Tag Archives: Interest rate

FOMC will evaluate whether employment and inflation are continuing to evolve in line with their expectations

What a Trump rally. The market has added $3 trillion in value since his election during the congressional address. It`s strange to see the stock market go straight up while MSM is looking in the opposite direction.

The investor sentiment has not been this high since 1987. Consumer Confidence climbed to the highest level since 2001, and all this is good news for the economy. People have been in “heaven” since the Nov 8 election of Donald Trump.

What about Fed Chair Janet Yellen? Is a rate hike on the table?

 

 

Consumer confidence is important because people`s spending accounts for about 70 percent of the U.S economic activity. The Commerce Department reported that the U.S economy grew at a sluggish 1,9 percent from October through December. Consumer spending expanded 3 percent annual rate.

The Fed kept the target range for its federal funds steady at 0,5 percent to 0,75 percent during its February 2017 meeting. It was in line with market expectations and following a 25bps hike in December.

Interest Rate in the United States saw a record low of 0,25 percent in December of 2008, but reached an all-time high of 20 percent in March of 1980.

Two things will be very important for Fed Chair Janet Yellen at the March meeting: employment and inflation.

The recovery since the adverse shocks in recent years are now looking good, and economic developments since mid-2016 have reinforced the Committee`s confidence and on the way to reach their goals.

The unemployment rate came in at 4,8 percent in January, so the job gains is quite solid, and in line with the median FOMC participants’ estimates of its longer-run normal level. The committee currently accesses that the risk to the outlook are roughly balanced.

The job market is strong and inflation is rising toward Yellen`s target. The median assessment of FOMC participants as of last December was that a cumulative 3/4 percentage point increase in the target range for the federal funds rate would likely be appropriate over the course of this year.

In light of current economic conditions, such an increase would be consistent with the Committee`s expectations that it will raise the target range for the federal funds rate at a gradual pace and would bring the real federal funds rate close to some estimates of this current neutral level.

Janet Yellen will increase the federal funds rate based on the economic date that comes in, and the committee will evaluate whether employment and inflation are continuing to evolve in line with their expectations.

I don`t think Monetary policy is sustainable in the long run. Therefore; we will probably see a shift from monetary to fiscal policy. Say goodby to Yellen and hello to Trump.

 

 

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Japan`s Megabanks are up about 50% since the election

This week is a week for a special focus on the banks around the world. Today, I will take a closer look at the banks in Japan.

Japans interest rate peaked in the 70s and 80`s at about 9%, and it went down to 6% in 1991. Then it started to fall down with the stock market. As you may know, Japan has printed tons of money and a great recovery has never happened.

 

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Japan are in a very special situation. The Bank of Japan left the interest rate unchanged at -0,1% at its December 2016 meeting, as widely expected. In addition; policy makers also decided to maintain its 10-years government bond yield target around 0% and viewed a moderate recovery trend in the economy had continued while exports has picked up.

With regard to the amount of JGB`s to be purchased, the Bank will conduct buying at more or less the current pace. An annual pace of increase of about 80 trillion yen.

The biggest banks in Japan are up about 50% since the election.

On top of all this, Japan will continue with its craziness and monetize about $670 billion`s worth of bonds per year.Wow!

Japan`s economy has continued its moderate recovery trend, and overseas economics have continued to grow at moderate pace, although emerging economies remain sluggish in part. In this situation exports have picked up.

Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said the sales for American cars are poor, pushing back after President Donald Trump described the trade imbalance on vehicles as «unfair». Japan exported 1,6 million cars in 2015. Sales of American cars in Japan are almost non-existent, while only 19 000 cars were sold in Japan in 2015, trade minister Hiroshige Seko said.

The reason for the bad sale is competition and not tariff.

Despite all the noise from the U.S and Trump`s fiscal and trade policies, and a number of unclear factors like Brexit, trade deals and the global economic situation, Japan will see its economy grow in 2017 on the back of the weak yen and government steps to stimulate sluggish consumption, economists have said.

They predict that 2017 will be a positive year for Japan, and the government looks to craft more measures to help boost consumption.

A weaker yen against the dollar will also help boost Japanese exporters and their revenue.

Shinzo Abe will meet Donald Trump in Washington 10 February this year.

 

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Very important week

Next week will be exiting. The earnings season is at the end and investors focus now will be on a flood of data coming in. It all starts on monday March 14 were the Bank of Japan will announce its policies.

Bank of Japan Gov. Haruhiko Kuroda is in a special situation. Just like ECBs Mario Draghi, he talked about his «bazooka» and said he wanted to do whatever it takes to get Japans economy back on track to a stable growth.

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The answer so far is negative interest rate, and they started charging commercial banks 0,1% interest on some reserves last month. That lowered the borrowing cost, but on the other hand, it made some confusion about the effects on Japan`s savers.

Haruhiko Kuroda has been called to parliament for questioning many times and more than any other central bank chief during the same period. Japanese 10-year Government Bonds traded at -0,20% for the first time in history and dropped farther into negative territory.

Negative rate is also seen in Sweden, Denmark and Switzerland. Sweden`s goal is to raise the inflation. The goal in Denmark and Switzerland is to prevent the currency to raise too much.

Negative rates can be the new normal because none of them turn this situation into a strong economic growth. So, What about America?

All eyes will be on Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen and the Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). The FOMC meeting will kick off on Tuesday 15, and the Fed`s interest rate decision is the highlight on Wednesday 16, with the 2 p.m ET announcement followed by a 2,30 press conference with Fed Chair Janet Yellen.

According to Wall Street Journal`s Jon Hilsenrath who is the mouthpiece of the Fed, the central bank will hold off raising rates this month, but will leave the door open for a hike in April or June this year.

U.S Consumer prices went up 1,4% YoY in January of 2016, and the inflation rate accelerated for the fourth straight month which is very impressive. CPI for February 2016 is scheduled to be released on Wednesday 16.

The European Central Bank (ECB) followed BOJ, and increased QE by 20 billion euros per month on thursday. Not only that. They also lowered interest rates, which is an unexpectedly strong move. The ECB increased its monthly bond buying from 60 to 80 billion euros and drove commercial deposit rates from -0,30% to -0,40% and cut a main refinance rate from 0,05% to 0,00%.

As you may know, many people are very angry. Not only in Europe, but also in America. The middle class is wiped out and businessman Donald Trump knows that. He doesn`t like what he see and want to do something about it; Make America great again.

The battle for the White House continues, and next week`s Ohio and Florida primaries would give Donald Trump the knockout blow necessary to capture the GOP nomination. Anti-Trump groups are spending millions of dollar on TV ads to attack him. Is that enough to stop him? If not, it will be a short way left to the White House.

Very important week.

 

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Filed under Politics, Quantitative Easing, Stock market

Will the Fed raise rates on Thursday?

Do you belive the Fed will hike on Thursday?

If so, you are among economists and strategists that belive so, but traders are betting strongly against it, and that alone is enough to wait at least one month before liftoff, according to Morgan Stanley.

CME FedWatch tool says the probability is at just 21 percent, and Morgan Stanley said its readings on trading show a 30 percent probability that «overstated the chance» of a rate rise.

Lessons learned in 1994 that reverberated into 1999 and 2004 will prelude a rate hike until the futures market prices one in. In 1999 and 2004, the central bank waited for market expectations to exceed 50 percent before moving, learning a lesson from 1994 when it tightened.

CNBC said there is one good reason the Federal Reserve won`t vote to raise interest rates, and that`s History. So, what is all this about?

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Rates have been near zero since the recession, and the Fed have delayed its first-rate hike since 2006. But why is the interest rate so low? See it like this; The lower the rates, the more problems it is in the economy.

When the economy is strong and everything is okay, interest rates are hiked in order to curb inflation, but when we face tough times, the Fed will cut rates to encourage lending and inject money into the economy.

Investors can predict what the Fed (or other central banks) will do by looking at economic indicators such as;

Retail Sales: Consumer spending
The Consumer Price Index (CPI): Inflation, and
Non-farm Payrolls: Employment levels

If these indicators improve and the economy is doing well, rates will be raised, but if the improvement is small, it will be maintained. Drops in these indicators can mean a rate cut in order to encourage borrowing.

Other indicators to foreshadow changes in the economy is building permits, average weekly hours, new orders and the spread between 10-year Treasuries and the Federal Funds Rate, which is published every month by The Conference Board.

Raising rates will have an impact on the markets. Raising interest rates will cause the dollar to appreciate over the Euro, which means the pair EUR/USD will decline, which is good for the U.S dollar.

If Chairwoman Janet Yellen sends out a dowish signal on Thursday, it may help to boost stocks and undermine the dollar. Investors will pay less attention to gold and allocate more of their capital into equities.

A hawkish message, including a rate increase, may help unpin the dollar and undermine stocks and gold. So, the upside will be limited for gold in both scenarios, unless we see a massive selloff in equities and the dollar.

Changes in monetary policy will ultimately cause currency exchange rates to change, and paying close attention to the news and analyzing the actions of the Fed (in this case) is vital for forex traders.

The interest rates impact currencies because the greater the rate of return, the greater the interest accrued on currency invested and the higher the profit. So how can you profit on it? The strategy is very simple, but also very risky. You can simply borrow currencies with a lower interest rate in order to buy currencies that have a higher interest rate, and this strategy is known as carry trade.

The shift in interest rate represent a monetary policy-based response as a result of economic indicators that assess the health of the economy. Most importantly; they possess the power to move the market immediately. So, how healthy is the U.S economy?

Nonfarm Payrolls is up: 215K
May, June Revisions: 14K
Unemployment Rate: 5,3%
Avg. Hourly Wages: 0,2%
Labor Force Participation: 62,6%
Consumer Price Index: -0,1%

A key measure of inflation dropped 0,1% last month for the first time since January due to sliding gasoline costs, and this is something for the FOMC (Federal Open Market Committee) on its policy meeting Wednesday and Thursday this week.

Central bank leaders have said they want to be confident inflation is heading toward their 2 percent target. Low inflation is a sign of economic weakness, and raising rates too soon risks harming the economic expansion.

IMF (International Monetary Fund) and the World Bank have asked the Fed to delay its first-rate hike since 2006.

The world`s financial watchdog is the BIS (the Bank of International Settlement) and are considered the «bank of central banks». BIS has warned that a Fed rate hike could have a huge effect on the global economy and particularly in emerging markets.

According to a BIS report, much of the global financial system remains anchored to U.S borrowing rates, and a rate hike at home tends to have an impact on higher rates in other economies. The enormous amount of debt in the emerging markets has the potential to move the markets even with a small rate hike.

Everybody knows that sooner or later, a rate hike might be necessary. No matter the results in the financial markets will be. Some belive the Fed will hold off on raising rates until December.

I really look forward to Janet Yellen`s speech on Thursday at 2 p.m. Washington time.

 

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication. UA-63539824-1.

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Filed under Commodities, Emerging markets, Politics, Stock market

Bank Stocks and Interest Rates

The IMF (International Monetary Fund) predicted the U.S economy would grow only 2,5% in 2015, and that`s down from their previous prediction at 3,1%. IMF urged the Fed (The Federal Reserve) to wait until first half of next year to start raising short-term interest rates.

The U.S central bank has kept its key benchmark rate at a record low near zero since December 2008, and the IMF said the Fed should wait for more signs of improvement. What they will look for is «greater signs of wage or price inflation».

IMF Managing Director Christine Lagarde said «The economy would be better off with a rate hike in early 2016», and Fed Chair Janet L. Yellen said she expects to begin raising rates by the end of the year, while some economist speculate that the Fed will start raising rates in September. They both know much better than me that deflation is more dangerous than inflation, and deflation is what they are fighting against and not inflation.

Many are bullish on bank stocks.

 

 

BKX Bank Stocks
The KBW Bank Index is up 0,86% right now. Trading at 77,96 which is up 0,66 points. That`s much better than the bottom at 18,62 on March 6, 2009, but down since the top at 118,06 on May 18, 2007.

Technically speaking, the index is breaking the resistance, and the bank stocks are increasing, while the precious metal is declining. Gold is still in a bearish territory and the price is still below $1,200 an ounce.

What`s going on? Higher rates is good for the banks because they can charge more for loans and earn more because of bigger profits on the spreads between loan rates and deposits. Buoyant outlook for the U.S economy in the second half of 2015, and the expected interest rate hikes blows up the banking index.

In the predictions for 2015 I talked about the interest rate to start to increase in 15 – 18 months, and that should be next year. I also talked about how it will start, and it is predicted to see that the rates will go up slowly.

Banks will benefit from a stronger economy and higher interest rates. The legendary investor Warren Buffett seems to see something in the banks earnings, which reflects more than their current stock valuations.

Warren Buffet and his company Berkshire Hathaway (BRK-A) has added much more to its holdings of Wells Fargo (WFC) and U.S Bancorp (USB), and the banks seems to have taken its reputation back since the financial scandals a few years ago.

Citibank is upgraded to buy by Goldman and the New York-based firm is showing progress in increasing earnings and returning capital to shareholders. Citibank is the only firm in the KBW index that is trading below tangible book value, but that will probably end soon.

Investors are keeping a close eye on bank stocks, especially money center banks, since the Fed has indicated a rise in the interest rate. Their key focus is Bank of America, because they will earn on the rise in interest rates.

If the rates increase 1% it is estimated that Bank of America will increase their earning by a whopping 20%.

Rising dollar means a strong economy, and stronger dollar and rising interest rates is bearish for gold, but the precious metal can go up in a rising interest rate environment, but only if an inflation problem is implied by the rise in yields.

To measure that, you can look at the spread between inflation protected U.S Treasury bonds (TIPS) and unprotected long-term bonds (TLT). The rise in yields (drop in T bonds) is due to rising concerns about inflation.

280,000 new jobs was added and that was better than expected (estimate of 226,000) in May, which created a steeper yield curve. Long-term interest rates increased more than short-term interest rates.

Rising bank stocks are signaling economic recovery.

Bank stocks are increasing because they earn money. If not, a flattering yield curve would squeeze bank net interest margins and profits, and investors would run from the banks.

IMF and the Fed said that they don`t know when to rise the interest rate. They will wait for the coming data and so should you.

 


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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication. UA-63539824-1.

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