Tag Archives: Revolution

Ceausescu was a National Communist and ended liberalisation and openness and started a trend that accentuated totalitarianism and isolated Romania from the rest of the world

Communist governments collapsed across Europe 30 years ago. In mid December (16 – 25 December, 1989), The Romanian Revolution was a period of violent civil unrest in Romania during December 1989 as a part of the Revolution on 1989 that occurred in several countries.

I wrote about the massacre in Tiananmen Square earlier this year. I wrote about the fall of the Berlin Wall. But there were more; Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia and the fall of Europe`s most brutal dictator, Nicolae Ceausescu, and that didn`t come peacefully.

Last speech of Nicolae Ceausescu, 21. December 1989

Ceausescu had built an empire on his own. The internal Stalinist dynamic did not depend upon Soviet might. The Secret Police were an ever-presented glue that kept Romanian society in place. It was a totalitarian police state with no free speech.

The large numbers of Securitate informers made organized dissent nearly impossible. The regime deliberately played on this sense that everyone was being watched to make it easier to bend the people to the Party`s will. Even by Soviet Bloc standards, the Securitate was exceptionally brutal.

Ceausescu created a cult of personality. During the Cold War, he presided over the most pervasive cult of personality within the Eastern Bloc. Inspired by the personality cult surrounding Kim II-sung in North Korea.

It started with the 1971 July Theses which reversed the liberalization of the 1960`s, imposed a strict nationalist ideology, established Stalinist totalitarianism and a return to socialist realism.

The real beginning of the cult of personality, however, came after Ceausescu visited China and North Korea in 1971. He was particularly impressed by the highly personal way that China`s Mao Zedong and North Korea`s Kim II-sung ruled their countries, as well as the personality cults surrounding them.

A few year later (1986), a propaganda poster on the streets of Bucharest reads «65 years since the creation of the Romanian Communist Party», while in the background it reads «Ceausescu Era» and «The Party. Ceausescu. Romania».

But the Western countries’ support for Ceausescu ended with the rise of Mikhail Gorbachev in March 1985, when Ceausescu ceased to be relevant on the world scene and Western countries criticised him for his unwilllingness to implement his own version of perestroika and glasnost.

Ceausescu was a National Communist and his total control over Romania was close to an old-style Stalinist regime. He ended liberalisation and openness and started a trend that accentuated totalitarianism and isolated Romania from the rest of the world.

The Romanian newspapers were silent and also the Berlin state paper didn`t even mention the fall of the Berlin Wall in the first days following November 9, 1989. Reading the Romanian newspapers of November 11, 1989 one would think that nothing earth-shattering had happened.

Instead, Socialism is praised as the «way of the free, independent development of the peoples.» But students knew better. They started the revolution with playcards saying; «We want reforms against Ceausescu government.»

The Romanian Revolution started in the city of Timisoara and soon spread throughout the country, ultimately culminating in the show trial and execution of longtime Communist Party General Secretary Nicolae Ceausescu and his wife Elena.

30 years ago, finally, it was the end of a 42 year rule of the Communist Party in Romania. It was also the last removal of a Marxist-Leninist government in a Warsaw Pact country during the events of 1989, and the only one that violently overthrow a country`s government and executed its leader.

Early protests occurred in the city of Timisoara in mid-December on the part of the Hungarian minority in response to an attempt by the government to evict Hungarian Reformed church pastor Laszlo Tokes.

In July 1989, Tokes had critcised ther regime`s Systematisation policy in an interview with Hungarian television, and complained that Romanians did not even know their human rights.

As Tokes described it later, the interview, which had been seen in the border areas and was then spread all over Romania, had a «shock effect upon the Romanians, the Securitate as well, on the people of Romaina.

It had an unexpected effect upon the public atmosphere in Romaina.

There were no freedom of speech in Romania at that time and the Godless Communists didn`t like Tokes speech, so the government then alleged that Tokes was inciting ethnic hatred. At the behest of the government, his bishop removed him from his post, thereby depriving him of the right to use the apartment to which he was entitled as a pastor, and assigned him to be a pastor in the countryside.

For some time his parishioners gathered around his home to protect him from harassment and eviction. Many passersby spontaneously joined in. As it became clear that the crowd not desperse, the mayor, Petre Mot, made remarks suggesting that he had overturned the decision to evict Tokes.

Meanwhile, the crowd had grown impatient and, when Mot declined to confirm his statement against the planned eviction in writing, the corwd started to chant anti-communist slogans.

Some of the protesters attempted to burn down the building that housed the district committee of the Romaian Communist Party (PCR). The Securitate responded with tear gas and water jets, while police beat up rioters and arrested many of them.

The army failed to establich order, and chaos ensured including gunfire, fights, caualties and burned cars. Transporter Amfibiu Blindate (TAB) armoured personnel carriers and tanks were called in.

The rioters withdrew, but they regrouped eventually around the Romanian Orthodox Cathedral and started a protest march around the city, but again they were contronted by the security forces. As you can see, this is very similar to Hong Kong today.

Nicolae Ceausescu ordered to shoot the demonstrators. He declared a state of emergency throughout the country on national television and radio. The Army and Milita forces refused to shoot at people and took the side of the revolutionaries.

In response, Romanians sought revolution and a change in government in light of similar recent events in neighbouring nations. The country`s ubiquitous secret police force, the Securitate, which was both one of the largest in the Eastern Bloc and for decades had been the main suppressor of popular dissension, frequently and violently quashing political disagreement, ultimately proved incapable of stopping the looming, and then highly fatal and successful revolt.

Social and economic malaise had been in socialist Romania for quite som time, especially during the austerity years of the 1980`s. The austerity measures were designed in part by Ceausescu to repay foreign debts.

Shortly after a botched public speech by eausescu in Bucharest (Romania`s capita city) that was broadcast to millions of Romanians on state television, rank-and-file members of the military switched, almost unanimousy, from supporting the dictator to backing the protesting population.

Riots, street violence and murder in several Romanian cities over the course of roughly a week led the Romanian leader to flee the capital city on 22 December with his wife, Deputy Prime Minister Elena Ceausescu.

Evading capture by hastily departing via helicopter effectively portrayed the couple as both fugitives and also acutely guilty of accused crimes.

Captured in Targoviste, they were tried by a drumhead military tribunal on charges of Genocide (64,000 deatch during their regime), damage to the national economy and abuse of power to execute military actions against the Romanian people.

The were convicted on all charges, sentenced to death, and immediately executed on Christmas Day 1989.

The National Salvation Front quickly took power after Ceausescu was toppled, promising free and fair elections within five months.

Elected in a landslide the following May, the National Salvation Front, reconstituted as a political party, installed a series of economic and democratic reforms, with further social policy changes being implemented by later governments.

Since that point Romania has become far more integrated with the West than its former, albeit tepid, relations with Moscow. Romania became a member of NATO in 2004. They also became a member of the European Union in 2007, but Democratic reforms have proven to me moderately successful.

Ther are still corruption in Romania, and economic reforms continue. Romania also have one of the highest child poverty rates in the developed world. The problem after the revolution in 1989 is that Romaina`s elite remained in power after the communist dictator was executed.

Many argue that the execution of the Ceausescus was a false dawn. The show trial was organised by fellow communists, who twisted a popular uprising into little more than a palace coup and held on firmly to the levers of power.

We know that former communists ran the government for years after the revolution and still sit in the parliament. Former members of the security forces and their families have got rich from privatisation and there has been no justice for the regime`s former victims.

Romania was one of Europe`s few former Soviet blo countries that did not pss a «lustration» law t oban senior communists from holding office in the new government.

There were two groups of people in the revolution. Those shouting «Down with communism», and those only shouting «Down with Ceausescu». It was the second group who created the new poitical order after the revolution in 1989.

No Romanian other than the Ceauseescus has been found guilty of even the smallest role in the communist party`s half-century reign of terror and misery. Until now. In December 2018, Romania`s prosecutor general charged former president Ion Iliescu and two other prominent figures from the National Salvation Front (NSF), the political organization that assumed power after the Ceausescu`s flight from Bucharest, for crimes against humanity.

They are accused of having orchestrated a deliberate misinformation campaign between 22 and 30 December 1989 about the existence of armed supporters of Ceausescu (the so-called «terrorists») and of having allowed dangerous military manoevres in a bid to forment political chaos and ensure control over state institutions.

The Revolution in Romania in 1989 is most famous for Ceausescu`s speech. On the morning of 21 December, Ceausescu addressed an assembly of approximately 100,000 people to condemn the uprising in Timisoara.

Party officials took great pains to make it appear that Ceausescu was still immensely popular. The speech was typical of most Ceausescu`s speeches over the years. Making liberal use of Marxist-Leninist rhetoric, he delivered a litany of the achievements of the «socialist revolution» and Romanian «multi-laterally developed socialist society».

He blamed the Timisoara uprising on «fascist agitators».

However, Ceausescu was out of touch with his people and completely misread the crowd`s mood. The people remained unresponsive, and only the front rows supported Ceausescu with cheers and applause. About two minutes into the speech, some in the crowd actually began to jeer, boo, whistle and yell insults at him, a reaction unthinkable for most of his rule.

Workers from a Bucharest power plant started chanting «Ti-mi-soa-ra! Ti-mi-soa-ra!, which was soon picked up by others in the crowd. In response, Ceausescu raised his right hand in hopes of silencing the crowd; his stunned expression remains one of he defining moments of the end of Communism in Eastern Europe.

He then tried to placate the crowd by offering to raise worker`s salaries by 200 lei per month (about 9 U.S dollars at the time, yet a 5%-10% raise for a modest salary) and student scholarships from 100 to 110 lei while continuing to praise the achievements of the Socialist Revolution.

However, a revolution was brewing right in front of his eyes.

The entire speech was being broadcast live nationwide. Censors attempted to cut the live video feed and replace it with Communist propaganda songs and video praising the Ceausescu regime, but parts of the riots had already been broadcast and most of the Romanian people realised that something unusual was in progress.

Ceausescu and his wife, as well as other officials and CPEx members, panicked; Ceausescu`s bodyguard hustled him back inside the building.

The jeers and whistles soon erupted into a riot; the crowd took to the streets, placing the capital, like Timisoara, in turmoi. Members of the crowd spontaneously began shouting anti-Ceausescu slogans, which spread and became chants; «Jos dictatorul!» (Down with the dictator»), «Moarte criminalului!» (Death to the criminal»), «Noi suntem poporul, jos cu dictatorul!» (We are the People, down with the dictator»).

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Leave a comment

Filed under Politics

30th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in China

Tiananmen Square Massacre on June 4th, 1989 remain as one of the most sensitive and most widely censored topics in China ever. Its memory is also widely associated with questioning the legitimacy of the Communist Party rule.

The Tiananmen Square protests were a student-led demonstration in Beijing in mid-1989, and it refers to the popular national movement inspired by the Beijing protests during that period, sometimes called the `89 Democracy Movement. Many of us can clearly remember the man in front of the tank.

A lot of students and many business people protested against the Communist Party because they wanted Democracy, and not a Communist, totalitarian and authoritarian Party. But the political elite didn`t listen to the people.

The protesters were forcibly suppressed after the government declared martial law and sent in the military to occupy central parts of Beijing in what became known as the Tiananmen Square Massacre.

Troops with assault rifles and tanks fired at the demonstrators trying to block the military`s advance towards Tiananmen Square. Estimates of the death toll ary from several hundres to over thousands.

 

Article 35 of the Constitution of the People`s Republic of China states: “Citizens of the People`s Republic of China enjoy freedom of speech, of the press, of assembly, of assossiation, of procession and of demonstration.”

 

Peaceful demonstrators were being labeled counter revolutionaries and terrorists who can be arrested, beaten and even killed by authorities. Dong had declared war and he expected the Chinese people to obey him. To fear him and to attack the students.

On April 26, 1989, Dongs opposition to the Democracy Movement was reprinted as an editorial in the Peoples Daily, and it was titlled; «The necessity for clear stand against turmoil.»

This is not an ordinary student movement, Dong complained. This is a well-planned plot whose real aim is to reject the Chinese Communist Party. The purpose of the students is to poison people`s minds. The whole nation must resolutely stop and oppose the students.

The protesters were not counter revolutionaries. They just wanted a reform. Not a revolution. They wanted to be allowed to exercise experience basic human rights including freedom of speech and freedom of assembly.

For all this the protesters were accused of commiting crimes.

The political elite in the Communist Party were shocked, frightened and confused. Dong expected the people to fear him and to obey him. Instead, they humiliated him. On April 27, 150, 000 protesters and 500,000 Beijing citizens took to the streets in protest against the government.

The government was shocked and ordered the students to return to their classes at once, but the students responded by demanding Democracy. Freedom of Speech. The end of corruption, and asking; “Why cant the peoples Prime Minister come out to meet with the people?”

The Movement escaleted and millions of people joined the students and supported them. The government`s efforts to stop the demonstrators have failed miserably. Ordinarly people had sided with the students.

«The Press must tell the truth» some of the posters said. «Full of lies» and.«Lying to the people,» «freedom of speech», «freedom of the press» is another one. Tens of thousands of students were crowding the streets, singing, chanting and cheering. They were singing;

Today we are blossoming

Tomorrow we are pillars of society

The Communist Party started Martial Law and crushed the Democracy Movement by military forces. China`s paramount leader Deng Xiaoping mobilized as many as 300,000 troops to Beijing.

They used the People`s Liberation Army to attack the unarmed peaceful Chinese people. It ended in a carnage and hundreds to thousands were killed and thousands wounded.

Protest leaders and pro-democracy activists was later exiled or imprisoned. Rioters was charged with violent crimes and some were executed in the following months. Some protesters were tortured. Western economic sanctions and arms embargoes on the People`s Republic of China followed.

The suppression on June 4 marked the end of a period of relative press freedom in China and media workers. Both foreign and domestic, faced hightened restrictions and punishment in the aftermath of the crackdown.

State media reports in the immediate aftermath were sympathetic to the students. As a result, those respnsible were all later removed from their posts. Some reporters were fired because they displayed sad emotions.

Editors and other staff at People`s Daily, including director Qian Liren and Editor-in-Chief Tan Wenrui, were also sacked because of reports in the paper which were sympathetic towards protesters. Several editors were arrested.

The Communist Party of China forbids discussion of the Tiananmen Square protests, and has taken measures to block or censor related information. Textbooks have little, if any, information about the protests. Film and books are banned and many newspapers shut down.

Access to media and internet resources on the subject are restricted or blocked by censors.

The people lost and the Communist Party won. Political reform halted, market reform delayed, freedom of speech restricted and media control tightened. Now, China is a totalitarian and authoritarian police state.

The state`s job of putting down dissent is made easier and more complete due to the increasingly widespread surveillance ranging from use of facial recognition technologgy, to cameras, to real ID registration, monitoring social media use, and sanctions for behaviour not acceptable to the liberal Communist regime in China.

Many countries in Europe use China as a role model.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

 

Leave a comment

Filed under Politics

5G is a new beginning and partly a turning point, but certainly nothing less than a revolution

The 2019 International CES show started today in Las Vegas, and it will end on Friday, 11 January. CES is the world`s gathering place for those who thrive on the business of consumer technologies. It has served as the proving ground for innovators and breakthrough technologies for 50 years.

This is the global stage where next generation innovations are introduced to the marketplace, and its owned by Consumer Technology Association (CTA). This gathering attracts the worlds business leaders and pioneering thinkers.

(Click the picture to enlarge)

I have been following Apple for decades and I expect them to be in Las Vegas this week. We all know that AI is the future, but how is Apple`s innovation when it comes to Smart home tech? It seems like they are falling behind in the Smart home race.

Both, Google and Amazon are now integrating Alexa and Google assistant into Smart home devices. Voice assistants are cropping up in all kinds of places at CES 2019 and what I think is a cool thing to have is both voice and touchscreen in the bathroom mirror.

This Smart Mirror allows you to access Google Assistant were you can check the weather and traffic, or stream some YouTube videos while you are fixing your hear before you are going out for your next date.

Its brilliant because you have only two hands and none of them are free. Youre fixing your hair right. So, while you`re fixing your hair, you just have to ask the mirror what time it is, what the weather is or when your next bus is coming. All this without using your hands.

Everything is connected and to do so you need 5G, which is enabling the Internet of Things (IoT). Cars, heating systems and even trash cans are becoming involved in the net. 5G is super fast and makes the IoT possible. 5G is 100x faster than 4G and 10x faster than the best home-subscriber broadband service.

You need 5G to run your new driverless car and it`s all based on a computer with GPS built-in it. 5G is nothing less than a revolution. It is in such capacities that it becomes clear why the technologies from 2G to 4G differ so radically from the fifth generation, and that is awaiting us is partly a new beginning and partly a turning point, but certainly nothing less than a revolution.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Leave a comment

Filed under Stock market

President Vladimir Putin use driverless transportation buses at the World Cup in the city of Kazan

Silicon Valley are pushing hard to release driverless vehicles and we know Google is in front of that revolution. But they are not alone. Russia is also in front of that revolution, and President Vladimir Putin are highly supporting driverless vehicles.

Russia has launched their new driverless transportation buses at the World Cup in the city of Kazan, and Russia`s truck maker are showing the world their technology skills. So far, their unmanned vehicles are banned on the open road, so they will travel only 650 meters.

(KamAZ «shuttle» is a bus with the autopilot on electricity. It was first presented at the Moscow International Automobile Salon in 2016)

The truck maker is KAMAZ PJSC, which is co-owned by German automaker Daimler AG and Rostec. KAMAZ is taking the fans from Kazan`s meeting point to the Kazan Arena. The driverless buses will drive on an empty road with no traffic which is surrounded by a light fence to keep away animals and pedestrians.

KAMAZ demonstrated the first autonomous electric bus a few days ago, according to the company. The unmanned M2 category small-class SHATL (Wide Adaptive Transport Logistics) vehicle, developed by KAMAZ in cooperation with NAMI, is intended for hard-surface roads, using data from digital maps, navigation systems and technical vision organs.

«Electric and unmanned vehicles are currently amongst the main directions of development in Russian engineering industry», as stated by the general director of KAMAZ Sergei Kogogin. «SHATL is our latest development, upon the example of which, the main trends in car manufacturing may follow.

KAMAZ is only one of our unique driverless vehicle models. Specialists in KAMAZ are actively working on such models at the moment, within the framework of the development of intelligent transport systems.»

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Leave a comment

Filed under Stocks

California`s strong economic performance relative to other industrialized economies is driven by worker productivity

Califorias economy is bigger than the United Kingdom. If California were a country, it would be the fifth largest economy in the world. Wow! That is pretty impressive. California is home to four of the worlds ten richest people.

Its also home to four of the worlds ten largest companies by market cap. California has nearly 40 million residents and is the most populous state in the United States. Its GDP rose by $127 billion from 2016 to 2017, and their GDP surpassed $2,7 billion, according to federal data.

The United Kingdom has 65 million residents. Thats 25 million more than California, but interestingly it has a smaller GDP. The UKs capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban are the population of 10,3 million.

Californias economic juggernaut is concentrated in coastal metropolises around San Francisco, San Jose, Los Angeles and San Diego. It has 12 percent of the U.S population but contributed 16 percent of the countrys job growth between 2012 and 2017.

California`s strong economic performance relative to other industrialized economies is driven by worker productivity.

All economic sectors in California is growing, except agriculture, and financial services and real estate are the best sectors. Second is the information sector, which includes many technology companies.

California is known for being rich in gold and pearls, and the gold rush starting in 1848 led to dramatic social and demographic changes, with large-scale emigration from the east and abroad with an accompanying economic boom.

That`s 170 years ago.

Now, you can clearly see another boom; a tech boom. California has a thriving technology sector in Silicon Valley. The worlds smartest tech brains are there. So are the biggest tech companies. But the worlds entertainment capital can also be found in Hollywood, California.

All this makes California a global trendsetter in popular culture, innovation and politics. It is the origin of the film industry, the hippie counterculture, the internet and the personal computer, among others.

The San Francisco Bay Area and the Greater Los Angeles Area are widely seen as the centers of the global technology and entertainment industries. Many of the richest people live in San Francisco and the nation`s highest GDP per capita in 2016 was $94,000.

We have a revolution going on. So was it 150 years ago. The industrial revolution started in England. It was the name given to the first factory automation initially in the manufacture of Textiles. At that time, many current US state capitals did not exist.

At that time, London was the biggest city in the world, and England was the biggest trading nation. England produced more steel than the rest of the world put together, and steam engine driven trains were rapidly taking over long distance travel.

150 years ago saw a prolific range of inventions around electricity, culminating in the inventions of the electric light bulb and the electric motor.

Inventors in this field at this time were; Frenchmen Volta (1800 the Volt) and then Ampere (the Amp) followed by Oersted, Faraday and Maxwell. These inventors in Europe were followed by the American Edison probably the most prolific inventor of all time (1847 – 1931).

Edison produced the electric light bulb, the first public supply of electricity, the gramophone, the movies and the thermionic valve-later the triode.

English physicist Sir Joseph Wilson Swan also independently invented the electric light bulb (1860). He also invented Bromide paper (1876) still used today for photographic prints.

150 years ago telephone technology was invented. Initially the transmission of coded text messages over copper wire between England and France by Morse Code and then in the US Alexander Graham Bell invented the telephone to carry voice over the same wires in 1875.

Englishman Charles Darwin publishes his theory of «Origin of Species by means of natural selection» (Now of course supported by genetics. Then dangerous and revolutionary thinking flying in the face of the accepted «Creation» in the Bible.

Now, California and Silicon Valley is the place to be. A place with economic growth which is higher than the United Kingdom. This is an evolution.

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized