Tag Archives: Capitalism

Socialists across the rich world aligned themselves with a range of liberation movements

Socialist parties became a dominant political force after the world wars in much of Western Europe. Along with communism, socialism also came in various forms in the newly recolonized countries of Africa, Asia and the Middle East.

Socialists across the rich world aligned themselves with a range of liberation movements. In the U.S, many, though by no means all, feminist and civil rights leaders have espoused aspects of socialism. On the other hand, socialism has acted as an incubator for movements that are generally labeled far-right.

 

 

European fascists in the 1920s and 1930s adopted socialist ideas, though they phrased them in nationalist terms: economic redistribution to the workers specifically meant Italian or German workers and then only a certain, narrow type of Italian or German.

In today`s political contests, echoes of socialism – or economic populism, to critics, are easily discernible on the both the right and left.

Communism and socialism are economic and political structures that promote equality and seek to eliminate social classes. The two are interchangeable in some ways, but different in others.

In a communist society, there are no wealthy or poor people. All are equal.

Like communism, socialisms main focus is on equality. Workers receive what they need to produce and survive, but theres no incentive to achieve more, leaving little motivation.

The United Kingdom provides basic needs like healthcare to everyone regardless of their time or effort at work. In the U.S, welfare and the public education system are a form of socialism.

Both are the opposite of capitalism, where limitations don`t exist and reward comes to those who go beyond the minimum. In capitalist societies, owners are allowed to keep the excess production they earn.

Competition occurs naturally, which fosters advancement. Capitalism tends to create a sharp divide between the wealthiest citizens and the poorest, however, with the wealthiest owning the majority of the nation`s resources.

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The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of the Communist Party Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia

Euro Zone is a Danger Zone. It has always been like that and seems like it won`t be any better. 1995 is not long time ago. It sounds like a movie when we hear the story about Bosnian town of Srebrenica were 8,000 muslim were murdered and buried in mass graves.

And worst of all; A military commander is behind the worst atrocity since World War II. The UN Hague tribunal sentenced former Bosnian Serb military commander Ratko Mladic to life in prison for genocide and other crimes. This is unbelievable.

 

The conflict in Bosnia and Herzegovina resulted in a mass grave with about 100,000 people, and that is a huge crime against the humanity. The court also convicted Mladic (74) for violating the rules of war. The crimes wouldn`t be committed as they were, the court said.

“The crimes committed were among the most heinous known to human kind,” Judge Alphons Orie said at the International Criminal Tribunal on Wednesday.

Mladic is not alone. Former Bosnian Serb leader Radovan Karadzic is another one with war-crimes and the potential for reigniting disputes remains high.

This is all about the nations that emerged from Yugoslavia with ethnic lines by five wars. They tried to increase regional cooperation with the goal of following other ex-Communist nations into the European Union.

Bosnia-Herzegovina were annexed by pro-Hitler Croatian puppet state in 1941. Thousands of Serbs, Jews and Gypsies were sent to death camps.

From 1945 – 1991, Bosnia is part of Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY).

SFRY was the Yugoslav state in southeastern Europe that existed from its foundation in the aftermath of World War II until its dissolution in 1992 amid the Yugoslav Wars.

It was a socialist state and a federation governed by the League of Communists of Yugoslavia made up of six socialist republics: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Croatia, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia, and Slovenia with Belgrade as its capital. In addition; it included two autonomous provinces within Serbia: Kosovo and Vojvodina.

The SFRY tracks back to 26 November 1942 when the Anti-Fascist Council for the National Liberation of Yugoslavia was formed during World War II. On 29 November 1945, the Federal People`s Republic of Yugoslavia was proclaimed after the disposal of King Peter II thus ending the monarchy.

The new communist government originally sided with the Eastern bloc under the leadership of Josip Broz Tito at the beginning of the Cold War, but the SFRY pursued a policy of neutrality after the Tito-Stalin split of 1948, and it became one of the founding members of the Non-Aligned Movement.

Following the death of Tito on 4 May 1980, rising ethnic nationalism in the late 1980`s led do dissidence among the multiple ethnicities within the constituent republics. With the collapse of communism in Eastern Europe, inter-republic talks on transformation of the federation also failed and led to recognition of their independency by some European states in 1991.

This led to the federation collapsing along federal borders, followed by the start of the Yugoslav Wars and the final downfall and breakup of the federation on 27 April 1992.

Two of its republics, Serbia and Montenegro, remained within the reconstituted Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, but the union was not recognized internationally as the official successor state to the SFRY.

Following a number of violent incidents in early 1992, the war is commonly viewed as having started on 6 April 1992. The same day that the United States and European Economic Community (EEC) recognised Bosnia and Herzegovina. (There is debate over the start of the Bosnian War).

The war in Bosnia and Herzegovina came about as a result of the breakup of the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

Following the collapse of Communism in 1991, nationalists win first multiparty elections and form coalition.

A crisis emerged in Yugoslavia as a result of the weakening of the confederation system at the end of the Cold War. In Yugoslavia, the national communist party, the League of Communists of Yugoslavia, was losing its ideological potency.

Meanwhile, ethnic nationalism experienced a renaissance in the 1980`s after violence broke out in Kosovo, while the goal of Serbian nationalists was the centralisation of Yugoslavia, other nationalities in Yugoslavia aspired to the federalization and the decentralisation of the state.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a former Ottoman province and has historically been a multi-ethnic state.

The war was part of the breakup of Yugoslavia, following the Slovenian and Croatian secessions from the Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1991, the multi-ethnic Socialist Republic of Bosnia and Herzegovina.

This was rejected by the political representatives of the Bosnian Serbs, who had boycotted the referendum. Following Bosnia and Herzegovinas declaration of independence (which gained international recognition), the Bosnian Serbs, led by Radovan Karadzic and supported by the Serbian government of Slobodan Milosevic and the Yugoslav Peoples Arma (JNA), mobilised their forces inside Bosnia and Herzegovina in order to secure ethnic Serb territory, then war soon spread across the country, accompanied by ethnic cleansing.

Events such as the Siege of Sarajevo and the Srebrenica massacre later became iconic of the conflict.

2,2 million were displaced. 20,000 women were raped, and 100,000 killed during the war.

People with inside information said Serbia waged war in Bosnia. Serbian strongman was Slobodan Milosevic who died in 2006. Mladic was arrested 15 years after he went into hiding following the fall of Slobodan Milosevic.

Bosnia-Herzegovina is deeply divided nations with three truths about the same war. Bosnia is one of the poorest nations in Europe and three ethnic groups are making them a crippled state with a complicated power structure.

They are also divided by religion were Bosnia is home to 3,517 million people were 50% of them are muslims, 31% Serbs and 15% Croats.

Pakistan defied the UN`s ban on supply of arms and airlifted missiles to the Bosnians Muslims, while after the Srebrenica and Markale massacres, NATO intervened in 1995 with Operation Deliberate Force targeting the positions of the Army of the republica Srpska, which proved key in ending the war.

The war brought to an end after the signing of the General Framework Agreement for Peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina in Paris on 14 December 1995.

This is the most devastating conflict in Europe since the end of World War II.

Is it over now? Why do some people talk about a silent civil war in Europe right now?

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Capitalism run by commissioners in Brussels will not work, Tony Benn said in 1966

tonybenn

 

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Holocaust Memorial Day

Today it is 70 years since the Holocaust (the catastrophe). Six million Jews were killed by the Nazi regime and its collaborators. An additional five million non-Jewish victims of Nazi mass murders are included by some historians bringing the total to approximately eleven million. This is humanity at its worst!

From 1941 to 1945 Jews were targeted and methodically murdered in a genocide, the largest in modern history, and part of a broader aggregate of acts of oppression and killings of various ethnic and political groups in Europe by the Nazis.

WannseeList

(Picture: List of Jewish populations by country used at the Wannsee Conference in 1942)

Every arm of Germany`s bureaucracy was involved in the logistics of the genocide, turning the Third Reich into «a genocidal state». Non-Jewish victims of broader Nazi crimes include Gypsies, Poles, communists, homosexuals, Soviet POW`s and the mentally and physically disabled.

A network of 42,500 facilities in Germany and German-occupied territories were used to concentrate, confine, and kill Jews and other victims. Between 100,000 and 500,000 were direct participants in the planning and execution of the Holocaust.

Nazism is the ideology and practice of the German Nazi Party and state. It is sometimes applied to other far-right groups. Usually characterised as a form of fascism that incorporates scientific racism and antisemitism. The full name of Hitler`s party was Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei (National Socialist German Workers` Party; NSDAP).

Nazism subscribed to theories of racial hierarchy and social Darwinism. Germanic people were depicted as true «Aryans» and the «master race». Opposed to both capitalism and Marxism, it aimed to overcome social divisions, with all parts of a homogeneous society seeking national unity, and what it viewed as historically German territory as well as additional lands for expansion.

The term «National Socialism» arose out of attempts to create a national redefinition of «socialism», as an alternative to both internationalist Marxist socialism and free market capitalism.
The Nazi Party was founded as the pan-German nationalist and antisemitic German Workers` Party on 5 January 1919. By the early 1920`s, Adolf Hitler assumed control of the organisation.

The National Socialist Program, adopted in 1920, called for a united Greater Germany that would deny citizenship to Jews or those of Jewish descent, while also supporting land reform and the nationalisation of some industries.

In Mein Kampf (1924), Hitler outlined his antisemitism and anti-communism at the heart of his political philosophy, as well as his disdain for parliamentary democracy and his belief in Germany`s right to territorial expansion. Nazism is neither left- nor right-wing, but syncretic.

Jew_Killings_in_Ivangorod_(1942)

(Picture: Executions of Jews by German army mobile killing units (Einsatzgruppen) near Ivanhorod, now Ukraine. The photo was mailed from the Eastern Front to Germany and intercepted by a member of the Polish resistance)

The concept of the Aryan race, which the Nazis promoted, stems from racial theories asserting that Europeans are the descendants of Indo-Iranian settlers, people of ancient India and ancient persia. Johann Gottfried Herder argued that the Germanic peoples held close racial connections with the ancient Indians and anciant Persians, who he claimed were advanced people possessing a great capacity for wisdom, nobility, restraint, and science.

A French racial theorist and aristocrat, blamed the fall of the ancien regime in France on racial degeneracy caused by racial intermixing, which he argued destroyed the purity of the Aryan race, a term which he reserved only for Germanic people. Gobineau`s theories, which attracted a strong following in Germany, emphasised the existence of an irreconcilable polarity between Aryan (Germanic) and Jewish cultures.

Nazism`s racial policy positions may have developed from the views of important biologists of the 19th century, including French biologist Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, through Ernst Haeckel`s idealist version of Lamrckism and the father of genetics German botanist Gregor Mendel. Haeckel`s book was banned in the bookstore by the Nazi party.

Chamberlain`s work (1899) praised Germanic people for their creativity and idealism while asserting that the Germanic spirit was threatened by a «Jewish» spirit of selfishness and materialism. Chamberlain met Hitler in 1923, whom he admired as a leader of the rebirth of the free spirit.

In Germany, the idea of Jews economically exploiting Germans became prominent upon the fundation of Germany, due to the ascendance of many wealthy Jews into prominent positions upon the unification of Germany in 1871.

Empirical evidence demonstrates that from 1871 to the early 20th century, that German Jews were overrepresented in Germany`s upper and middle classes, while they were underrepresented in Germany`s lower class and particularly in the field of work of agricultural and industrial labour.

German Jewish financiers and bankers played a key role in fostering Germany`s economic growth from the 1871 to 1913, and such Jewish financiers and bankers benefited enormously from this boom, in 1908 amongst the twenty-nine wealthiest German families with aggregate fortunes of up to 55 million marks at the time, five of which were Jewish, and the Rothschild were the second wealthiest German family.

The predominance of Jews in German`s banking, commerce, and industry sectors in this time period was very high with consideration to Jews being estimated to have accounted for 1 percent of the population of Germany.

This overrepresentation of Jewish in these areas created resentment by non-Jewish Germans during periods of economic crisis such as in response to the 1873 stock market crash that resulted in a severe depression.

The 1873 stock market crash and ensuing depression resulted in a spate of attacks on alleged Jewish economic dominance in Germany, and antisemitism surged.

Einsatzgruppe_A

(Picture: Einsatzgruppe A; members execute Jews on the outskirts of Kovno, 1941-1942)

The Protocols of the Elders of Zion (1912) was an antisemitic forgery created by the police of the Russian Empire. Antisemitic believed it was real, and the Protocol became widely popular after World War I.

The Protocol claimed that there was a secret international Jewish conspiracy to take over the world. Alfred Rosenberg introduced the protocol to Hitler, and from 1920 onward, Hitler focused his attacks on claiming that Judaism and Marxism were directly connected; that Jews and Bolsheviks were one and the same, and that Marxism was a Jewish ideology. Hitler believed that the Protocols were authentic.

Johann Gottlieb Fichte accused Jews in Germany of having been, and inevitably continuing to be, a «state within a state» that threatened German national unity. Fichte promoted two options to address this: the fist was the creation of a Jewish state in Palestine to impel the Jews to leave Europe.

The other option was violence against Jews, saying that the goal would be «….to cut off all their heads in one night, and set new ones on their shoulders, which should not contain a single Jewish idea».

Tsarist exiles flooded into Munich and Berlin and spread theories about a worldwide Jewish Bolshevik conspiracy. Hitler`s own antisemitism was deepened and intensified by extensive conversations with Fyodor Vinberg, a Russo-German member of the organisation called Aufbau Vereinigung composed of White Russian emigres.

The Nazis argued that capitalism damages nations due to international finance, the economic dominance of big business, and Jewish influences. This Nazi propaganda was spread to the working class as anti-capitalism.

Hitler said in 1927: «We are socialists, we are enemies of today`s capitalistic economic system for the exploitation of the economically weak, with its unfair salaries, with its unseemly evaluation of a human being according to wealth and property instead of responsibility and performance, and we are determined to destroy this system under all conditions.»

Hitler told a party leader in 1934; «The economic system of our day is the creation of the Jews». He also told Benito Mussolini that «Capitalism had run its course». He argued that the only means to maintain economic security was to have direct control over resources rather than being forced to rely on world trade. He claimed that war to gain such resources was the only means to surpass the failing capitalist economic system.

Joseph Goebbels claimed in his diary in the 1920`s that if he were to pick between Bolshevism and capitalism, he said «in final analysis», «it would be better for us to go down with Bolshevism than live in eternal slavery under capitalism.»

The author Oswald Spengler published his book «The decline of the West» in 1918. According to Spengler, the Western world is ending and we are witnessing the last season – «winter time», of the Faustian civiliation. Western Man is proud but tragic figure because, while he strives and creates, he secretly knows the actual goal will never be reached, he said.

We are all different and unique and a society that has no room for difference has no room for humanity. You can’t build a society on hate!

This is insane!

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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