The next election to the European Parliament is expected to be held between 23 and 26 May 2019, and will be the ninth parliamentary election since the first direct elections in 1979. A total of 751 members of the European Parliament (MEP`s) currently represent more than 512 million people from 28 member states.
The polarization of the European Parliament after the 2019 election is growing. Centrist parties, including center-left, center-right and liberal parties, are struggling to maintain a majority (376) of seats.
The ninth parliamentary election will make a big change because new parties such as Confederation and Kukiz
15 of Poland, Czech Pirate Party of Czech Republic, Alliance, Basta! And Liberal Initiative of Portugal, USR and PLUS of Romania, LMS of Slovenia, Human Shield, Most and Workers Front of Croatia, L`SNS and Sme Rodina of Slovakia will participate.
For the liberals, the biggest hope is that the new La Rèpublique En Marche! of French President Macron will choose to join ALDE after the elctions.
However, En marche is expected to be more likely to try to form a new parliamentary group of pro-European centrists who support Macron`s plans to reform the European institutions, thus drawing away members from ALDE, EPP and S&D.
Possible partners for such a project might include Spanish Ciudadanos, Progressive Slovakia and the Hungarian Momentum Movement. While it is likely that En Marche will put together the minimum of 25 MEP
s needed to form a group, the requirement to include MEPs from at least seven member states would be more difficult.
The European Spring initiated from the Democracy in Europe Movement 2025 will run as a pan-European party alliance with one unified vision for Europe; the European Green New Deal.
The most prominent figure is the former Greek minister Yanis Varoufakis, who will run as candidate in the constituency of Germany.
Volt Europa, a pan-European progressive movement, will run in several countries under the same name in the attempt to form its own group.
The leader of the Italian Five Star Movement has expressed a desire to form an anti-establishment faction of their own within the EU.
Pablo Iglesias, Catarina Martins, Jean-Luc Mèlenchon and several others have formed an alliance in Maintenant le Peuple opposed to the PEL, but they are likely remain in GUE/NGL.
The Movement is an alliance of right-wing populist parties set up by Steve Bannon with the purpose of contesting the European elections. Participating parties include Lega Nord, People`s Party of Belgium and Brothers of Italy and possible French National Rally.
Originally envisioned as an attempt to unite the right-wing populist parties in Europe. The Movement has so far been snubbed by the Alternative for Germany, the Freedom Party of Austria and the UK Independence Party.
The biggest party is the European People
s Party (EPP), followed by Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D) and Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) + En Marche! Next can be Salvinis European Alliance of People and Nations (ex ENF).
EPP`s Incumbent Jean-Claude Juncker has stated he will not seek a second term as President. Two candidates sought the nomination of the EPP: Alexander Stubb, the Vice-President of the European Investment Bank, former prime minister, foreign minister and finance minister of Finland.
Manfred Weber, current group leader for the European People`s Party in the European Parliament and member of the Christian Social Union in Bavaria has been backed by Angela merkel as Spitzenkadidat for the party.
Oriol Junqueras, a Catalan historian, academic and former Vice President of Catalonia who is currently imprisoned because of his involvement in the 2017 Catalan independence referendum, is the Spitzenkadidat of the European Free Alliance.
Eurosceptic parties are expected to make a strong showing at the polls and all the Brexit-mess have made Eurosceptics more silent. So, instead of leaving the EU, Europe
s right-wing nationalists like Marine Le Pen of France, Italys Matteo Salvini, and the AfD will stay and rather try to «change the EU from the inside».
European economics commissioner Pierre Moscovici has warned of the dangers of a populist «breakthrough» for the EU`s future. He describes these elections as the «most delicate and most dangerous ever».
The nationalist Eurosceptics threatened to «destroy the EU as we know it», Pierre said. Choose your future.
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