Tag Archives: Rome

A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious, but it cannot survive  treason from within

Marcus Tullius Cicero is considered one of Rome`s greatest orators and prose stylists. He was a Roman statesman, orator, lawyer and philosopher, who served as consul in the year 63 BC. According to Michael Grant, “the influence of Cicero upon the history of European literature and ideas greatly exceeds that of any other prose writer in any language.”

His works rank among the most influential in European culture, and today still constitute one of the most important bodies of primary material for the writing and revision of Roman history, especially the last days of Roman Republic.

Cicero believed his political career was his most important achievement. It was during his consulship that the second Catilinarian conspiracy attempted to overthrow the government through an attack on the city by outside forces, and Cicero suppressed the revolt by summarily and controversially executed five conspirators.

During the chaotic latter half of the 1st century BC marked by civil wars and Julius Caesar, Cicero championed a return to the traditional republican government. Living in Rome at that time gave Cicero an idea of how the real traitor act. Cicero said:

“A nation can survive its fools, and even the ambitious, but it cannot survive treason from within. An enemy at the gates is less formidable, for he is known and carries his banner openly. But the traitor moves amongst those within the gate freely, his sly whispers rustling through all the alleys, heard in the very halls of government itself.

For the traitor appears not a traitor; he speaks in accents familiar to his victims, and he wears their face and their arguments, he appeals to the baseness that lies deep in the heart of all men. He rots the soul of a nation, he works secretly and unknown in the night to undermine the pillars of the city, he infects the body politic so that it can no longe resist. A murderer is less to fear.”

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Politics

Around 40% of voters in Italy remain undecided and no party or alliance is expected to earn an outright majority

Take a look at the history and you can clearly see that all the roads leads us back to Rome and Italy.

A country that gave the world pizza. The founder of that dish is a genius. The term pizza was first recorded in the 10th century, in a Latin manuscript from the Southern Italian town of Gaeta in Lazio.

Not only that. Rome is also the capital of Italy, and serves as the capital of the Lazio region. The Vatican City is an independent country inside the city boundaries of Rome, which means Rome has been often defined as capital of two states. 4,3 million residents live in the metropolitan City of Rome, and most of them head to the polls on Sunday in a vote that will be closely watched by European leaders.

Italys election on Sunday will test Europenerves, because it can make instability in the eurozones thrid-largest economy. It should be a great place on earth, but it isnt. Italy`s unemployment rate rose to 11,1 percent in January 2018, and the youth unemployment rate fell to 31,5 percent, which is the lowest since December 2011.

The Italian economy advanced by 0,3 percent on quarter in the three months to December of 2017, so the growth is very slow. The Italian stock marked plummeted during the financial crisis ten years ago. The unemployment rate was at its lowest in 2007, but skyrocketed after the crisis.

Italy`s Government debt reached an all time high of 132 percent in 2016 which is more than the U.S but it dropped to 131,5 percent last year. Italy need a change, but that change can be painful and Italy can be drown into months of further political deadlock.

Around 40% of voters remain undecided and no party or alliance is expected to earn an outright majority, according to analysts.

European leaders are watching this election closely because so far, polls are telling us that the populist, anti-European Union Five Star Movement (M5S) is the biggest party. Twice as big as Forza Italia and the Democratic party at the second place.

The M5S is founded by Beppe Grillo who is a popular comedian and blogger. The party is considered populist, anti-establishment, environmentalist, anti-globalist, and Eurosceptic. At the 2013 general election the M5S was the most voted party.

People in Italy and many of their parties are euroskeptic, and one issue has dominated the pre-election debate, and that is immigration. Hundreds of thousands have arrived from Africa to Italy recently, and the debate over immigration has highlighted racial tensions ahead of Sunday`s vote.

Right-wing parties have pushed an anti-immigration agenda, and former Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi has warned that all the migrants in Italy has caused «serious social alarm,» and said that more than 600 000 undocumented migrants must be deported.

Migration has been a serious issue in Italy in many decades. When the Pope look outside the window in the Vatican, he can see some right-wing parties, but also some neo-fascist political parties.

Fascism is also coming from Italy. The founder of fascism is Benito Mussolini and he outlined three principles of a fascist philosophy.

  1. Everything in the state. The Government is supreme and the country is all-encompassing, and all within it must confront the ruling body, often a dictator.
  2. Nothing outside the state. The country must grow and the implied goal of any fascist nation is to rule the country, and have every human submit to the government.
  3. Nothing against the state. Any type of questioning the government is not to be tolerated. If you do not see things our way, you are wrong. If you do not agree with the government, you cannot be allowed to live and taint the minds of the rest of the good citizens.

The use of militarism was implied only as a means to accomplish one of the three above principles, mainly to keep people and rest of the world in line. Fascist countries are known for their harmony and lack of internal strife. There are no conflicting parties or elections in fascist countries.

There were a demonstration in Maceratata on February 10, and Italian protesters hold a banner reading «Against fascism, racism and sexism, everyday, in all cities.» Similar to how it was in Italy about 100 years ago, but it was a different march. The opposite.

The March on Rome was an organized mass demonstration in October 1922, which resulted in Benito Mussolini`s National Fascist Party. Fascists saw WWI as a revolution that brought massive changes to the nature of war, society, the state and technology.

Italy has an unproven new system in place for the voters. On top of that there is a bloc of undecided voters, so analysts say that Italy is headed toward a hung parliament. Berlusconi`s right-wing coalition can win. So can the Democratic party, Forza Italia and other centrist allies. It can also be a populist government of M5S and Northern League.

Another option is that the Gentiloni government will continue like it is today. If so, they will start long discussions on whether to build an all-party technical government.

The political situation in Italy right now, with its government instability, economic problems and repeated elections are building up to a perfect storm. It can be harmful for one of the main European democracies, but it can be very harmful for an already weak European Union in an already weak continental alliance too. Especially after Brexit.

Rome is called the «Caput Mundi» (Capital of the World). Rome is also regarded as the birthplace of Western civilisation and by some as the first ever metropolis. Rome is the 3rd most visited in the European Union, and Colosseum are among the world`s most visited tourist destinations.

After the fall of the Western Empire, which marked the beginning of the Middle Ages, Rome fell under the political control of the Papacy. All of this is a part of an evolution, so the show must go on.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

———————————————–advertisement——————————————————-

Polo Shirt

High quality Polo shirt with Shinybull logo. This version is made from breathable 100% cotton. Short sleeves and ribbed armbands.

$125.00

Polo Shirt

High quality Polo shirt with Shinybull logo. This version is made from breathable 100% cotton. Short sleeves and ribbed armbands.

$125.00

Leave a comment

Filed under Politics

In a time of Roman Empire, Nero is determined to rid Rome of Christians, which is similar to what we experience today

Easter is just around the corner. A festival and holiday that is celebrating the resurrection of Jesus from the dead, described in the New Testament as having occurred on the third day of his burial after his crucifixion by the Romans at Calvary c 30 AD.

The New Testament states that the resurrection of Jesus, which Easter celebrates, is a foundation of the Christian faith. The resurrection established Jesus as the powerful Son of God, and is cited as proof that God will judge the world in righteousness.

Most Christians refer to the week before Easter as «Holy Week». This time, a new film called Paul, Apostle of Christ will be released the same week. This film is an upcoming American biblical drama film written by Andrew Hyatt, and starring James Faulkner as Saint Paul and Jim Caviezel as Saint Luke. What happened at that time in a time of a Roman Empire, is similar to whats happening today.

Paul, Apostle of Christ is the story of two men. Luke as a friend and physician, risks his life when he venture into the city of Rome to visit Paul, who is held captive in Nero`s darkest, bleakest prison cell.

But Nero is determined to rid Rome of Christians, and does not flinch from executing them in the grisliest ways possible.

Before Paul`s death sentence can be enacted. Luke resolves to write another book, one that details the beginnings of «The Way» and the birth of what will come to be known as the church.

Bound in chains, Paul`s struggle is internal. He has survived so much, floggings, shipwreck, starvation, stoning, hunger and thirst, cold and exposure, yet as he waits for his appointment with death, he is haunted by the shadows of his past misdeeds.

Alone in the dark, he wonders if he has been forgotten…. and if he has the strength to finish well.

Two men struggle against a determined emperor and the frailties of the human spirit in order to live out the Gospel of Jesus Christ and spread their message to the world.

Their faith challenged an Empire. Their words changed the world.

It is a war between the good and the bad, and whats make people angry is Lucifer.  Jim Caviezel said in a speech earlier this year that he want Lucifer to go back to hell were he belongs.

Lucifer is a controversial angel who some belive is the most evil living being in the universe. Lucifer (the devil) is a metaphor for evil and deceit, and he leads other demons in hell and works to harm human beings.

As the ultimate liar, Lucifer (whose name changed to Satan after his fall) twists spiritual truth with the goal of leading as many people as possible away from God. Many people say that the fallen angels` work has brought only evil and destructive results in the world.

Paul, Apostle of Christ, In theaters March 23, 2018.

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

———————————————–advertisement——————————————————-

Polo Shirt

High quality Polo shirt with Shinybull logo. This version is made from breathable 100% cotton. Short sleeves and ribbed armbands.

$125.00

 

Polo Shirt

High quality Polo shirt with Shinybull logo. This version is made from breathable 100% cotton. Short sleeves and ribbed armbands.

$125.00

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

The assassination of Julius Caesar and “the ides of March”

Today, On March 15, 44 BC, the founder of the Roman Republic and the rise of Roman Empire, Julius Caesar was assassinated and killed by members of the Roman Senate. The world`s most famous political murders.

Caesars second heir were among the assassins. There were totally as many as sixty assassins. Caesar was stabbed twenty-three times and died at the base of Pompeys statue, but the assassins made a big mistake.

They didnt know what to do after Caesars death.

 

Caesar

 

They didnt have a plan, so they mistakenly allowed Marcus Antonius (Mark Antonio), who was Caesars cousin and right-hand man, to live. Caesar`s death is a key moment in history. It all resulted in a cycle of civil wars, which resulted in one of the most significant constitutional transformations in history.

They went from a republican system of government and became an empire. Supporters of the Republic point to how it threw off the tyrannical king Tarquin the Proud and introduced elements of democracy.

It became popular also in Italy, France, Spain, Greece, Macedonia, Syria, Libya, Egypt, Turkey and Tunisia.

Julius Caesar was born 12 July 100 BCE. His father was a Praetor who governed the province of Asia and his mother was of noble birth. Both held to the popular ideology of Rome which favored democratization of government and more rights for the lower class as opposed to the optimates factions` claim of the superiority of the nobility and tradition Roman values which favored the upper classes.

It should be understood that the Optimate and the Populare were not political parties in conflict with each other but, rather, political ideologies which many people shifted toward and from, regardless of class in society.

The concept of appealing to the people for support, rather than seeking approval from the Roman Senate or the other Patricians, would work well for Caesar later in life.

 

ancient-18496_960_720

Gaius Julius Caesar was Roman statesman, general, and notable author of Latin Prose. Caesar was extremely talented in many ways which is very unusual. He was a military colossus, compelling writer, original thinker, magnetic orator, dynamic reformer and magnanimous politician.

He was also narcissistic, manipulative, egotistical, sexual predatory, shockingly savage in war even by Roman standards, and monomaniacal obsessed with acquiring absolute power for himself. Caesar is considered by many historians to be one of the greatest military commanders in history.

Thanks to William Shakespeare, «Beware the ides of March» means that people always remember March 15.

In 60 BC, Caesar, Crassus and Pompey formed a political alliance that dominated Roman politics for several years. Their attempts to amass power through populist tactics were opposed by the conservative ruling class within the Roman Senate.

Caesars victories in the Gallic Wars, completed by 51 BC, extended Romes territory to the English Channel and Rhine. Caesar became the first Roman general to cross both when he built a bridge across the Rhine and conducted the first invasion of Britain.

These achievement granted him unmatched military power and threatened to eclipse the standing of Pompey, who had realigned himself with the Senate after the death of Crassus in 53 BC. With the Gallic Wars concluded, the Senate ordered Caesar to step down from his military command and return to Rome.

Caesar refuse the order, and instead marked his defiance in 49 BC by crossing the Rubicon with a legion, leaving his province and illegally entering Roman Italy under arms. Civil war resulted, and Caesar`s victory in the war put him in an unrivaled position of power and influence.

After assuming control of government, Caesar began a programme of social and governmental reforms, including the creation of the Julian Calendar. He centralised the bureaucracy of the Republic and was eventually proclaimed «dictator in perpetuity», giving him additional authority.

 

the-forum-1160739_960_720

But underlying political conflicts had not been resolved, and on the Ides of March (15 March) 44 BC, Caesar was assassinated by a group of rebellious senators.

A new civil war broke out, and the constitutional government of the Republic was never fully restored. Caesar`s adoped heir Octavian, later known as Augustus, rose to sole power after defeating his opponents in the civil war. Octavian set about solidifying his power, and the era of the Roman Empire began.

Rome finally became an empire at the end of the 1st century BC, under Augustus and his authoritarian successors. The Roman Empire had its centre in the Mediterranean, controlling all the countries on its shores; the northern border was marked by the Rhine and Danube rivers.

The Empire reached its maximum expansion, controlling approximately 5,900,000 km2 of land surface, including Britain, Romania and parts of Mesopotamia, Pax Romana, a period of peace, civilisation and an efficient centralised government in the subject territories ended in the 3rd century, when a series of civil wars undermined Rome`s economic and social strength.

The Roman Empire had been repeatedly attacked by invading armies from Northern Europe and in 476, Rome finally fell.

British historian Edward Gibbon argued in «The History of the Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire» (1776) that the Romans had become decadent, they had lost civic virtue.

Glen W. Bowersock has remarked, «we have been obsessed with the fall: it has been valued as an archetype for every perceived decline, and, hence, as a symbol for our own fears.» It remains one of the greatest historical questions, and has a tradition rich in scholarly interest.

Over time many theories have been proposed on why the Empire fell, or whether indeed it fell at all.

I love The United States, but what I love is the Republic. Not the Empire. Some empires are planned, some are not, and empires created on purpose, such as Napoleonic France and Nazi Germany, have rarely lasted.

After World War II (1945), The United States became an empire. All Empire`s are a part of an evolution.

What`s the next step?

 

sbnews

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized

Old Carols are still very popular

It`s christmas-time and what is christmas without good old songs from Frank Sinatra, Nat King Cole, Tony Bennett, Bing Crosby, Dean Martin and Elvis Presley to name a few?

And what are they actually singing? It`s old songs!

The fist known Christmas hymns may be traced to fourth century Rome. Christmas carol is also called a Noel, from the French word meaning «Christmas», and carol is a song or hymn whose lyrics are on the theme of Christmas.

angels

(Picture: Angels singing)

 

Silent Night (1818)
The words behind Silent Night is Josef Mohr. Music; Franz Xaver Gruber. I assume you have heard the song many times, and the song «Silent Night» was written in 1818. This is one of the world`s most popular Christmas carols and this song comes in several different translations from the German original.

It started out as a poem by the Austrian Catholic priest Father Josef Mohr in 1816. He made the song two years later in 1818. Josef Mohr was curate at the parish church of St Nicola in Oberndorf when he asked Franz Xaver Gruber (organist and local schoolteacher) to make some music to his words of Silent Night.

Silent Night was first performed at midnight mass on Christmas eve 1818 by Mohr and Gruber themselves. The song played a key role in the unofficial truce in the trenches in 1914 because it was one of the only carols that both British and German soldiers knew. The first English translation was in 1871.

Hark! The Herald Angels Sing (1739 or earlier)
Charles Wesley wrote as many as 9,000 hymns and poems, and Hark! The Herald Angels Sing is one of his best known. Charles, (the brother of Methodist founder John Wesley), originally entitled the song Hark How All the Welkin Rings, and Welkin is an old word meaning sky or heaven.

God rest you merry, Gentlemen (Origin unknown)
This is one of the Victorians` favourites and this one is thought to have originated in London in the 16th or 17th centuries before running to several different versions with different tunes all over England.

Christmas carols were mostly a Victorian tradition along with trees, crackers and cards, and songs like The Holly and the Ivy reminds us of more ancient yuletides. Most carols are less than 200 years old, but Christmas was celebrated in song in the Middle Ages.

God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen was first published in 1833 when it appeared in “Christmas Carols Ancient and Modern,” a collection of seasonal carols gathered by William B. Sandys. The lyrics of God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen are traditional olde English and are reputed to date back to the 15th century although the author is unknown.
It is believed that this particular carol was sung to the gentry by town watchmen who earned additional money during the Christmas season. God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen continues to be enjoyed. The lyrics to this simple carol are reputed to be one of the oldest carols, and goes like this;

jesus1

(Picture: Jesus)

 

God rest ye merry, gentlemen
Let nothing you dismay
Remember, Christ, our Saviour
Was born on Christmas day
To save us all from Satan’s power
When we were gone astray
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

In Bethlehem, in Israel,
This blessed Babe was born
And laid within a manger
Upon this blessed morn
The which His Mother Mary
Did nothing take in scorn
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

From God our Heavenly Father
A blessed Angel came;
And unto certain Shepherds
Brought tidings of the same:
How that in Bethlehem was born
The Son of God by Name.
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

“Fear not then,” said the Angel,
“Let nothing you affright,
This day is born a Saviour
Of a pure Virgin bright,
To free all those who trust in Him
From Satan’s power and might.”
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

satan

(Picture: Satan)

 

The shepherds at those tidings
Rejoiced much in mind,
And left their flocks a-feeding
In tempest, storm and wind:
And went to Bethlehem straightway
The Son of God to find.
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

And when they came to Bethlehem
Where our dear Saviour lay,
They found Him in a manger,
Where oxen feed on hay;
His Mother Mary kneeling down,
Unto the Lord did pray.
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

Now to the Lord sing praises,
All you within this place,
And with true love and brotherhood
Each other now embrace;
This holy tide of Christmas
All other doth deface.
O tidings of comfort and joy,
Comfort and joy
O tidings of comfort and joy

Leave a comment

Filed under Uncategorized