the IRA play different but converging roles in the war of national liberation. The Irish Republican Army wages an armed campaign….. Sinn Fèin maintains the propaganda war and is the public and political voice of the movement.
The British government stated in 2005 that «we had always said all the way through we believed that Sinn Fèin and the IRA were inextricably linked and that had obvious implications at leadership level.»
«This is not a protest vote», leader of Sinn Fèin Mary Lou McDonald said on national TV yesterday. Why people voted for Sinn Fèin is their deep dissatisfaction with the traditional big two parties in Ireland. What people ask for is an alternative party for government. Huh…sounds like AfD in Germany. Another alternative party.
The risk now is a destabilisation of the Good Friday Agreement. The Belfast Agreement is a pair of agreements signed on 10 April 1998 that ended most of the violence of the Troubles. A political conflict in Northern Ireland that had been going on since the 1960`s.
It was a peace agreement between the British and Irish governemtns, and most of the political parties in Northern Irealand, on how Northern Ireland should be governed.
International Holocaust Remembrance Day is an international day on 27 January commemorating the tragedy of the Holocaust that occurred during the Second World War. It commemorates the genocide that resulted in the deaths of 6 million Jews.
But they were not alone. In addition to 6 million Jews, the Nazis killed 11 million others. All this done by the Nazis and its collaborators. On 27 January 1945, Auschwitz-Birkenau, the largest Nazi concentration and death camp, was liberated by the Russian Red Army. That sounds a bit strange because the Russian Red Army was the Communists.
In a second speech at the Yad Vashem World Holocaust Forum last week, where 46 world leaders gathered to mark the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz, Putin highlighted the fact that som 40% of the victims of the Holocaust were Soviet-Jews who were murdered in German-occupied Soviet territories.
Resolution 60/7 establishing 27 January as International Holocaust Remembrance Day urges every member nation of the U.N to honor the memory of Holocaust victims, and encourages the development of educational programs about Holocaust history to help prevent future acts of genocide.
It rejects any denial of the Holocaust as an event and condemns all manifestations of religious intolerance, incitement, harassment or violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origion or religious belief.
Resolution 60/7 and the International Holocaust Day was an initiative of the State of Israel. Minister of Foreign Affairs of the State of Israel Silvan Shalom, was the head of the delegation of Israel to the United Nations.
The essence of the text lies in its twofold approach; one that deals with the memory and remembrance of those who were massacred during the Holocaust, and the other with educating future generations of its horrors.
On 19 January 2008, Ban Ki-Moon said; The International Day in memory of the victims of the Holocaust is thus a day on which we must rassert our commitment to human rights.
We must also go beyond remembrance, and make sure that new generations know this history. We must apply the lessons of the Holocaust to today`s world. And we must do our utmost so that all peoples may enjoy the protection and rights for which the United Nations stands.
6 million Jews were killed, but 11 million others were also killed, but few pay much attention to that. Holocaust Education and Remembrance for Global Justice is a collective action against antisemitism and other forms of bias to ensure respect for the dignity and human rights of all people everywhere.
This is happening 75 years after the end of World War II, but also in a time were there are so much HATE and so much BIAS around the world. How can you get rid of all the hate and bias if you see the worst of it in the media? Among journalists and politicians. If you have it on top, you`ll have at the bottom.
We see religious intolerance, incitement, harassment and violence against persons or communities based on ethnic origion or religious beliefs every day. But something is about to change. For year, people in the U.S didn`t say Merry Christmas. They said; Happy holiday, but that changed in December last year thanks to Trump. A group of Ant-Christ people have risen for years in the U.S. Is that about to change now?
It is a Conservative trend going on. Not only in the U.S but also in some countries in Europe. Prime Minister Victor Orbàn is a member of the Calvinist Hungarian Reformed Church, while his wife and their five children are Roman Catholics.
Right Wing Viktor Orbàn is a defender of Christianity, and he links the persecution of Christians in other parts of the globe to the increasing hostality towards mainstream Christianity in Europe. A «mysterious force seals the lips,» he asserts, not only of politicians in the West to this persecution, but also of most of those in the media. Is there, in fact, as he also believes, an «organized and wide-ranging attack on European culture and civilization»?
He wonders why so much European countries have been targeted by Islamist attack and why other countries have not been targeted at all. Hungary, the host nation for the second World Conference on Persecuted Christians, and still the only nation in the world to have a specific governmental ministry devoted to the assistance of persecuted Christians everywhere, is regularly attacked by the European elites.
Orbàn said in a speech which should be seen as a clarion call for European renewal, stated that the «key» to Hungary`s survival over the last 1100 years was the adoption of Christianity, meaning of course, Catholicism, by the great Hungarian king St. Stephen. This was a «spiritual rebirth and a true conversion.»
One answer or significant piece of evidence to affirm his contention goes back to deliberate omission from the European Constitution of the foundational place of Christianity in the formation of all that is meant by the term «Europe.»
At the time, St. John Paul, and then his successors, pointed out the grave danger this «forgetfulness» would bring to the future of Europe. Both Popes Benedict XVI and Pope Francis have spoken of the «spiritual vacuum» at the heart of secular Europe; a vacuum will eventually be filled and, as the demographics of Europe shift via massive immigration, what will fill the vacuum will be islam.
The curious marriage between radical Islam and the secular liberalism of the elites in Europe is, at least on the surface, difficult to comprehend, but if Orbàn is correct and it is essentially an attack on European culture and civilization, the ugly union becomes more obvious.
On a spiritual level, secularism and radical Islam hate the cross and the victory it signifies. European civilization and culture is, or was, inescapably a Christian culture, and the hatred for that culture and history is almost a hallmark of the left.
The policies of the Orbàn government is to promote family, Christianity, and authentic Hungarian culture which is so relentlessly condemned by the empty vessels who direct the European Union, which is the most hostile agency in Europe towards orthodox Christianity.
«Citadel of Christian freedom,» is leading the way to save European civilization, Budapest spokesperson said, and Hilaire Belloc so prophetically said; «either Europe will return to the Faith or she will perish.»
Victor Orbàn has in recent years postulated a political and state model; it has constructed a Christian democratic state, and this model works with huge success, he said. The model rests on three pillars: the family, the nation and Christian freedom. He said a family is a union between a man and a woman, adding that every child has the right to a father and a mother. He acknowledged steps Hungary`s government has taken to support families, but said there are still too few children being born.
He said nations are supreme and cannot be forced under the laws of any kind of global government. That is an irreplaceable value which must be defended, he added.
We can see the same conservative trend in Poland were the Polish Bishops and President Duda declared Jesus Christ King of Poland. In 2016, the Catholic Bishops of Poland in the presence of President Andrzei Duda and many Catholic pilgrims, officially recognized Jesus Christ as the King of Poland and called upon Him to rule over their nation, its people and their political leaders.
«Immortal King of Ages Lord Jesus Christ, our God and Savior,» they declared at the ceremony, «bowing our heads before you, King of the Universe, we acknowledge Thy dominion over Poland, those living in our homeland and throughout the world. Wishing to worship the majesty of Thy power and glory, with great faith and love, we cry out: Rule us, Christ!»
This is similar to what Trump and his administration stands for; God given rights. It is also the opposite of what the godless Communists in China stands for; nothing above the CCP. But the moral leader of the world must be Putin.
«We are no longer a Christian nation», Obama said to Putin a few year ago. Russian President Vladimir Putin agreed with Obama`s assessment in a 2013 keynote speech, criticizing Western countries for having «moved» away from their roots, including Christian values.»
Putin is a supporter of Christian values and stand side by side with the Orthodox Church in Russia. «Policies are being pursued that place on the same level a multichild family and a same-sex partnership, a faith in God and a belief in Satan. This is the path to degradation,» he added.
So, here we are. 75 years after Auschwitz in Poland. A symbol of terror, genocide and the Shoah. Thousands of years after Jesus was killed by dark forces from Rome. A jewish man who tried to build a stable society with his 10 commandments like; (4) “Honor thy father and mother” and (5) “Thou shalt not kill.”
According to Exodus in the Old Testament, God issued his own set of laws (the Ten Commandments) to Moses on Mount Sinai. In Catholicism, the Ten Commandments are considered divine law because God himself revealed them. And because they were spelled out specifically with no room for ambiguity, they`re also positive law. Hence they`re also known as divine positie law.
The Church doesn`t see the Ten Commandments as arbitrary rules and regulations from the man upstairs but as commandments for protection. Obey them and eternal happiness is yours. Disobey them and suffer the consequences.
On Monday 27 January 2020, 15:30 CET, you can see live broadcast of the 75th anniversary of the liberation of Auschwitz in Poland.
The so-called war on Christmas has been going on for years and many people doesn`t want to say Merry Christmas anymore. «They» will rather say Happy Holiday. But president Trump saved America`s right to speak the words «Merry Christmas» again.
Mr Trump told the conservative student group, Turning Point USA, in a speech on Sunday in Florida. Trump said in 2016 that he promised to fix the issue of «they» attempting to take the word «Christmas out of Christmas.»
Do you remember? «They» were trying to take «Christmas out of Christmas.» «They» didn`t want you to say «Merry Christmas,» president Trump said. But, guess what? We`re saying Merry Christmas again!» Trump said.
A lot of people didn`t say Merry Christmas. «They» said Happy Holiday, and that phrase has been labeled anti-christmas. But who are «they?» It`s people who don`t believe in God, Jesus and religion.
Earlier this year, Notre Dame in France burned down, and the catastrophic fire could have been caused by a burning cigarette. Maybe, but a dozen Catholic churches have been desecrated across France in an egregious case of anti-Christian vandalism and that cannot be caused by a cigarette.
A series of acts of vandalism is seen at churches in Europe for decades, and that cannot be caused by a cigarette. You don`t have to be Einstein to understand that people who believe in God doesn`t want to burn down churches. Anti-christ will.
What we know from history is that Godless Communists have bombed and burned down hundreds of churches and killed priests. We know what Lenin did in Russia 100 years ago. A group of criminal terrorists who almost destroyed Russia, but now president Putin is fixing it.
We also know that «Greven» burned down three churches in Norway and moved to France were he live today. At that time he said he was a racist and a Notional socialist. He was also a member of White Aryan Resistance, but in 2008 he said in an interview that he don`t like Satanism and Nazism anymore.
Psychiatrists said he had defective mental abilities.
«Greven» inspired many people around the world to do they same. After he burned many churches in Europe, some people did the same in California, Texas, Italy and Australia. They all said they did it because they supported his satanic black-metal music.
We have people who believe on one side and those who don`t believe on the other side. But what give people who don`t believe in God to dictate others to stay away from their believes?
If the totalitarian police-state in Communist China find a bibel or coran in your apartment, they will put you in a re-education camp. Maybe torture you. They do not believe in God. There is no religion for them, and you have to do what they say.
In America, you have freedom of religion. You can read the bibel or coran and you can say what you want. There is freedom of speech too.
The so-called War on Christmas has been going on for a while. In 1959, they released a pamphled called «there Goes Christmas», in which they claimed that there was a new communist plot to «take the Christ out of Christmas» by replacing Christmas decorations with United Nations iconography.
Communist governments collapsed across Europe 30 years ago. In mid December (16 – 25 December, 1989), The Romanian Revolution was a period of violent civil unrest in Romania during December 1989 as a part of the Revolution on 1989 that occurred in several countries.
I wrote about the massacre in Tiananmen Square earlier this year. I wrote about the fall of the Berlin Wall. But there were more; Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia and the fall of Europe`s most brutal dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, and that didn`t come peacefully.
Ceausescu had built an empire on his own. The internal Stalinist dynamic did not depend upon Soviet might. The Secret Police were an ever-presented glue that kept Romanian society in place. It was a totalitarian police state with no free speech.
The large numbers of Securitate informers made organized dissent nearly impossible. The regime deliberately played on this sense that everyone was being watched to make it easier to bend the people to the Party`s will. Even by Soviet Bloc standards, the Securitate was exceptionally brutal.
Ceausescu created a cult of personality. During the Cold War, he presided over the most pervasive cult of personality within the Eastern Bloc. Inspired by the personality cult surrounding Kim II-sung in North Korea.
It started with the 1971 July Theses which reversed the liberalization of the 1960`s, imposed a strict nationalist ideology, established Stalinist totalitarianism and a return to socialist realism.
The real beginning of the cult of personality, however, came after Ceausescu visited China and North Korea in 1971. He was particularly impressed by the highly personal way that China`s Mao Zedong and North Korea`s Kim II-sung ruled their countries, as well as the personality cults surrounding them.
A few year later (1986), a propaganda poster on the streets of Bucharest reads «65 years since the creation of the Romanian Communist Party», while in the background it reads «Ceausescu Era» and «The Party. Ceausescu. Romania».
But the Western countries’ support for Ceausescu ended with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev in March 1985, when Ceausescu ceased to be relevant on the world scene and Western countries criticised him for his unwilllingness to implement his own version of perestroika and glasnost.
Ceausescu was a National Communist and his total control over Romania was close to an old-style Stalinist regime. He ended liberalisation and openness and started a trend that accentuated totalitarianism and isolated Romania from the rest of the world.
The Romanian newspapers were silent and also the Berlin state paper didn`t even mention the fall of the Berlin Wall in the first days following November 9, 1989. Reading the Romanian newspapers of November 11, 1989 one would think that nothing earth-shattering had happened.
Instead, Socialism is praised as the «way of the free, independent development of the peoples.» But students knew better. They started the revolution with playcards saying; «We want reforms against Ceausescu government.»
The Romanian Revolution started in the city of Timisoara and soon spread throughout the country, ultimately culminating in the show trial and execution of longtime Communist Party General Secretary Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena.
30 years ago, finally, it was the end of a 42 year rule of the Communist Party in Romania. It was also the last removal of a Marxist-Leninist government in a Warsaw Pact country during the events of 1989, and the only one that violently overthrow a country`s government and executed its leader.
Early protests occurred in the city of Timisoara in mid-December on the part of the Hungarian minority in response to an attempt by the government to evict Hungarian Reformed church pastor Laszlo Tokes.
In July 1989, Tokes had critcised ther regime`s Systematisation policy in an interview with Hungarian television, and complained that Romanians did not even know their human rights.
As Tokes described it later, the interview, which had been seen in the border areas and was then spread all over Romania, had a «shock effect upon the Romanians, the Securitate as well, on the people of Romaina.
It had an unexpected effect upon the public atmosphere in Romaina.
There were no freedom of speech in Romania at that time and the Godless Communists didn`t like Tokes speech, so the government then alleged that Tokes was inciting ethnic hatred. At the behest of the government, his bishop removed him from his post, thereby depriving him of the right to use the apartment to which he was entitled as a pastor, and assigned him to be a pastor in the countryside.
For some time his parishioners gathered around his home to protect him from harassment and eviction. Many passersby spontaneously joined in. As it became clear that the crowd not desperse, the mayor, Petre Mot, made remarks suggesting that he had overturned the decision to evict Tokes.
Meanwhile, the crowd had grown impatient and, when Mot declined to confirm his statement against the planned eviction in writing, the corwd started to chant anti-communist slogans.
Some of the protesters attempted to burn down the building that housed the district committee of the Romaian Communist Party (PCR). The Securitate responded with tear gas and water jets, while police beat up rioters and arrested many of them.
The army failed to establich order, and chaos ensured including gunfire, fights, caualties and burned cars. Transporter Amfibiu Blindate (TAB) armoured personnel carriers and tanks were called in.
The rioters withdrew, but they regrouped eventually around the Romanian Orthodox Cathedral and started a protest march around the city, but again they were contronted by the security forces. As you can see, this is very similar to Hong Kong today.
Nicolae Ceausescu ordered to shoot the demonstrators. He declared a state of emergency throughout the country on national television and radio. The Army and Milita forces refused to shoot at people and took the side of the revolutionaries.
In response, Romanians sought revolution and a change in government in light of similar recent events in neighbouring nations. The country`s ubiquitous secret police force, the Securitate, which was both one of the largest in the Eastern Bloc and for decades had been the main suppressor of popular dissension, frequently and violently quashing political disagreement, ultimately proved incapable of stopping the looming, and then highly fatal and successful revolt.
Social and economic malaise had been in socialist Romania for quite som time, especially during the austerity years of the 1980`s. The austerity measures were designed in part by Ceausescu to repay foreign debts.
Shortly after a botched public speech by eausescu in Bucharest (Romania`s capita city) that was broadcast to millions of Romanians on state television, rank-and-file members of the military switched, almost unanimousy, from supporting the dictator to backing the protesting population.
Riots, street violence and murder in several Romanian cities over the course of roughly a week led the Romanian leader to flee the capital city on 22 December with his wife, Deputy Prime Minister Elena Ceausescu.
Evading capture by hastily departing via helicopter effectively portrayed the couple as both fugitives and also acutely guilty of accused crimes.
Captured in Targoviste, they were tried by a drumhead military tribunal on charges of Genocide (64,000 deatch during their regime), damage to the national economy and abuse of power to execute military actions against the Romanian people.
The were convicted on all charges, sentenced to death, and immediately executed on Christmas Day 1989.
The National Salvation Front quickly took power after Ceausescu was toppled, promising free and fair elections within five months.
Elected in a landslide the following May, the National Salvation Front, reconstituted as a political party, installed a series of economic and democratic reforms, with further social policy changes being implemented by later governments.
Since that point Romania has become far more integrated with the West than its former, albeit tepid, relations with Moscow. Romania became a member of NATO in 2004. They also became a member of the European Union in 2007, but Democratic reforms have proven to me moderately successful.
Ther are still corruption in Romania, and economic reforms continue. Romania also have one of the highest child poverty rates in the developed world. The problem after the revolution in 1989 is that Romaina`s elite remained in power after the communist dictator was executed.
Many argue that the execution of the Ceausescus was a false dawn. The show trial was organised by fellow communists, who twisted a popular uprising into little more than a palace coup and held on firmly to the levers of power.
We know that former communists ran the government for years after the revolution and still sit in the parliament. Former members of the security forces and their families have got rich from privatisation and there has been no justice for the regime`s former victims.
Romania was one of Europe`s few former Soviet blo countries that did not pss a «lustration» law t oban senior communists from holding office in the new government.
There were two groups of people in the revolution. Those shouting «Down with communism», and those only shouting «Down with Ceausescu». It was the second group who created the new poitical order after the revolution in 1989.
No Romanian other than the Ceauseescus has been found guilty of even the smallest role in the communist party`s half-century reign of terror and misery. Until now. In December 2018, Romania`s prosecutor general charged former president Ion Iliescu and two other prominent figures from the National Salvation Front (NSF), the political organization that assumed power after the Ceausescu`s flight from Bucharest, for crimes against humanity.
They are accused of having orchestrated a deliberate misinformation campaign between 22 and 30 December 1989 about the existence of armed supporters of Ceausescu (the so-called «terrorists») and of having allowed dangerous military manoevres in a bid to forment political chaos and ensure control over state institutions.
The Revolution in Romania in 1989 is most famous for Ceausescu`s speech. On the morning of 21 December, Ceausescu addressed an assembly of approximately 100,000 people to condemn the uprising in Timisoara.
Party officials took great pains to make it appear that Ceausescu was still immensely popular. The speech was typical of most Ceausescu`s speeches over the years. Making liberal use of Marxist-Leninist rhetoric, he delivered a litany of the achievements of the «socialist revolution» and Romanian «multi-laterally developed socialist society».
He blamed the Timisoara uprising on «fascist agitators».
However, Ceausescu was out of touch with his people and completely misread the crowd`s mood. The people remained unresponsive, and only the front rows supported Ceausescu with cheers and applause. About two minutes into the speech, some in the crowd actually began to jeer, boo, whistle and yell insults at him, a reaction unthinkable for most of his rule.
Workers from a Bucharest power plant started chanting «Ti-mi-soa-ra! Ti-mi-soa-ra!, which was soon picked up by others in the crowd. In response, Ceausescu raised his right hand in hopes of silencing the crowd; his stunned expression remains one of he defining moments of the end of Communism in Eastern Europe.
He then tried to placate the crowd by offering to raise worker`s salaries by 200 lei per month (about 9 U.S dollars at the time, yet a 5%-10% raise for a modest salary) and student scholarships from 100 to 110 lei while continuing to praise the achievements of the Socialist Revolution.
However, a revolution was brewing right in front of his eyes.
The entire speech was being broadcast live nationwide. Censors attempted to cut the live video feed and replace it with Communist propaganda songs and video praising the Ceausescu regime, but parts of the riots had already been broadcast and most of the Romanian people realised that something unusual was in progress.
Ceausescu and his wife, as well as other officials and CPEx members, panicked; Ceausescu`s bodyguard hustled him back inside the building.
The jeers and whistles soon erupted into a riot; the crowd took to the streets, placing the capital, like Timisoara, in turmoi. Members of the crowd spontaneously began shouting anti-Ceausescu slogans, which spread and became chants; «Jos dictatorul!» (Down with the dictator»), «Moarte criminalului!» (Death to the criminal»), «Noi suntem poporul, jos cu dictatorul!» (We are the People, down with the dictator»).
30 years ago, some people in Germany
were isolated from the rest of the world. They were trapped inside
the Berlin Wall that was a guarded concrete barrier that physically
and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Construction of the Wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) on 13 August 1961. The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.
The Eastern Bloc portrayed the Wall as
protecting its population from fascist elements conspriring to
prevent the «will of the people» in building a socialist state in
East Germany. GDR authorities officially referred to the Berlin Wall
as the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart.
The West Berlin city government
sometimes referred to it as the «Wall of Shame», a term coined by
mayor Willy Brandt in reference to the Wall`s restriction on freedom
of movement. The wall came to symbolize physically the «Iron
Curtain» that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during
the Cold War.
U.S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo
praised Reagan on Friday, saying he «courageously denounced the
greatest threat to that freedom, the Soviet Empire, the evil Empire.»
Reagan held a speech in 1987, but John F Kennedy said «Ich bin ein
Berliner» in a speech in West Berlin, on June 26, 1963.
That speech is widely regarded as the
best-known speech of the Cold War and the most famous anti-communist
Kennedy aimed to underline the support
of the United States for West Germany 22 months after Soviet-occupied
East Germany erected the Berliin Wall to prevent mass emigration to
the West. The message was aimed as much at the Soviets as it was at
Berliners and was a clear statement of U.S policy in the wake of the
construction of the Berlin Wall.
Another phrase in the speech was also
spoken in German, «Lasst sie nach Berlin kommen» (Let them come to
Berlin»), addressed at those who claimed «we can work with the
Communists», a remark at which Nikita Khrushchev scoffed only days
Chancellor Angela Merkel thanked the United States for its support in reunification in a speech on Friday. Kennedy`s speech «Ich bin ein Berliner», and Ronald Reagan`s memorable Berlin sentence from 1987, «Mr. Gorbachev tear down this wall,» as well as Barrack Obama`s speech at the Brandenburg Gate in 2016, are in all German`s memories.
Germany`s capital, Berlin was deep
within the area controlled after World War II by the Soviet Union.
Initially governed in four sectors controlled by the four Allied
powers (United States, United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union).
Tensions of the Cold War escalated
until the Soviet forces implemented the Berlin Blockade, which the
Western allies relieved with the dramatic airlift. Afterward, the
sectors border between East and West was closed everywhere but in
Hundreds of thousands of East Germans
defected to the West via West Berlin, a labour drain that threatened
East Germany with economic collapse.
In 1961, the East German government
under Walter Ulbricht erected a barbed-wire barrier around West
Berlin, officially called the antifaschistischer Schutzwall
(anti-fascist protective barrier).
The East German authorities argued that
it was meant to prevent spies and agents of West Germany from
crossing into East. However, it was universally known as the Berliin
Wall and its real purpose was to keep East German citizens from
escaping to the West.
The Wall closed the biggest loophole in
the Iron Curtain, and Berlin went from being one of the easiest
places to cross from East Europe to West Europe to being one of the
The West, including the U.S., was
accused of failing to respond forcefully to the erection of the Wall.
Officially, Berlin was under joint occupation by the four allied
powers, each with primary responsibility for a certain zone.
Kennedy`s speech marked the first instance where the U.S acknowledged that East Berlin was part of the Soviet bloc along with the rest of East Germany. On July 25, 1961, Kennedy insisted in a presidential address that the U.S would defend West Berlin, asserting its Four-Power rights, while making it clear that challenging the Soviet presence in Germany was not possible.
30 years ago, in 1989, a series of
revolutions in nearby Eastern Bloc countries, Poland and Hungary in
particular, caused a chain reaction in East Germany that ultimately
resulted in the demise of the Wall.
After several weeks of unrest, the East
German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens
could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans
crossed and climbed onto the Wall, joined by West Germans on the
other side in a celebratory atmosphere.
The «fall of the Berlin Wall» paved
the way for German reunification, which formally took place on 3
Some people in Berlin say that they are
more divided today than 30 years ago. It actually started right after
World War II. East Germany differed from West Germany (Federal
Republic of Germany), which developed into a Western capitalist
country with a social market economy and a democratic parliamentary
Continual economic growth starting in
the 1950`s fueled a 20-year «economic miracle». As West Germany`s
eceonomy grew, and its standard of living steadily improved, many
East Germans wanted to move to West Germany.
Today, we can see that it all boil down
to one ting: The richest people in Germany live in the West.
Big companies and high income is
missing in the East were only 36 og Germany`s 500 biggest companies
have headquarters. In 1991, East Germany`s GDP per capita was
equivalent to just 43 percent of that in West Germany, but now it`s
75 percent (2018). According to a poll, most East Germans still feel
like «second class citizens.»
About 2 million people have left the East for the West after the fall of the wall, and two thirds of them were women. The Eastern population is older, poorer and more male. Only two soccer teams out of 18 are from the East. Interestigly, the far-right is doing it better in the East.
It all goes back to Stalin and the
Communists. The German Democratic Republic (GDP, East Germany) was
declared on 7 October 1949. By a secret treaty, the Soviet Ministry
of Foreign Affairs accorded the East German state administrative
authority, but not autonomy. The Soviet permeated East German
administrative, military and secret police structure and had full
The Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD) said schools were «a justifiable
source of pride for the East Germans.» OECD said that while
education system in the former West focused on dividing children into
different ability groups early on, the Eastern system was more
But after the fall of the wall, the
East was eager to do everything in the Western way, even education.
The education system in the East become more unequal. Kids drops out
of school and are worce off in the East than in the West. In West
Germany, people look back at East Germany in a very negative sense.
The West are more conservative and
religious. Politically, Germany is still very divided. Voters in the
former Communist states are voting the far-right AfD.
You can see what the communists have
done to the mindset and the community. We know the story of one of
the founders of Google, Sergei Brin. His parents escaped from Moscow
to the United States. They separated the kids on the school. Brin
couldn`t participate with the other kids in gym and matematics.
Indoctrination of Marxism-Leninism
became a compulsory part of the school curricula, sending professors
and students fleeing to the West. The East Germans created an
elaborate political police apparatus that kept the population under
close surveillance, inluding Soviet SMERSH secret police.
Who wants to live in a hell like this?
The emigrants tended to be young and well-educated, leading to the
brain drain feared by officials in East Germany. They stated «the
flight of the intelligentsia has reached a particularly critical
The loss was disproportionately heavy
among professionals, engineers, technicians, physicians, teachers,
lawyers and skilled workers. The brain drain of professionals had
become so damaging to the political credibility and economic
viability of the East Germany that the re-securing of the German
communist frontier was imperative.
Following World War II, Soviet leader
Joseph Stalin headed a group of nations on his Western border, the
Eastern Bloc, that then included Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia,
which he wished to maintain alongside a weakened Soviet-controlled
As early as 1945, Stalin revealed to
German communist leaders that he expected to slowly undermine the
British position within the British occupation zone, that the United
States would withdraw within a year or two, and that nothing would
then stand in the way of a unified communist Germany within the bloc.
The major task of the ruling communist
party in the Soviet zone was to channel Soviet orders down to both
the administrative apparatus and the other bloc parties, which in
turn would be presented as internal measures.
Property and industry was nationalized
in the East German zone. If statements or decisions deviated from the
described line, reprimands and punishment would ensure, such as
imprisonment, torture and even death.
In 1949, following disagreements
regarding reconstruction and a new German currency, Stalin instituted
the Berlin Blockade, preventing food, materials and supplies from
arriving in West Berlin. The United States, the United Kingdom,
France, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and several other countries
began a massive «airlift», supplying West Berlin with food and
The Soviets mounted a public relations
campaign against the Western policy change. Communists attempted to
disrupt the elections of 1948, preceding large losses therein, while
300,000 Berliners demonstrated for the international airlift to
continue. In May 1949, Stalin lifted the blockade, permintting the
resumption of Western shipments to Berlin.
After the Soviet occupation of Eastern
Europe at the end of World War II, the majority of those living in
the newly acquried areas of the Eastern Bloc aspired to independence
and wanted the Soviets to leave.
Taking advantage of the zonal border
between accupied zones in Germany the number of GDR citizens moving
to West Germany totaled 187,000 in 1950. 165,000 in 1951. 182,000 in
1952, and 331,000 in 1953.
One reason for the sharp 1953 increase
was fear of potential further Sovietization, given the increasingly
paranoid actions of Joseph Stalin in late 1952 and early 1953.
The fall of the Berlin Wall is a symbol
of the Cold War in post-World War II Europe. The Wall separated East
and West Berlin for 28 years, and it illustrated the gap between two
political ideologies; Capitalism and Communism.
On Saturday 9 November, Berlin will celebrate the 30th anniversary of the peaceful revolution and the fall of the wall.