Tag Archives: Shares outstanding

Earnings per share (EPS) 2

EPS is considered to be the single most important variable in determining a companies share price.

Definition:

The portion of a company’s profit allocated to each outstanding share of common stock. Earnings per share serves as an indicator of a company’s profitability.

The most important thing in finance is “time”. When are the transactions going to be paid? That`s because the world it changing, so are the currency and the value of the money.

So, it is very important to compare apples to apples. Otherwise, it will be difficult to make an investment decision. It`s meaningless to compare the price of two different stocks.

It doesn`t make sense to compare the earnings of two different companies either. Why? Because, like I said in my article: “Earnings per share 1”, all the companies have different number of outstanding shares. This is important to know.

Let`s say Company Company A and B both earn $1000, but Company A have 10 shares outstanding and Company B have 100 shares outstanding. See? What company do you want own?

It`s better to compare two different companies by looking at the earnings per share (EPS). A simple tool to use. You calculate earnings per share by taking the net earnings and divide it by outstanding shares.

EPS = Net Earnings / Outstanding shares

In our example, Company A had earnings of $1000 and 10 shares outstanding. EPS for Company A is 100. (1000/10=100).

Company B also had earnings of $1000 but 100 shares outstanding. EPS for Company B is 10. (1000/100=10).

Wow! Buy shares in Company A you say. Maybe, but it is not enough to make that decision only on the basis of its EPS. It`s helpful to compare two companies, assuming they are in the same business, but it doesn`t tell you whether it`s a great stock or not. It doesn`t tell you what the market think of the stock either. We need to look at some ratios.

Keep in mind that there are three types of EPS:

Trailing EPS – last year’s numbers (the only actual EPS)

Current EPS – this year’s numbers (still projections)

Forward EPS – future numbers (obviously projections)

I have tried to make this as easy as possible, but if you want, we can make it more difficult. We need to remember diluted shares, dividende, warrants and so on. I am not gonna write about that today, so hang on, we will discuss that later. I just don`t want to complicate it now.

News today: FED Chairman Ben Bernanke speaks today at 7:00pm.

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Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Earnings per share (EPS) 1

Don`t look at only the price of the stock. That is not enough. A stock that is priced at $30 can be cheaper than a stock priced at $10. Some people tend to think that a stock price reflects the value relative to other stocks, but that is terribly wrong!

The price of the shares is completely meaningless to investors that is doing fundamental analysis. The market cap is found by multiplying the per-share price times the total number of outstanding shares. This number gives you the total value of the company or stated another way, what it would cost to buy the whole company on the open market.

The per-share price is changing all the time, and that is why we aren`t so concerned about it. All the companies have a different number of outstanding shares, and that doesn`t tell us what the value of the company is. What we are looking for are the market capitalization (market cap).

You can find the market cap by multiplying the per-share price times the total number of outstanding shares which means what investors need to pay for the whole company on the open market.

Let`s say the stock price is $5. Outstanding shares: 10 million. The market cap is $5 x 10 000 000 = 50 000 000. But, what if Company B have a stock price of $2 and outstanding shares is 100 000 000? Market cap is $200 000 000. So, what company do you want`t own? Stock price $5 or $2?

Do not only look at the per-share prices because it doesn`t tell much. Look for a stock compared to another stock that is similar in the same business. Market cap gives you a better picture of the companys value, and the market put the stocks into three categories:

Small Cap under $1 billion

Mid Cap $1 – $10 billion

Large Cap $10 billion+

The most important thing is to understand the comparing companies of similar size in the same business when you are doing your evaluation. Market Cap is better than evaluating per-share price of a stock. How do you find earnings per-share? I will write more about that next week.

News today: Empire State Manufacturing Index & Import Prices at 8:30am, Capacity Utilization Rate & Industrial Production at 9:15am.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

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Filed under Stock market, Stocks