Tag Archives: Margaret Thatcher

China has committed to respect Hong Kong`s autonomy until 2047

A few days after the 30th anniversary of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests in China, hundreds of thousands of people took to the streets of Hong Kong to protest a proposal extradition law. If the bill gets passed, it would allow Chinese authorities to order Hong Kong authorities to arrest and deport suspected criminals to mainland China.

This is a big deall because a lot of so-called «crimes» in mainland China are not crimes in Hong Kong or other free countries. This is crimes like wanting more democracy and rule of law. Liu Xiaobo was a Chinese human rights activist who was sentenced to 11 years in jail.

Liu Xiaobo wanted democracy and he is the founder of the Charter 08 campaign for constitutional reform, but the Communist Party didn`t like that at all. The Catholic bishop died in China after 14 years in prison because of his faith.

Cosmas Shi Enxiang said to have spent half of his 94 years in prison or working in forced labour camps because of his faith. This triggered renewed criticism of the Godless Communist Party`s draconian curtailment of religious freedoms.

This is what British Prime Ministe Margaret Thatcher said in a meeting with Communist leader Deng Xiaoping when they negotiated the terms over Hong Kong to China. They came to this agreement that Britain would give over Hong Kong peacefully to China, under the condition that Hong Kong would be able to retain its way of life, legal system, their economic system, freedom of speech, freedom of press and freedom of association.

These are fundamental freedoms, Thatcher said. Freedom of religious worship. These are fundamental freedoms, and they must continue, she said.

China agreed and said they will let them be independent and govern themselves for 50 years while they kind of adjusted to Chinese rule The system was called «One country, two systems» model and it was kind of unprecedented. And this is why the border between Hong Kong and the rest of China is so weird. It divides China from…..eh…..China. That`s odd.

The border seperates the country into two, but also because it has an expiration date: July 1st, 2047.

Until then, China has promised to stay out and let Hong Kong be highly autnomous. Hence the border. But the government of China doesnt want to wait until 2047. Theyre ready to start erasing this border now.

They want to make Hong Kong a proper part of China and one of the ways theyre doing that is their huge bridge between mainland China and Hong Kong. It is the worlds largest sea crossing bridge and its 55 kilometers. That`s 34 miles. The bridge connects Hong Kong with Macau and mainland China.

But why do Hong Kong have a border with China if they belong to China? We need to look at the history. Britain and China fought a couple of wars over trade in the 1800s and Britain took over Hong Kong as a colony.

At this time, this was a mainly empty rocky group of islands in Southern China. Under British rule, Hong Kongs population and economy exploded and even though Hong Kongs population was mainly made up of immigrants from China, it became a very different society than mainland China which was undergoing a communist revolution.

One of the treaties that China and Britain signed said that Hong Kong would be a British colony for 99 years, which meant that the agreement would officially expire in 1997. Thatcher and Xiaoping had a meeting in the 80`s and called the agreement «One country, two systems.»

The border in Hong Kong became a symbolic of the fact that China was some kind of its own country at the same time. Hong Kong is governed with its own values and its own system that is different than China, that is in opposition to China in some ways.

China has committed to respect Hong Kongs autonomy until 2047, and for the first decade after the handover, they respected that promise. Hong Kong was Chinas most economically productive city. In the early 80s, right before the handover, Hong Kong was more than a quarter of the size of Chinas entire economy. You see why China would agree to these terms. They wante to make Hong Kong happy and economically free. But then things changed.

Shanghai, Chongqing, Beijing, Guangzhou and Shenzhen was growing fast and became China`s Mega Cities. These cities eventually eclipsed Hong Kong as the economic powerhouse of China. Shenzhen is the city that shares the border with Hong Kong went from a small fishing village of around 30,000 people to a super productive economic powerhouse of over 10 million in just a few decades.

Hong Kong made about 27% of Chinas GDP in the early 90s but today the number is only 3%. So, Hong Kong, once the economic powerhouse of China and the gateway to the West, became much less economically relevant.

Now, the Chinese government doesnt have the same incentives to respect Hong Kongs autonomy. This is why we see a flood of Chinese influence in Hong Kong. You can see on the news in Hong Kong. The language of the news in Mandarin which is the official language of China.

But in Hong Kong they dont speak Mandaring, they speak Cantonese. Dont they say if you want to kill a city, you kill its language first?

Last time people in Hong Kong protested was in 2014. The Chinese government was trying to control who could run for Hong Kong`s election in an effort to secure a pro-China candidate.

This really tuched a nerve for the locals because this was their democratic process. Something that China promised they would stay out of. So, people immediately took to the streets and protested. The movement at that time was called the «Umbrella movement.»

The Umbrella Movement was a manifestation of this growing Hong Kong identity and the resistance to Chinese government influence. People in Hong Kong see themselves as Hong Kongers and only 18% say they see themselves as Chinese.

People in Hong Kong use to meet in Victoria Park with lights. These candleholders stand as a symbol of the fight for democracy against China`s single party rule. The fight in Tiananmen Square is the same fight we see in Hong Kong today.

They are resisting a powerful China in the struggle for their own democracy and identity. People in Tiananmen Square lost the fight 30 years ago. Who will win in Hong Kong?

This is a big challenge to Hong Kongs leadership. Especially Chief Executive Carrie Lam whos the equivalent of Hong Kongs governor. She defended the Extradition Bill, and thats why she is so unpopular.

«I have not received any instruction or mandate from Beijing to do this bill,» she said live on TV. So, she decided that it is OK that the Communist Party in Beijing run roughshod over Hong Kong`s rule of law? This is why people want her to resign over the bill.

The Communist Party and the Mainstream/state-run Media in China blame on USA, CIA and Foreign forces. They claim «Foreign forces are seizing the opportunity to advance their own strategy to hurt China by trying to create havoc in Hong Kong.» The State-run media doesn`t specifically name who those foreign forces are.

Both, young and old people protested in Hong Kong in 2014 in the Umbrella Movement. The same happened on Sunday. Not only students, but also lawyers and business people were protesting. They did it because it is important for them and for Hong Kong. They don`t want a Godless, Communist one rule party to dictate them. They want freedom and liberty.

This GIANT protest in Hong Kong can change everything.

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

 

 

Advertisements

Leave a comment

Filed under Politics

Posters are important but Social Media Platforms has become a dominant player to grab seats and win elections

It`s a big surprise for many to see how the Labour Party has stolen seats from the Conservatives. How in the world did that happen? Is is a great campaign? John McDonnell, the shadow chancellor, said: «This campaign has changed the nature of political discourse in this country.

Jeremy Corbyn has run a fantastic campaign.»

The partys success saw it almost completely wipe out the Tories in London and more than double majorities in seats that were previously considered marginal. Lets take a closer look at the finest pre-election propaganda.

 

 

Margaret Thatcher initially rejected this famous poster from 1978. She said to the art director: «You know perfectly well that you should never have the other side`s name in your own poster!» The art director explained that it was a double entendre.

«Well, it cant be very good because I dont get it!» Thatcher said.

Labour`s Denis Healey called it a «fraud» when he learned that the people in the dole queue were in fact members of Hendon Young Conservatives. The controversy ran for weeks. The art director estimated that the furore earned the equivalent of £5m in free publicity.

It was a start of a long and largely fruitful marriage between the Tories and the Saatchis, helping the party win the next four elections and the agency grow into a global behemoth.

 

 

This poster is from 1992. «Its a kill or get killed in this game,» Jeremy Sinclair told Tory campaign chief Shaun Woodward at that time. Woodward explained that new PM John Major didnt want to run a negative campaign.

«Thats fine, if you dont mind losing,» Sinclair retorted. Tory wonks calculated the spending pledges in Labour`s manifesto as costing £35bn. Sinclair «basically divided it by the number of taxpayers in Britain».

The mathematics might not have been the most rigorous but it allowed the Saatchi team to produce the most notable poster of the campaign, which would define the entire agenda leading up to polling day.

 

 

Labours ad men had always felt one step behind their brutal and relentless counterparts at Saatchis. But Blair recruited Trevor Beattie, the creative master behind the Wonderbra «Hello Boys» poster and French Connections FCUK campaign, and soon Labour were beating the Tories at their own game.

«This will be the most iconic image of this election,» Beattie told Tony Blair as he unveiled the poster depicting Tory leader William Hague with Thatcher`s hair at No 10.

Blair was concerned that it was too flippant. But then he started to laugh. «Youve just shown why it works,» labours communications chief Alastair Campbell told him. «Because if its funny, its fine. People look at it and smile but it makes a powerful negative point.»

 

 

Posters will always be important because if you cant get your message across in five or six words then, chances are, you message isnt righ in the fist place,» says Jeremy Sinclair. This time around, the Saatchi team managed to do it in no words at all.

This is the best poster of the campaign so far. Expressing a clear and powerful message in a single, compelling image. Whether the fear of an SNP/Labour coalition is really the high-salience issue that the best ads usually focus on is questionable.

 

The latest Labour campaign poster of the 2017 General Election has been ridiculed on social media because it shows Theresa May «grabbing» seat in the party`s northern heartlands. The poster is titled «Tories are holding Britain back».

The poster shows the arm of what appears to be Mrs May, complete with a blue bracelet, holding onto the upper right hand corner of England, with Labour`s slogan suggesting that the Prime Minister and the Tories have «held Britain back long enough».

The poster has left many people on Twitter feeling confused. Some people have suggested that Mr Corbyn pulled out of the poster launch because he realised it was not very good. Some said on Twitter that the poster suggested the UK wanted to move closer to the U.S with the Tories stopping if from doing so.

The poster was created by Krow Communications which the party hired to take the lead on its advertising and communications campaigns. Posters has played a very important role in a party`s campaign, but the world has changed. Social Media Platforms has become a dominant player to grab seats and win elections.

 

 

Disclaimer: The views expressed in this article are those of the author and may not reflect those of Shiny bull. The author has made every effort to ensure accuracy of information provided; however, neither Shiny bull nor the author can guarantee such accuracy. This article is strictly for informational purposes only. It is not a solicitation to make any exchange in precious metal products, commodities, securities or other financial instruments. Shiny bull and the author of this article do not accept culpability for losses and/ or damages arising from the use of this publication.

Leave a comment

Filed under Politics