Political Correctness are intended to avoid offence or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society

Political correctness is used to describe language, policies, or measures that are intended to avoid offence or disadvantage to members of particular groups in society. Since the late 1980`s, the term has come to refer to avoiding language or behavior that can be seen as excluding, marginalizing, or insulting groups of people considered disadvantaged or discriminated against, especially groups defined by sex or race. In public discourse and the media, it is generally used as a pejorative, implying that these policies are excessive.

 

 

The phrase was widely used in the debate about Allan Blooms 1987 book «The closing of the American Mind», and gained further currency in response to Roger Kimballs «Tenured Radicals (1990), and conservative author Dinesh DSouzas 1991 book Illiberal Education, in which he condemned what he saw as liberal efforts to advance self-victimization and multiculturalism through language, affirmative action, and changes to the content of school and university curricula.

Commentators on the left contend that conservatives use the concept of political correctness to downplay and divert attention from substantively discriminatory behavior against disadvantaged groups.

They also argue that the right enforces its own forms of political correctness to suppress criticism of its favored constituencies and ideologies. The term has played a major role in the United States culture war between liberals and conservatives.

In 1793, the term «political correct» appeared in the U.S Supreme Court judgement of a political lawsuit. The term also had use in other English-speaking countries in the 1800`s. The term probably interned use in the United Kingdom around 1975.

In the early to mid 20th century, the phrase «political correct» was used to describe strict adherence to a range of ideological orthodoxies. In 1934, the New York Times reported that Nazi Germany was granting reporting permits «only to pure Aryans whose opinions are politically correct.»

As marxist-Leninist movements gained political power, the phrase came to be associated with accusations of dogmatic application of doctrine, in debates between American Communists and American Socialists.

This usage referred to the Communist party line which, in the eyes of the Socialists, provided «correct» positions on all political matters.

According to American educator Herbert Kohl, writing about debates in New York in the late 1940s and early 1950s,

«The term «political correct» was used disparagingly, to refer to someone whose loyalty to the CP line overrode compassion, and led to bad politics. It was used by Socialists against Communists, and was meant to separate out Socialists who believed in egalitarian moral ideas from dogmatic Communists who would advocate and defend party positions regardless of their moral substance.»

 

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