The so-called war on Christmas has been going on for years and many people doesn`t want to say Merry Christmas anymore. «They» will rather say Happy Holiday. But president Trump saved America`s right to speak the words «Merry Christmas» again.
Mr Trump told the conservative student group, Turning Point USA, in a speech on Sunday in Florida. Trump said in 2016 that he promised to fix the issue of «they» attempting to take the word «Christmas out of Christmas.»
Do you remember? «They» were trying to take «Christmas out of Christmas.» «They» didn`t want you to say «Merry Christmas,» president Trump said. But, guess what? We`re saying Merry Christmas again!» Trump said.
A lot of people didn`t say Merry Christmas. «They» said Happy Holiday, and that phrase has been labeled anti-christmas. But who are «they?» It`s people who don`t believe in God, Jesus and religion.
Earlier this year, Notre Dame in France burned down, and the catastrophic fire could have been caused by a burning cigarette. Maybe, but a dozen Catholic churches have been desecrated across France in an egregious case of anti-Christian vandalism and that cannot be caused by a cigarette.
A series of acts of vandalism is seen at churches in Europe for decades, and that cannot be caused by a cigarette. You don`t have to be Einstein to understand that people who believe in God doesn`t want to burn down churches. Anti-christ will.
What we know from history is that Godless Communists have bombed and burned down hundreds of churches and killed priests. We know what Lenin did in Russia 100 years ago. A group of criminal terrorists who almost destroyed Russia, but now president Putin is fixing it.
We also know that «Greven» burned down three churches in Norway and moved to France were he live today. At that time he said he was a racist and a Notional socialist. He was also a member of White Aryan Resistance, but in 2008 he said in an interview that he don`t like Satanism and Nazism anymore.
Psychiatrists said he had defective mental abilities.
«Greven» inspired many people around the world to do they same. After he burned many churches in Europe, some people did the same in California, Texas, Italy and Australia. They all said they did it because they supported his satanic black-metal music.
We have people who believe on one side and those who don`t believe on the other side. But what give people who don`t believe in God to dictate others to stay away from their believes?
If the totalitarian police-state in Communist China find a bibel or coran in your apartment, they will put you in a re-education camp. Maybe torture you. They do not believe in God. There is no religion for them, and you have to do what they say.
In America, you have freedom of religion. You can read the bibel or coran and you can say what you want. There is freedom of speech too.
The so-called War on Christmas has been going on for a while. In 1959, they released a pamphled called «there Goes Christmas», in which they claimed that there was a new communist plot to «take the Christ out of Christmas» by replacing Christmas decorations with United Nations iconography.
Communist governments collapsed across Europe 30 years ago. In mid December (16 – 25 December, 1989), The Romanian Revolution was a period of violent civil unrest in Romania during December 1989 as a part of the Revolution on 1989 that occurred in several countries.
I wrote about the massacre in Tiananmen Square earlier this year. I wrote about the fall of the Berlin Wall. But there were more; Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia and the fall of Europe`s most brutal dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, and that didn`t come peacefully.
Ceausescu had built an empire on his own. The internal Stalinist dynamic did not depend upon Soviet might. The Secret Police were an ever-presented glue that kept Romanian society in place. It was a totalitarian police state with no free speech.
The large numbers of Securitate informers made organized dissent nearly impossible. The regime deliberately played on this sense that everyone was being watched to make it easier to bend the people to the Party`s will. Even by Soviet Bloc standards, the Securitate was exceptionally brutal.
Ceausescu created a cult of personality. During the Cold War, he presided over the most pervasive cult of personality within the Eastern Bloc. Inspired by the personality cult surrounding Kim II-sung in North Korea.
It started with the 1971 July Theses which reversed the liberalization of the 1960`s, imposed a strict nationalist ideology, established Stalinist totalitarianism and a return to socialist realism.
The real beginning of the cult of personality, however, came after Ceausescu visited China and North Korea in 1971. He was particularly impressed by the highly personal way that China`s Mao Zedong and North Korea`s Kim II-sung ruled their countries, as well as the personality cults surrounding them.
A few year later (1986), a propaganda poster on the streets of Bucharest reads «65 years since the creation of the Romanian Communist Party», while in the background it reads «Ceausescu Era» and «The Party. Ceausescu. Romania».
But the Western countries’ support for Ceausescu ended with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev in March 1985, when Ceausescu ceased to be relevant on the world scene and Western countries criticised him for his unwilllingness to implement his own version of perestroika and glasnost.
Ceausescu was a National Communist and his total control over Romania was close to an old-style Stalinist regime. He ended liberalisation and openness and started a trend that accentuated totalitarianism and isolated Romania from the rest of the world.
The Romanian newspapers were silent and also the Berlin state paper didn`t even mention the fall of the Berlin Wall in the first days following November 9, 1989. Reading the Romanian newspapers of November 11, 1989 one would think that nothing earth-shattering had happened.
Instead, Socialism is praised as the «way of the free, independent development of the peoples.» But students knew better. They started the revolution with playcards saying; «We want reforms against Ceausescu government.»
The Romanian Revolution started in the city of Timisoara and soon spread throughout the country, ultimately culminating in the show trial and execution of longtime Communist Party General Secretary Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena.
30 years ago, finally, it was the end of a 42 year rule of the Communist Party in Romania. It was also the last removal of a Marxist-Leninist government in a Warsaw Pact country during the events of 1989, and the only one that violently overthrow a country`s government and executed its leader.
Early protests occurred in the city of Timisoara in mid-December on the part of the Hungarian minority in response to an attempt by the government to evict Hungarian Reformed church pastor Laszlo Tokes.
In July 1989, Tokes had critcised ther regime`s Systematisation policy in an interview with Hungarian television, and complained that Romanians did not even know their human rights.
As Tokes described it later, the interview, which had been seen in the border areas and was then spread all over Romania, had a «shock effect upon the Romanians, the Securitate as well, on the people of Romaina.
It had an unexpected effect upon the public atmosphere in Romaina.
There were no freedom of speech in Romania at that time and the Godless Communists didn`t like Tokes speech, so the government then alleged that Tokes was inciting ethnic hatred. At the behest of the government, his bishop removed him from his post, thereby depriving him of the right to use the apartment to which he was entitled as a pastor, and assigned him to be a pastor in the countryside.
For some time his parishioners gathered around his home to protect him from harassment and eviction. Many passersby spontaneously joined in. As it became clear that the crowd not desperse, the mayor, Petre Mot, made remarks suggesting that he had overturned the decision to evict Tokes.
Meanwhile, the crowd had grown impatient and, when Mot declined to confirm his statement against the planned eviction in writing, the corwd started to chant anti-communist slogans.
Some of the protesters attempted to burn down the building that housed the district committee of the Romaian Communist Party (PCR). The Securitate responded with tear gas and water jets, while police beat up rioters and arrested many of them.
The army failed to establich order, and chaos ensured including gunfire, fights, caualties and burned cars. Transporter Amfibiu Blindate (TAB) armoured personnel carriers and tanks were called in.
The rioters withdrew, but they regrouped eventually around the Romanian Orthodox Cathedral and started a protest march around the city, but again they were contronted by the security forces. As you can see, this is very similar to Hong Kong today.
Nicolae Ceausescu ordered to shoot the demonstrators. He declared a state of emergency throughout the country on national television and radio. The Army and Milita forces refused to shoot at people and took the side of the revolutionaries.
In response, Romanians sought revolution and a change in government in light of similar recent events in neighbouring nations. The country`s ubiquitous secret police force, the Securitate, which was both one of the largest in the Eastern Bloc and for decades had been the main suppressor of popular dissension, frequently and violently quashing political disagreement, ultimately proved incapable of stopping the looming, and then highly fatal and successful revolt.
Social and economic malaise had been in socialist Romania for quite som time, especially during the austerity years of the 1980`s. The austerity measures were designed in part by Ceausescu to repay foreign debts.
Shortly after a botched public speech by eausescu in Bucharest (Romania`s capita city) that was broadcast to millions of Romanians on state television, rank-and-file members of the military switched, almost unanimousy, from supporting the dictator to backing the protesting population.
Riots, street violence and murder in several Romanian cities over the course of roughly a week led the Romanian leader to flee the capital city on 22 December with his wife, Deputy Prime Minister Elena Ceausescu.
Evading capture by hastily departing via helicopter effectively portrayed the couple as both fugitives and also acutely guilty of accused crimes.
Captured in Targoviste, they were tried by a drumhead military tribunal on charges of Genocide (64,000 deatch during their regime), damage to the national economy and abuse of power to execute military actions against the Romanian people.
The were convicted on all charges, sentenced to death, and immediately executed on Christmas Day 1989.
The National Salvation Front quickly took power after Ceausescu was toppled, promising free and fair elections within five months.
Elected in a landslide the following May, the National Salvation Front, reconstituted as a political party, installed a series of economic and democratic reforms, with further social policy changes being implemented by later governments.
Since that point Romania has become far more integrated with the West than its former, albeit tepid, relations with Moscow. Romania became a member of NATO in 2004. They also became a member of the European Union in 2007, but Democratic reforms have proven to me moderately successful.
Ther are still corruption in Romania, and economic reforms continue. Romania also have one of the highest child poverty rates in the developed world. The problem after the revolution in 1989 is that Romaina`s elite remained in power after the communist dictator was executed.
Many argue that the execution of the Ceausescus was a false dawn. The show trial was organised by fellow communists, who twisted a popular uprising into little more than a palace coup and held on firmly to the levers of power.
We know that former communists ran the government for years after the revolution and still sit in the parliament. Former members of the security forces and their families have got rich from privatisation and there has been no justice for the regime`s former victims.
Romania was one of Europe`s few former Soviet blo countries that did not pss a «lustration» law t oban senior communists from holding office in the new government.
There were two groups of people in the revolution. Those shouting «Down with communism», and those only shouting «Down with Ceausescu». It was the second group who created the new poitical order after the revolution in 1989.
No Romanian other than the Ceauseescus has been found guilty of even the smallest role in the communist party`s half-century reign of terror and misery. Until now. In December 2018, Romania`s prosecutor general charged former president Ion Iliescu and two other prominent figures from the National Salvation Front (NSF), the political organization that assumed power after the Ceausescu`s flight from Bucharest, for crimes against humanity.
They are accused of having orchestrated a deliberate misinformation campaign between 22 and 30 December 1989 about the existence of armed supporters of Ceausescu (the so-called «terrorists») and of having allowed dangerous military manoevres in a bid to forment political chaos and ensure control over state institutions.
The Revolution in Romania in 1989 is most famous for Ceausescu`s speech. On the morning of 21 December, Ceausescu addressed an assembly of approximately 100,000 people to condemn the uprising in Timisoara.
Party officials took great pains to make it appear that Ceausescu was still immensely popular. The speech was typical of most Ceausescu`s speeches over the years. Making liberal use of Marxist-Leninist rhetoric, he delivered a litany of the achievements of the «socialist revolution» and Romanian «multi-laterally developed socialist society».
He blamed the Timisoara uprising on «fascist agitators».
However, Ceausescu was out of touch with his people and completely misread the crowd`s mood. The people remained unresponsive, and only the front rows supported Ceausescu with cheers and applause. About two minutes into the speech, some in the crowd actually began to jeer, boo, whistle and yell insults at him, a reaction unthinkable for most of his rule.
Workers from a Bucharest power plant started chanting «Ti-mi-soa-ra! Ti-mi-soa-ra!, which was soon picked up by others in the crowd. In response, Ceausescu raised his right hand in hopes of silencing the crowd; his stunned expression remains one of he defining moments of the end of Communism in Eastern Europe.
He then tried to placate the crowd by offering to raise worker`s salaries by 200 lei per month (about 9 U.S dollars at the time, yet a 5%-10% raise for a modest salary) and student scholarships from 100 to 110 lei while continuing to praise the achievements of the Socialist Revolution.
However, a revolution was brewing right in front of his eyes.
The entire speech was being broadcast live nationwide. Censors attempted to cut the live video feed and replace it with Communist propaganda songs and video praising the Ceausescu regime, but parts of the riots had already been broadcast and most of the Romanian people realised that something unusual was in progress.
Ceausescu and his wife, as well as other officials and CPEx members, panicked; Ceausescu`s bodyguard hustled him back inside the building.
The jeers and whistles soon erupted into a riot; the crowd took to the streets, placing the capital, like Timisoara, in turmoi. Members of the crowd spontaneously began shouting anti-Ceausescu slogans, which spread and became chants; «Jos dictatorul!» (Down with the dictator»), «Moarte criminalului!» (Death to the criminal»), «Noi suntem poporul, jos cu dictatorul!» (We are the People, down with the dictator»).
30 years ago, some people in Germany
were isolated from the rest of the world. They were trapped inside
the Berlin Wall that was a guarded concrete barrier that physically
and ideologically divided Berlin from 1961 to 1989.
Construction of the Wall was commenced by the German Democratic Republic (GDR, East Germany) on 13 August 1961. The Wall cut off West Berlin from surrounding East Germany, including East Berlin.
The Eastern Bloc portrayed the Wall as
protecting its population from fascist elements conspriring to
prevent the «will of the people» in building a socialist state in
East Germany. GDR authorities officially referred to the Berlin Wall
as the Anti-Fascist Protection Rampart.
The West Berlin city government
sometimes referred to it as the «Wall of Shame», a term coined by
mayor Willy Brandt in reference to the Wall`s restriction on freedom
of movement. The wall came to symbolize physically the «Iron
Curtain» that separated Western Europe and the Eastern Bloc during
the Cold War.
U.S Secretary of State Mike Pompeo
praised Reagan on Friday, saying he «courageously denounced the
greatest threat to that freedom, the Soviet Empire, the evil Empire.»
Reagan held a speech in 1987, but John F Kennedy said «Ich bin ein
Berliner» in a speech in West Berlin, on June 26, 1963.
That speech is widely regarded as the
best-known speech of the Cold War and the most famous anti-communist
Kennedy aimed to underline the support
of the United States for West Germany 22 months after Soviet-occupied
East Germany erected the Berliin Wall to prevent mass emigration to
the West. The message was aimed as much at the Soviets as it was at
Berliners and was a clear statement of U.S policy in the wake of the
construction of the Berlin Wall.
Another phrase in the speech was also
spoken in German, «Lasst sie nach Berlin kommen» (Let them come to
Berlin»), addressed at those who claimed «we can work with the
Communists», a remark at which Nikita Khrushchev scoffed only days
Chancellor Angela Merkel thanked the United States for its support in reunification in a speech on Friday. Kennedy`s speech «Ich bin ein Berliner», and Ronald Reagan`s memorable Berlin sentence from 1987, «Mr. Gorbachev tear down this wall,» as well as Barrack Obama`s speech at the Brandenburg Gate in 2016, are in all German`s memories.
Germany`s capital, Berlin was deep
within the area controlled after World War II by the Soviet Union.
Initially governed in four sectors controlled by the four Allied
powers (United States, United Kingdom, France and the Soviet Union).
Tensions of the Cold War escalated
until the Soviet forces implemented the Berlin Blockade, which the
Western allies relieved with the dramatic airlift. Afterward, the
sectors border between East and West was closed everywhere but in
Hundreds of thousands of East Germans
defected to the West via West Berlin, a labour drain that threatened
East Germany with economic collapse.
In 1961, the East German government
under Walter Ulbricht erected a barbed-wire barrier around West
Berlin, officially called the antifaschistischer Schutzwall
(anti-fascist protective barrier).
The East German authorities argued that
it was meant to prevent spies and agents of West Germany from
crossing into East. However, it was universally known as the Berliin
Wall and its real purpose was to keep East German citizens from
escaping to the West.
The Wall closed the biggest loophole in
the Iron Curtain, and Berlin went from being one of the easiest
places to cross from East Europe to West Europe to being one of the
The West, including the U.S., was
accused of failing to respond forcefully to the erection of the Wall.
Officially, Berlin was under joint occupation by the four allied
powers, each with primary responsibility for a certain zone.
Kennedy`s speech marked the first instance where the U.S acknowledged that East Berlin was part of the Soviet bloc along with the rest of East Germany. On July 25, 1961, Kennedy insisted in a presidential address that the U.S would defend West Berlin, asserting its Four-Power rights, while making it clear that challenging the Soviet presence in Germany was not possible.
30 years ago, in 1989, a series of
revolutions in nearby Eastern Bloc countries, Poland and Hungary in
particular, caused a chain reaction in East Germany that ultimately
resulted in the demise of the Wall.
After several weeks of unrest, the East
German government announced on 9 November 1989 that all GDR citizens
could visit West Germany and West Berlin. Crowds of East Germans
crossed and climbed onto the Wall, joined by West Germans on the
other side in a celebratory atmosphere.
The «fall of the Berlin Wall» paved
the way for German reunification, which formally took place on 3
Some people in Berlin say that they are
more divided today than 30 years ago. It actually started right after
World War II. East Germany differed from West Germany (Federal
Republic of Germany), which developed into a Western capitalist
country with a social market economy and a democratic parliamentary
Continual economic growth starting in
the 1950`s fueled a 20-year «economic miracle». As West Germany`s
eceonomy grew, and its standard of living steadily improved, many
East Germans wanted to move to West Germany.
Today, we can see that it all boil down
to one ting: The richest people in Germany live in the West.
Big companies and high income is
missing in the East were only 36 og Germany`s 500 biggest companies
have headquarters. In 1991, East Germany`s GDP per capita was
equivalent to just 43 percent of that in West Germany, but now it`s
75 percent (2018). According to a poll, most East Germans still feel
like «second class citizens.»
About 2 million people have left the East for the West after the fall of the wall, and two thirds of them were women. The Eastern population is older, poorer and more male. Only two soccer teams out of 18 are from the East. Interestigly, the far-right is doing it better in the East.
It all goes back to Stalin and the
Communists. The German Democratic Republic (GDP, East Germany) was
declared on 7 October 1949. By a secret treaty, the Soviet Ministry
of Foreign Affairs accorded the East German state administrative
authority, but not autonomy. The Soviet permeated East German
administrative, military and secret police structure and had full
The Organization for Economic
Cooperation and Development (OECD) said schools were «a justifiable
source of pride for the East Germans.» OECD said that while
education system in the former West focused on dividing children into
different ability groups early on, the Eastern system was more
But after the fall of the wall, the
East was eager to do everything in the Western way, even education.
The education system in the East become more unequal. Kids drops out
of school and are worce off in the East than in the West. In West
Germany, people look back at East Germany in a very negative sense.
The West are more conservative and
religious. Politically, Germany is still very divided. Voters in the
former Communist states are voting the far-right AfD.
You can see what the communists have
done to the mindset and the community. We know the story of one of
the founders of Google, Sergei Brin. His parents escaped from Moscow
to the United States. They separated the kids on the school. Brin
couldn`t participate with the other kids in gym and matematics.
Indoctrination of Marxism-Leninism
became a compulsory part of the school curricula, sending professors
and students fleeing to the West. The East Germans created an
elaborate political police apparatus that kept the population under
close surveillance, inluding Soviet SMERSH secret police.
Who wants to live in a hell like this?
The emigrants tended to be young and well-educated, leading to the
brain drain feared by officials in East Germany. They stated «the
flight of the intelligentsia has reached a particularly critical
The loss was disproportionately heavy
among professionals, engineers, technicians, physicians, teachers,
lawyers and skilled workers. The brain drain of professionals had
become so damaging to the political credibility and economic
viability of the East Germany that the re-securing of the German
communist frontier was imperative.
Following World War II, Soviet leader
Joseph Stalin headed a group of nations on his Western border, the
Eastern Bloc, that then included Poland, Hungary and Czechoslovakia,
which he wished to maintain alongside a weakened Soviet-controlled
As early as 1945, Stalin revealed to
German communist leaders that he expected to slowly undermine the
British position within the British occupation zone, that the United
States would withdraw within a year or two, and that nothing would
then stand in the way of a unified communist Germany within the bloc.
The major task of the ruling communist
party in the Soviet zone was to channel Soviet orders down to both
the administrative apparatus and the other bloc parties, which in
turn would be presented as internal measures.
Property and industry was nationalized
in the East German zone. If statements or decisions deviated from the
described line, reprimands and punishment would ensure, such as
imprisonment, torture and even death.
In 1949, following disagreements
regarding reconstruction and a new German currency, Stalin instituted
the Berlin Blockade, preventing food, materials and supplies from
arriving in West Berlin. The United States, the United Kingdom,
France, Canada, Australia, New Zealand and several other countries
began a massive «airlift», supplying West Berlin with food and
The Soviets mounted a public relations
campaign against the Western policy change. Communists attempted to
disrupt the elections of 1948, preceding large losses therein, while
300,000 Berliners demonstrated for the international airlift to
continue. In May 1949, Stalin lifted the blockade, permintting the
resumption of Western shipments to Berlin.
After the Soviet occupation of Eastern
Europe at the end of World War II, the majority of those living in
the newly acquried areas of the Eastern Bloc aspired to independence
and wanted the Soviets to leave.
Taking advantage of the zonal border
between accupied zones in Germany the number of GDR citizens moving
to West Germany totaled 187,000 in 1950. 165,000 in 1951. 182,000 in
1952, and 331,000 in 1953.
One reason for the sharp 1953 increase
was fear of potential further Sovietization, given the increasingly
paranoid actions of Joseph Stalin in late 1952 and early 1953.
The fall of the Berlin Wall is a symbol
of the Cold War in post-World War II Europe. The Wall separated East
and West Berlin for 28 years, and it illustrated the gap between two
political ideologies; Capitalism and Communism.
On Saturday 9 November, Berlin will celebrate the 30th anniversary of the peaceful revolution and the fall of the wall.
Russia is a big country, but like many other countries, it also has a dark side; The Communists. Lenin killed Tsar Nicholas II and his family and stole the country. A story most of the Russians aren`t proud of. The Communists was the worst terrorist organization ever. What they did was big crime.
The abdication of Tsar Nicholas II on 15 March 1917 as a result of the February Revolution ended 304 years of Romanov rule, establishing the Russian Republic under the Russian Provisional Government in the lead up to the Russian Civil War.
In 1918, the Tsar and his family were executed by the Bolsheviks and the 47 surviviors of the House of Romanov`s 65 members went into exile abroad. (If you are interested in that story you can watch it on Netflix).
Putin are interested in the history of
the Tsar family called Romanov and want to celebrate what they
started hundreds of years ago. What Lenin and his army did was crime
and that is nothing to celebrate.
That`s why Putin in 2005 created Unity
Day, also called Day of People`s Unity or National Unity Day in
Russia which is a national holiday held on November 4.
It commemorates the popular uprising
which expelled Polish-Lithuanian occupation forces from Moscow in
November 1612, and more generally the end of the Time of Troubles and
turning point of the Polish-Muscovite War (1605-1618).
The day`s neme alludes to the idea that
all classes of Russian society united to preserve Russian statehood
when there was neither a tsar nor a patriarch to guide them. In 1613
tsar Mikhail Romanov instituted a holiday named «Day of Moscow`s
Liberation from Polish Invaders».
It was celebrated in the Russian Empire
until 1917, when it was replaced with a commemoration of the Russian
Unity Day was reinstitued by the
Russian Federation in 2005, when the events of the year 1612 have
been celebrated instead of those of 1917 every November 4 since. The
day is also the feast day of the Russian Orthodox icon of Our Lady of
The holiday replaced the Day of Accord
and Reconciliation, established by former President Boris Yeltsin
following the collapse of the Soviet Union, which was itself a
replacement for Revolution Day. Huh….what a mess.
President Vladimir Putin reestablished
the holiday in order to replace the commemoration of the October
Revolution, known as the Day of Great October Socialist Revolution
during Soviet period and as the Day of Accord and Conciliation in
post-Soviet times, which formerly took place on November 7.
Putin`s decision angered some sections
of the public, particularly the Communist Party, who continued with
celebrations on November 7. Putins`s predecessor, Boris Yeltsin took
a limited action of changing the name of the holiday, by completely
removing it. It goes back and forth.
So, after Lening and his criminal
gangsters killed the Romanov family and overthrow the centuries -old
monarchy, Russia emerged from a civil war in 1921 as the newly formed
Soviet Union. The World`s first Marxist-Communist state. It became
one of the biggest and powerful nations in the world until it
collapsed in 1991.
The United Socialist Soviet Republic
(U.S.S.R), was made up of 15 Soviet republics; Ukraine, Uzbekistan,
Armenia, Belarus, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Estonia, Kazakhstan, Latvia,
Kyrgyzstan, Lithuania, Russia, Moldova, Rajikistan and Turkmenistan.
They were occupying nearly one-sixth of Earth`s land surface.
Radical Leftists revolutionaries
overthrew Russia`s Tsar Nicholas II and ended centuries of Romanov
rule and that was the beginning of the Russian Revolution in 1917.
The Communists called the Bolsheviks established a socialist state.
The civil war started and it was a war
between the Communists and the Capitalists. The Red Army was backed
by the Bolshevik government. They defeated the White Army backed by a
large group of monarchists, capitalists and supporters of other forms
The Bolshevik`s had a secret police
called Cheka in a periode known as Red Terror. They carried out a
campaign of mass execution against supporters of the czarist regime
and against Russia`s upper classes.
But Lenin past away in 1924 and Joseph
Stalin came to power. The dictator ruled by terror with a series of
brutal policies, which left millions of his own citizens dead. Stalin
transformed Soviet Union from an agrarian society to an industrial
and military superpower.
Stalin had a lot of plans, and focused
on collectivizing agriculture and rapid industralization. Before
World War II, Stalin enforced the collectivization of the
agricultural sector. Rural peasants were forced to join colective
People that owned land or livestock
were stripped of their holdings, and hundreds of higher-income
farmers, called kulaks, were executed and their property confiscated.
The Communists believed that consolidating individually owned farms
into a series of large state-run collective farms would increase
agricultural productivity. But the opposite was true.
The productivity dropped and this led
to a devastating food shortages. Millions died during the Great
Famine of 1932-1933. The U.S.S.R denied the Great Famine in many
The Ukrainian famine (Holodomor) is
also known as «starvation» and «to inflict death,» claimed the
lives of nearly 4 million people. That`s 13 percent of the
population. At that time, it was many protesters, and like other
Communists in this world, the dictator didn`t like that.
Stalin eliminated all opposition to his
leadership by terrorizing Communist Party officials and other public
through his secret police. This is how a totalitarian policestate is
600,000 Soviet citizens were executed
during the height of Stalin`s terror campaign known as the Great
Purge between 1936 and 1938. Millions of people in Soviet were
deported, or imprisoned in forced labor camps, also known as Gulags.
Soviet defeated Nazi-Germany at the end
of World War II, but Americans and British feared the spread of
communism into Western Europe and worldwide. So what did they do?
In 1949, the United States, Canada and
its European allies formed the North Atlantic Treaty Organization
(NATO). They formed an alliance between countries of the Western bloc
and NATO was a political show of force against the U.S.S.R and its
The Communists didn`t like that, so the
Soviet Union in 1955 consolidated power among Eastern bloc countries
under a rival alliance called the Warsaw Pact, and that started the
The Cold War would persist in varous
forms until the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, and it was a power
struggle waged on political, economic and propaganda fronts between
the Eastern and Western blocs.
But Stalin past away in 1953, and
Nikita Khrushchev rose to power. He became Communist Party secretary
in 1953 and premier in 1958. This is the man John F Kenndy had a lot
of meeting with. Why? Khrushchev installed nuclear weapons just 90
miles from Florida`s coast in Cuba. He instigated the Cuban Missile
Crisis in 1962.
Khrushchev made a lot of refoms that
made Soviet society less repressive. He criticized Stalin for
arresting and deporting opponents and took steps to raise living
conditions, freed many political prisoners, lossened artistic
censorship and closed Gulag labor camps in a time called
Deteriorating relations between the
Soviet Union and neighboring China and food shortages across the
U.S.S.R eroded Khrushchev`s legitimacy in the eyes of the Communist
party leadership. Members of the Communist Party removed Khrushchev
from office in 1964.
Later on, another communist party
politician rose to power. Mikhail Gorbachev came to power in 1985. He
introduced two sets of policies he hoped would reform the political
system and help U.S.S.R become a more prosperous and productive
nation. These policies were called Glasnost and Perestroika.
Glasnost was a plan for political
openness. It adressed personal restrictions of the Soviet people.
Glasnost eliminated remaining traces of Stalinìst repression, such
as banning of books. Newspapers could criticize the government, and
parties other than the Communist Party could participate in
Perestroika was a plan for economic
restructuring. Soviet Union began to move toward a hybrid
communist-capitalist system. (This system is more like the system we
see in China today). The communists created a committee called
Politburo. They would still control the direction of the economy, but
the government would allow market forces to dictate some production
and deveopment decisions.
Gorbachev came to power only 6 years
before Soviet Union collapsed in 1991. It started in the 1960`s when
the Communists Party elite gained wealth and power while millions of
average Soviet citizens face starvation. Soviet citizens didn`t have
basic needs such as clothing and shoes.
The divide between the extreme wealth
of the Politburo and the poverty of Soviet citizens created a
backlash from younger people who didn`t like the Communist Party`s
ideology as their parents had. On top of that, Soviet faced foreign
attack on the economy.
President Ronald Reagan isolated the
Soviet economy in the 80`s from the rest of the world and helped
drive the oil prices down to the lowest level. When the gas revenue
dropped, the U.S.S.R began to lose its hold on Eastern Europe.
Gorbachev`s reforms didn`t work well
and did more to hasten the collapse of the Soviet Union than to help
it. They started to lose control over the Soviet people and that was
the beginning of a new movement in the Soviet satellites of Eastern
In 1989, a political revolution started
in Poland and that spread to other countries that led to the toppling
of the Berlin Wall. On Saturday it is 30 year since the destruction
of the wall that divided Berlin physically and ideologically from
1961 to 1989.
By the end of 1989, the U.S.S.R had
come apart at the seams. An unsuccessful coup by Communist Party
hard-liners in August 1991 sealled the Soviet Union`s fate by
diminishing Gorbachev`s power and propelling democratic forces, led
by Boris Yeltsin to the forefront of Russian politics.
In 1991, Boris Yeltsin rose to power,
and served ass the president of Russia until 1999. Though a Communist
Party member for much of his life, he came to believe in both
democratic and free market reforms, and played an instrumental role
in the collapse of the Soviet Union.
Boris Nikolayevich Yeltsin was the
first freely elected leader in Russia`s 1,000-year history. He became
well known for railing against corruption and fired hundreds of
Gorbachev`s Glasnost and Perestroika
program had hoped to change but not destroy the Soviet Union, but he
resigned on December 25, 1991, and 6 days later the Soviet Union
officially dissolved and was replaced by a political weak
Commonwealth of Independent State that Yeltsin had established along
with his counterparts in Ukraine and Belarus.
With the Soviet Union out of the way,
Yeltsin eliminated most price controls, privatized a slew of major
state assets, allowed for the ownership of prive property and
otherwise emraced free market principles.
Under his watch, a stock exchange,
commodities exchange and private banks all came into being. As
president, Yeltsin broke from his Soviet predecessors by generally
supporting freedom of the press, permitting public criticism and
letting Western popular culture seep into the country.
After surviving impeachment
proceedings, Yeltsin disbanded the communist-dominated parliament in
September 1993 and called for elections to a new legislature.
A new man came to power. Vladimir Putin
rose to power when Boris Yeltsin announced his resignation on
December 31, 1999. Yeltsin handed off power to Putin, his chosen
successor and the last of his prime ministers, who granted him
immunity from prosecution. Since 1 January 2000, Vladimir Putin has
been Russia`s president. And he is very popular.
Putin is considered to be the most
powerful leader in the world and his Unity Day is the beginning of a
new era in Russia. Unity Day calls for tolerance between various
ethnic and religious groups in the Russian Federation.
The Romanov family was backed by the
Orthodox Church and so are Vladimir Putin. Lenin and his terrorist
group of Communists killed thousands of priests and burned and bombed
hundreds of churches in Russia. We can now see what values Putin
There are some pople that don`t like
Putin, but they are few. And they are Nationalists. On the Unity Day
they are marching in Moscow and it`s called «Russian Marches.» But
the Nationalist marches have been losing popularity in recent years.
Last year, only 400 people turned up and that is down from 25,000 in
Unity Day, held on November 4, was established in 2005 by President Vladimir Putin as a replacement for Soviet-era commemorations of the 1917 Bolshevik Revolution.
The freedom-fighters continue to
protest against the Communists in China, but it isn`t cheap. The Hong
Kong economy shrank 2,9 percent YoY in the third quarter of 2019.
They`re on the way down to recession for the first time since the
third quarter of 2009.
The economy is declining while the government spending are growing at a faster pace. What a toxic mix. Government spending increased 5,3 percent while fixed investment declined 16,3 percent. Private consumption shrank 3,5 percent and exports of goods fell 7 percent.
The freedom-fighters in Hong Kong have
used masks for months now, but today they celebrated Halloween. But
the Hong Kong police fired tear gas into the crowd of masked
People in Hong Kong need to know that the rest of the world is supporting them, and everybody in this world must ask themselves what the value of money is compared to freedom? Readers of Shinebull.com know that money is worthless. Freedom isn`t.